Author of " The History of Hand-made Lace"

Homely Records of a Great Event-symbols-an Heraldic Blazon-a Table-centre or Cushion-cover with Heraldic Embroidery

Commemoration needlework is an attrac-tive subject. It is pleasant to write indelibly with the needle of a great event which has stirred the heart of the nation, and it is seemly that we housewives should use our handicraft to sew for the future-a homely record of love and loyalty.

Have not the mothers of the Empire the sacred duty of training their children in Godfearing loyalty? Is there not laid upon us, as soon as the babe is put into our arms, the mandate of responsibility in teaching?

There may be some who are careless, some who are ignorant, or some who are heedless, but none of average intelligence can escape responsibility in this matter.

There are now in our nurseries, in our schoolrooms, enjoying all the influences and intimacies of the home-life, "a large number of England's boys, soon to become England's men, hard at work training themselves to do something for the good of their country, for the good of the nation, and for the good of themselves." So spoke Lord Kitchener when he was addressing the Boy Scouts, and the mothers of the Empire must see to it that they help their boys, and girls, too, in all that is for the good of their country and for the good of the nation. A true understanding of the highest symbolism is one step in the right direction; intelligent appreciation of our nation's story, and full knowledge of any sign that marks a great event and records a brave deed, will help towards patriotism.

Reverence, veneration for authority, and all that is good and just and that makes for discipline is taught by patriotism.

Teach your children to understand the symbols of the crown, familiarise them with the signs and their meanings. Tell them of the Cap of Maintenance and the Cap of Estate; show them the difference and

Table centre or cushion cover of frilled muslin with Coronation design painted in colour. The centre pattern only has the shield.

Table-centre or cushion-cover of frilled muslin with Coronation design painted in colour. The centre pattern only has the shield.

At the sides G and M are worked, the initial letters given in

Part 10 of Every Woman's Encyclopaedia being used teach the history of each ornament. Crosses and fleurs-de-lys are not put round the crown, which in our pattern is heraldically correct, because they look pretty; they are there because they signify the Cross, the highest symbol of our religion, and our share long ago in the lilies of France.

The Herald's Office has it that the Royal shield is composed of insignia of the three realms of the United Kingdom-england, Scotland, and Ireland.

The beauty and the history of it all should be impressed on the younger generation. There are few now who can read the open page in blazon.

In early days men and women did not wear meaningless patterns as we do now. The embroidered ornament on surcoat or pennant signified the rank of the wearer; the parti-coloured badge on the breast of the serving-man proclaimed the house to which the man belonged. Sometimes, as with the crest of the Stanleys-the eagle and child-there is an interesting story attached. An eagle who had built his nest near the castle of the childless Lord of Lathom, one day brought a young child to the lord, who adopted him as his heir. The child, having grown to manhood, became the father of John Stanley. The present Earl of Derby bears this crest.

The crest of Viscount Downe tells a story of the slaying by an ancestor of a fierce lion and the king's reward of a ring. This ring is still a treasured possession in the family.

Many a delightful story of valour was thus set forth, and who can doubt that the mark and significance of a noble deed honourably rewarded shed its influence for good on others who should emulate nobility and courtesy.

So it is good to embroider emblems. Patriotism, loyalty to our rulers, the beauty of obedience and service-they are all things to bring before our eyes, and the eyes of our loved ones, in as fair a form as we can achieve. Are not our children the mothers and fathers of the future?

There is a virtue in dainty stitchery; no fine seamstress is without order, care, and patience. Teach these qualities to your daughters, and the effort you encourage will react-on her children and her children's children when you have long passed away.

There are numerous and diverse ways of illustrating Coronation year in needlework.

Our coloured plate shows a very graceful example, where the correct heraldic blazon shows like a jewel amongst the other symbolical ornaments in natural but subdued colouring.

It is not easy to make the crude gold and gules, red and crimson, altogether acceptable to modern eyes, but it is best to use the colours correctly, toning the rest of the picture in a minor key.

Those who are not sufficiently skilled to attempt the Royal Arms might substitute one of the, Tudor roses as a central ornament, and the result would be very pleasing.

It will be seen in the table-centre or cushion-cover that heraldry has been used in the central motif; and in the repeat framing of flowers the king's initial is in one, the queen's in the other. This makes a pleasing variation.

This example is painted on muslin in natural colours, the Royal arms and initials being specially emphasised.

Again, if a still simpler record is required, the decoration of the work-bag is very charming and quite correct. The thistle forms the basis of the pattern, as in the complete design; then, in place of carrying the stem into the form of a more elaborate picture, the roses only are used, one on either side, wrought in ribbon work, and above shamrocks are strewn. This small motif is used on the other side of the bag as well. The lining is of green and white silk, and the ribbon strings are also of shamrock green. As this is an effective but somewhat violent colour, the roses and faint violet of the thistle are very pale.

In the framed picture a far more elaborate scheme is achieved. The main stems are done in a thick gold cord, the crown being outlined in the same, as also the shield. The working of the rest of the picture is in very fine silk in shades of grey, toning up to indigo and black. This is wonderfully effective on the pearl satin background with the rich gold thread outstanding.

Such needlework pictures are now quite an accepted article of interest amongst those who have entered the higher ranks of needlewomen, who wisely model their efforts on old examples, and achieve fine and highly artistic work. Will not the descendant who inherits such a picture.

Coronation needlework picture framed in English oak. Heraldry in national colours. Rose, shamrock and thistle in gold cord and grey silk worked on pearl grey satin

Coronation needlework picture framed in English oak. Heraldry in national colours. Rose, shamrock and thistle in gold cord and grey silk worked on pearl grey satin

Fawn cloth work bag with embroidered thistle, ribbon work   roses, and shamrock leaves in natural colours

Fawn cloth work-bag with embroidered thistle, ribbon work - roses, and shamrock leaves in natural colours. The bag is lined with shamrock green and white silk and tied with green ribbon delicately wrought, and commemorative of one of the great events of the century, be as delighted as we should be now if we had bequeathed to us a needlework picture or emblematic group setting forth the glorious accession or coronation of one of the Georges, or of an earlier king or queen, perchance a Stuart.

Such needlework would indeed be a prize.

Let us make up our minds that we will work for posterity as well as for our present pleasure. Then, when our completed work is signed and framed, it will be a record of a great event.

It is quite easy to copy the Coronation design shown in the coloured frontispiece. Trace it on to transparent paper or engineers' cloth, which only costs one shilling a square yard. Then place the material to be worked firmly on a hard board or table, put carbon paper on the material, then the pattern. Go over each line with a hard-pointed pencil,

Union Jack pincushion with crown in gold cord and red satin in the centre and the pattern will be transferred perfectly

Union Jack pincushion with crown in gold cord and red satin in the centre and the pattern will be transferred perfectly. The last illustration is work that very tiny people can achieve. Make a nice firm pincushion in a delicate-coloured satin, sew cord all round its edges, tie dainty bows at the corners, then stretch a ribbon across from corner to corner; and while the baby boy or girl, from three years upwards, sticks pins in straight and firm in the centre of the ribbon, tell how we got the cross of St. Andrew. When all the pins are in from corner to corner obliquely, speak of that other white cross beneath.

Then, by the thread laid across again, tell how the cross of St. George came to be part of our glorious flag. Baby will like hearing the story simply told, he will like sticking the pins in, and he will have had the tale told to him of how we got our Union Jack. Then he can say:

" God save the King."