This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
[In Rivers' " Supplement to Catalogue of Fruits," published last November, we find the following commentary on fruits which he has recently tested. Such information is looked for by those who are in search of novelties. We are surprised that the Beurre Clairgeau, the finest of all new Pears, has proved rather inferior for two years. We believe it has so far been invariably first rate in this country. It seems that our American Peaches are proving fine in Mr. River's " orchard-houses." - Ed].
At a late meeting of the London Pomological Society, Mr. Rivers exhibited a Raspberry, produced from a plant which had been raised by crossing the raspberry and blackberry, or bramble. The plant has all the habit of growth of the common bramble, does not throw up suckers, and produces fruit most abundantly, but it is the size and texture of the raspberry, and the flavor, though like the latter, is much more lively and piquant; the fruit is of a dark purple color. It will be not only a curiosity, but useful for the dessert at a late period of the season.
"At the Clapton Nurseries," says the Cottage "Gardener, " they grew the Meyenia ereata by the thousands, and sell it by the dozen for ' planting out' in the South of Ireland, first for its bloom, and next for its young shoots for making baskets with. There is no end to the numbers they have of it for English and Scottish greenhouses, and warm conservatory and mixed borders during the summer; but for stove cultivation they say it is not at all suited.
"Thyrsacanthus rutilans, the finest winter-flowering stove-plant we have, is here treated just like a half-hardy plant, and like Meyenia erecta; but in Ghent and Brussels they get it from cuttings early in the spring, and turn it out- of doors all the summer. In the autumn it makes a kind of Love-lies-bleeding fringe round the Orange-tubs, the little pots standing in a circle inside the tub, and the drooping, crimson fringe hanging all round.
"The Clerodendron Bungii, or faetidum, is all but hardy on the Continent, and ought to be mere so in England. It dies down like a Fuchsia for the winter, and blooms freely on the young summer growth, just like the Brugmansias*, where they are taken good heed to.
"The lovely Sonerila margaritacea, a dwarf, spotted-leaved Melastomad, comes from cut-tingB in nine days, and in sixteen more-days is fit for the market, and worth from thirty to forty penny-pieces. The dearest is the cheapest in the long run.
"They have a large stock of a new hardy Oak with fern-like leaves, got over from Mackay, of Liege, who seems to graft them as easily as apples and pears; Twenty years ago these would cost £5 a piece, owing to the difficulty of increasing them. Now they 'come out' cheap as bedding variegated geraniums.
"White Glycine, or Wistaria Sinensis, from eyes grafted on the roots of the old one, and come as freely as leaf and bud geranium cuttings. This led to a secret of great importance. The whole of the Kennedyas; Zichyaa, and such like, will graft on the roots of Wistaria, and grow to double the usual size as conservatory climbers. The continental mode of splitting the crown of the stock seems the easiest and best way for this root grafting also.
"A new hardy Oak, which came from the Alps of Bhootan, promises to be one of the finest for park scenery, being exactly intermediate between an Oak and a Spanish Chestnut in the leaves. Quantities of Pinus filifolia, one of the finest of the long-leaved kinds, but not quite hardy. Pinus orientalis looks much like a young spruce. Chironia glutinosa, so covered with bloom that it ought to make a good bedder in peat to come in after the Scarlet Crassulas.
"Now to the Carmllia and Azalea ground. They stand the Camellias in beds, with the highest plants in the middle row, and then fall down both ways as the roof of a house. The whole look like ridge-and-furrow, and comprise 7,000 plants, from one to four feet, all best kinds, and at from 21s. to 60s. per dozen. Three thousand Chinese Azaleas next to them, and the next all the Pompones and Chrysanthemums, "A Weeping Birch, the first of them in England, used to be crowded with 'stocks' of common Birch to inarch on; but that practice is given up now, and one great branch of the tree is trained down to near the ground, and the young wood is layered, and thus Weeping Birches on their own roots, are obtained at less bother, and far better for the planter. The original appeared first in the collection of M. Soulange Baudin, of Paris, and the tree is about as great an ornament as any one could find in an Arboretum".