Atnaranth

On Yarns and Pieces. Boil 87 dr. orchil in water, and make up the decoction to 1 3/4 pint. Boil 30 dr. cochineal in water, and make up the decoction to 1 pint. Thicken the mixture with 1/2 lb. starch. Stir till cold, and add, whilst constantly stirring, 25 dr. ground alum, 12 1/2 dr. perchloride of tin. When thoroughly mixed together, print, steam, and rinse.

Black

On 50 lb. Flocks, resisting the fulling-mill. 20 lb. logwood, 7 lb. yellow-wood, 6 lb. sumach, 2 1/2 lb. tartar. Boil the wool in this bath for 2 hours, then replace the evaporated water, and wet the wool, continually shaking it, with the solution of 2 1/2 lb. sulphate of iron, 1 1/2 lb. sulphate of copper. Boil for an hour. For a bluish black, wet the wool as above, as soon as it is lukewarm, with 2 lb. ammoniac, and then rinse and dry it well. For a deep black, substitute for ammoniac 1 1/2 lb. bichromate of potash, dissolve it in boiling water, and boil for 1/4 hour.

Blue

(1) Woad on yarn (10 lb.) Boil 1/2 hour with 167 dr. alum, 80 dr. argol, 50 dr. extract of indigo. Take out, let half the contents of the pan run off', fill up with cold water, and dye at 122° F. (50° C.) with 2 to 3 lb. logwood.

(2) On 15 lb. Wool spun for Knitting. Mordant by boiling 1 hr. in a bath containing 1 lb. alum, 1 lb. tartar, 1/2 lb. indigo carmine, 2 1/2 oz. tin salt. Take oat the wool, and let half the bath flow away, replacing by cold water. Dye at 112° F, (50° C.) with 2 1/2 lb. logwood.

(3) Deep Blue on 50 lb. Flocks of Wool, resisting the fulling-mill. Give a ground of blue, rinse in hot water, and mordant for an hour in a boiling bath containing 1/2 lb. bichromate of potash, 5 lb. alum, 1/4 lb. copper, 2 1/2 oz. tin salt; then dye with the addition of 1/4 lb. sulphuric acid, rinse, and dry.

(4) Logwood Blue. Wool can be dyed with logwood or false blue by several processes which recommend themselves by their cheapness and simplicity. Old dyers used to dye in a single bath, whilst now-a-days the process consists of one mordanting either at cold or hot, and to dye in a solution of the dyeing matter. The colour is fixed on the wool by means of different salts with which it is impregnated before dyeing, and which render the colouring matter insoluble in water when fixed on the fibre. The two following processes are in use in Aix-la-Chapelle: -

(a) Middle Blue on 100 lb. Wool. Boil for 2 hours in water: sulphate of soda, 10 lb.; tartar, 6 lb.; tin crystals, 3 oz.; sulphuric acid, 8 oz. Leave the wool during the night, then dye with logwood, 40 lb., carbonate of soda, 1 lb.

(6) Violet Blue on 100 lb. Wool. Boil for 1 1/2 hour with sulphate of soda, 8 lb.; tin crystals, 2 lb.; tartar, 4 lb. Then dye with logwood, 30 lb.; orchil, 5 lb.; sulphate of copper, 4 lb.

(5) Pensee. 4 lb. orchil 13° B. (brand B), 12 oz. gum-senegal.

(6) Mode. 4 lb. cachou extract 2° B., 2 1/2 oz. ammoniacal cochineal, 21/2 oz. indigo acetate; thicken with 8 lb. of the thickening given in grey (1).

(7) Mode. 21b. cachou extract, 2° B.; heat and pour over 12 oz. gum-senegal, 1 1/2 oz. alum, 3/4 oz. tartaric acid.

Green

(1) Solid Green on 100 lb. Wool. Dye in the following bath: alum, 15 lb.; sulphuric acid, 5 lb.; sulphate of indigo, 5 lb.; picroline, 12 oz.

(2) Fresh Green on 100 lb. Wool. Dye bath: sulphate of soda, 12 1/2 lb.; sulphuric acid, 7 1/2 lb.; carmine of indigo, 7 1/2 lb.; picroline, 1 lb.

(3) Vert posse (fastgreen) on 25 lb. Wool Glauber salt, 1 1/2 lb.; sulphate of alumina, 11/2 lb.; sulphate of indigo, 1 lb.; orchil, 1 lb.; turmeric, 4 lb. Boil in this bath for 11/2 hour. -

(4) Feuille morte (dead leaf) on 25 lb. Wool. Sulphate of alumina, 1 1/2 lb.; sulphate of soda, 1 1/2 lb.;. sulphate of indigo, 1 lb.; orchil 3 lb., or orchil extracts, 1 lb.; turmeric, 2 lb. Boil in this bath for 1 1/2 hour.

(5) Feuille seche (dried leaf), on 25 lb. Wool. Sulphate of soda, 1 1/2 lb.; sulphate of alumina, 1 1/2 lb.; sulphate of indigo, 1/2 lb.; orchil, 3 lb., or orchil extract, 1 lb.; turmeric, 1 1/2 lb. Boil in this bath for 1 1/2 hour.

(6) 14 1/2 oz. white starch, 21/2 lb. water,

9 lb. Cuba lac; boil; add when warm, 5 oz. indigo carmine; mix well; decant the colour; add whilst tepid, 5 oz. oxalic acid; and when cold, 7 1/2 oz. alumina sulphate.

(7) 2 lb. malachite green solution, 5 per cent.; 2 lb. gum substitute water, 65 per cent.

Grenade

(1) Steam Grenade (fast). Colour: orchil, 14° B., 6 lb. 4 oz.; extract quercitron, 2o° B., 8 oz.; gum thickening, 1 lb. 8 oz. After boiling, add: alum, 3 oz.; tartaric acid, 1/2 oz.; indigo carmine, 1 1/2 oz. (2) Bordeaux R.

Grey

(1) Pearl Grey. Colour: ammoniacal cochineal, 3° B., 2 1/2 oz.; acetate of indigo, 10° B., 1 1/2 oz.; 2 lb. 8 oz. of the following thickening: gum water, 12 lb.; alum, 12 oz.; tartaric acid, 1 3/4 oz. (2) Induline.

Maroon

On 50 lb. Wool, resisting the fulling - mill. Prepare a dyeing bath as follows: to a clear solution of 10 lb. catechu add 2 lb. logwood and 2 1/2lb. tartar. Boil the wool for 2 hours in this bath, rinse, and add to the above bath 2 lb. bichromate of potash and I lb. sulphate of copper. Put the wool in, and boil for 1/2 to 1 hour, according to the shade required, and then rinse.

Olive

(1) On Yarn (10 lb.). Boil with 96 dr. prepared tartar, 20 dr. blue vitriol, 375 dr. orchil, 50 dr. turmeric, 40 dr. indigo sulphate. Cerise as required.

(2) Fast Light on 100 lb. Yarn. Half fill the vat with water, bring to boil, and dissolve 2 lb. fast yellow, 4 1/2 oz. fast brown, 7 1/2 oz. light green S., 3 oz. induline, and then 40 lb. tartar composition, 10 lb. Glauber salt. Fill the vat with water, enter yarn, boil 1 hour, wash and dry. This colour remains olive also by artificial light.

(3) On 15 lb. wool. Boil with 1 lb. potash bisulphate, 1 1/2 oz. copper sulphate, 21/2 lb. orchil, 1/4 lb. turmeric, 1/4 lb. indigo sulphate, and garnet according to shade required.

Orange

-(1) Alizarine on 150 lb. Wool. Boil for 1 1/4 to 1 1/2 hour in the following bath, containing: alum, 7 1/2 lb.; tartar, 12 1/2 lb.; tin crystals, 2 1/2 oz.; and alizarine W., 15 lb.

(2) Printing. Colour: Persian berries decoction, 9° B., 4 lb.; gum-senegal, 1 lb. 2 oz.; alum, 4 oz.; tin crystal, 4 oz.; oxalic acid, 1 oz.

Ponceau

(1) 1 lb. cochineal decoction, 5° B., 1 1/2 lb. white starch; boil well; add when lukewarm, 9 oz. oxalic acid, 1 1/2 oz. tin crystals, 3 oz. double tin chloride. (2) 2 lb. solution of ponceau R., containing 4 per cent., 2 lb. solution of gum substitute, containing 65 per cent.

Puce

Steam Puce (fast). Colour: orchil, 12° B., 4 lb. 8 oz. Heat and dissolve in it by small quantities, after taking away from the fire: alum, 1 oz.; tartaric acid, 1/4 oz.; thicken with white starch, 3 oz.; gum, 2 oz.; then add indigo carmine, 1/4 oz.

Red

(1) Fire Red on Yarns and Piece Goods. 5 1/4 pints cochineal extract at 7° B., 157 dr. starch; boil well together, and add 12 1/2 dr. oxalic acid. Stir till cold, and add, whilst constantly stirring, 12 1/2 dr. tin crystals, and 25 dr. berry liquor at 7° B. Mix perfectly, print, steam 1 hour, rinse.

(2) Scarlet on 100 lb. Wool. Dissolve in boiling water: liquid extract of quercitron, 3 lb. 8. oz.; oxalic acid, 3 lb. 8 oz.; tin crystals, 1 lb. 12 oz.; tartar, 4 lb.; cochineal, 4 lb.; chloride of tin solution, 8 lb. Mix well when dissolved, add cold water, enter wool, and boil for 1 to 1 1/2 hour.

Violet

(1) 4 lb. orchil, 13° B. (brand M); 12 oz. gum-senegal.

(2) Colour: water, 10 lb.; ammo-niacal cochineal, 3° B., 20 lb.; white starch, 3 lb. 8 1/2 oz.; boil, and add when warm - oxalic acid, 4 1/2 oz.; alum, 1 lb. 8 1/2 oz.; deuto-chloride of tin, 1 1/4 oz.

Wood-Colour

Steam. Colour: orchil, 10° B., 10 lb.; cambresine decoction, 10° B., 10 lb. Thicken with gum thickening, 4 lb.; and add after taking away from the fire - alum, 1 lb.; oxalic acid, 3 3/4 oz.; sulphate of iron, 3 1/4 oz. The cambresine decoction is obtained by boiling 3 different times - fustic, 2 parts; Persian berries, 1 part, in water, and mixing together the 3 decoctions, which are then reduced to 10° B.