Guelder Rose (Viburnum Opulus)

The sticks from this well-known shrub are very attractive when dressed and polished. The bark which covers them is of a rich brown, thickly marked with white lines. They are of a comparatively recent introduction, and are very much in demand. They are sometimes known under the name of Balkan rose, being imported from the neighbourhood of the Balkans.


This well-known stick is the produce of Corylus Avellana, and has quite recently increased very much in favour both for walking and umbrella sticks. A variety known as silver bark hazel is the most beautiful. The sticks are imported from various places on the continent of Europe.

Holly (Ilex Aquifolium)

The sticks of this favourite shrub are so much used for walking sticks, whip-handles, and similar uses that they need only to be enumerated. They are chiefly the produce of our own country.

Hornbeam (Carpinus Betulus)

A well-known hard-wooded tree; the wood is of a very light colour, but makes durable sticks. The market is supplied by English growth.

Jam Bee, Or Jambeze

This is apparently the produce of the palm, which has yet to be determined.


This wood, supposed to be the produce of Duguetia quitarensis, a tree of South America, is much used for shafts of carriages, whip-handles, and the top joints of fishing-rods, in consequence of its elasticity and strength. For the same reason it is used for walking and umbrella-sticks.

Loya Canes

The stems of an Australian palm (Calamus australis). They have somewhat the appearance of a rattan, to which they are a close botanical ally.

Malacca {Calamus scipwnum). - Like the last, these are the stems of a climbing palm, imported, not from Malacca, but from Siak, on the opposite coast of Sumatra. They are a very choice stick, and fetch perhaps the highest price of any stick in the market.

Maple (Acer Campestro)

The branches of this well-known British tree are sometimes used for walking sticks, as well as the wood of its American ally, the bird's eye maple (Acer saccharinum).

Medlar (Pyrus Germanica)

Sticks of this plant are imported from France. They are sometimes covered with numerous transverse gashes, which is done in the stem during growth for the purpose of ornamentation.


This is the stem of an Australian palm (Kentia monostachya). It makes a very pretty stick, from the markings or scars of the fallen leaves being very close together.

Mountain Ash

A well-known ornamental tree of our shrubberies (Pyrus Aucuparia). The sticks are slender but strong.

Mountain Bay

A slender palm, the source of which is unknown.

Myall Wood (Acacia Homalophylla)

A leguminous tree of Australia, the violet-scented wood of which is well known and has been much used of late in the manufacture of pipes. The sticks are not polished, so as to preserve the scent.


Whether this is the produce of the Myrtus communis is somewhat doubtful. It makes excellent walking and umbrella sticks, which are imported from Algeria.

Nana Canes

This name has been given to the hollow reed-like stems of Arundo donax, the rhizomes of which form excellent handles for umbrellas and sunshades. They are imported from Algeria.

Oak (Quercus Robur)

The saplings and branches of this well-known British tree are much used for walking sticks, and are always in favour. Under the name of Brazilian oak, a stick that has met with a very large demand has been known in the market for some few years. It is corrugated longitudinally, and knotted throughout, the knots being especially thick near the knob. Though this stick is a great favourite, its botanical origin at present is obscure. It is imported from Bahia, and is" sometimes known as the Ceylon vine.

Olive ( Olea Europea)

This is another favourite stick for which there is always a large demand; the dark green bark has a character of its own, and the brown markings of the wood, when stripped of its bark, has much to recommend it. Olive sticks are imported chiefly from Algeria.


The orange sticks, which are imported chiefly from Algeria, are probably the produce of other allied species besides that of the common orange (Citrus aurantium). The bark of the orange, when dressed and polished, has a bright, greenish colour, with white streaks, and makes extremely pretty sticks, for which there is a constant demand.

Orange, Black

This is a distinct product from the foregoing, and is not furnished by any species of Citrus, but by the common broom (Cytisus sco-parius). The bark has somewhat of the orange marking, but its colour is nearly black, as its trade name indicates. It is imported from Algeria.


These sticks are cut from the solid wood of the palmyra palm of India (Borassus flabelliformis). Two varieties are known, black and red, the one with intense black lines, the other with red. The wood is imported from India.

Partridge Canes

Under this name an immense quantity of canes, with and without the bark, are annually imported from China, Though they are a specially favourite stick for walking, umbrellas, and sunshades, the botanical source still remains unknown. They are largely used for the twisted and curled handles now so much in vogue.

Partridge Wood (Andira Inermis)

This is a large tree of the West Indies. The wood is close-grained and hard, and takes a good polish; it is used -chiefly for umbrella handles.

Penang Lawyer (Licuala Acutifida)

This is a palm, the saplings of which, with the roots attached, are imported in considerable quantities from Penang.

Pimento (Pimenta Officinalis)

A tree common in Jamaica, where it is largely cultivated for the sake of its fruits, which are the allspice of commerce. For the stick and umbrella trade large quantities of the young saplings are imported from the West Indies. The sticks are valued specially for umbrella handles, in consequence of their rigidity and non-liability to warp.