The accompanying drawings, made for us by an accomplished lady, represent a pasteboard hanging vase, covered with moss, and attached to an oak branch, for a parlor ornament. From the material employed, it is better suited for dried flowers than those which require water.

The smaller basket represents the mode in which the pasteboard is united after being shaped, and the larger exhibits the same covered with moss. Every lady of the least taste can make these baskets, and ornament her boudoir, parlor, or sitting-room with her own handiwork, which she will enjoy more than expensive purchased objects.

The oak-leaves may be represented in winter in leather.

Ornament For Dried Flowers 110086

Protection To Farms. From A Letter Of Charles Downing

From A Letter Of Charles Downing, Of Newburg, Few York, To The Editor Of The , Transactions Of The Illinois Agricultural Society.

When I saw the prairie land for the first time, it struck me very forcibly, and I have often thought of it since, how much more comfortable the inhabitants might be if they would plant hedges or wide belts of trees to screen them from cold winter winds, and also be a protection to their crops, especially fruit. If each owner of one or two hundred acres of land would plant their boundaries or division lines with belts of trees, say from twenty to one hundred feet wide, they would find it to their advantage and comfort.

Besides the protection, the trees would in a few years, when large enough to thin out, be valuable for firewood and timber. An objector might say, "It would be very expensive to procure and plant such wide belts of trees." To such I would reply, that many kinds, one year old (which is large enough), could be imported very cheap from the English and French nurseries by the 1000, such as elms, ash, maples, beech, birch, linden, larch, alder, etc. Agents in New York city would order them on application.

The ground should be ploughed a year previous to planting, and well worked through the summer, with or without a crop, as most convenient. The following spring put in the plants from three to six feet apart; those which make the largest growth, such as elms, etc., plant on the back line, and so on with the different sizes, so as to have the lowest growing kind inside or front; the last or inside row it would be well to plant with evergreens, say Norway spruce, because it is a faster grower than evergreens generally, and small plants can be obtained cheap.

Osage orange, locust, and chestnut, being fast growers, would be desirable to mix with the above-named kinds.

Another plan would be to procure seeds of any of the fast growing kinds of trees, grow them in beds in the garden one year, and then transplant them in the belts or screens. But there would be failures and disappointments, and it might not prove as cheap and satisfactory as to import them.

But the quickest mode of obtaining a screen for protection would be to procure cuttings of some of the free and strong growing varieties of the willow, such as Salix triandra, S. Beveridgii, S. Purpurea, etc., which grow from forty to sixty, and seventy feet high, and very rapidly, too, in a deep moist soil, and very suitable, no doubt, to much of the prairie land. This, however, would not be so valuable for general purposes, when grown, as elm, maple, etc.; but would make its growth in about half the time.

For profit and quick growth combined, there is nothing probably equal to the common yellow locust (Robinia Pseudacacia); it will not only make a fine belt for protection in a short time, but for fencing posts and durable timber (especially ship building), nothing equals it; and it has always commanded a high price; and I think a portion of the western prairies might be planted with it, as a profitable investment. It is said there are two kinds, one durable and the other not; bat I know of only one kind. It is possible, if grown on deep, rich, mucky soils, the timber would be coarse grained, spongy, and not as durable.