This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
We have a note from Mr. William Stoms, of Cincinnati, on Strawberries, confirming what our friend Barry says respecting the success of Hooey's Seedling this season, which would have been inserted but for want of space. The next and beat fruit was McAvoy's Superior. Mr. Stoms promises next month to give an account of the profits of Strawberry Culture, which we shall be glad to receive.
The Common Privet (Ligusirum vulgare) is one of the best Shrubs for dry gravelly situations, or arid hilly places. The writer frequently passes a noble specimen on a steep stony knoll, which is quite a model of beauty. It is very nearly evergreen, and its agreeably scented white flowers in July are quite attractive. It is so readily propagated by cuttings, that it is a matter of surprise that in situations so dry that few things will grow well, such a cheap and handsome plant should not be more generally employed than it is.
A note or two concerning this season's experience here with some of the more recent varieties of strawberries, may be of some interest.
Scott's Seedling, of which we had but a very small bed, and consequently a trial not quite satisfactory, has not come fully up to its Boston reputation. It is large and handsome, and very distinctly characterized by its long conical form; crop moderate, and flavor rather indifferent. I hope to report more favorably of it next season.
Longworth's Prolific and McAvoy's Superior, of which we had good beds, in fine order for a fair trial, have both turned out poorly - the crop has been light, and the berries of both imperfectly filled out. This by the bye, is a general failing of all the Cincinnati varieties. Whilst I still rank these two varieties as good, I decidedly prefer, for our section, Burr's new Pine and Walker's Seedling. The latter variety is of undoubted excellence and value, as a staminate.
Moyamensing improves by acquaintance, and is really a productive and excellent fruit.
Iowa, "Iowa male" as some call it, and "Washington" as many of the Cincinnati growers have it, is a prodigious bearer (staminate), of a pale red color and rather indifferent flavor, very hardy and valuable for market.
Jenny's Seedling when fairly treated is an abundant bearer, and a good berry, hardy and vigorous. Genesee has been pretty extensively tested, and proves to be a great favorite. It is a staminate, uncommonly hardy and vigorous, the berry large, roundish oblong with a long neck, color light shining red, very beautiful; flavor medium. Monroe Scarlet continues to prove whenever tested, an immense bearer, of good size and fair quality. The " Orange prolific" s a prodigious bearer, bright color, firm, and quite late. Of Jenny Lind Pennsylvania, and some other new American sorts, I cannot speak now, not having given them a full and fair trial; another season will prove them.
Hooker's Seedling, raised by H. E. Hooker, of Rochester, a large conical, dark crimson berry tike Black Prince, evidently a seedling from it; very productive, of good quality, will rank among the best new sorts; a good match for Walker's, which is also from Black Prince no doubt.
Two years ago, I received from some one in Steuben county, N. Y., a few plants called "Steuben's Seedling." This season they have borne well; fruit dark red, firm, and of good flavor; plant very hardy, vigorous, and productive. I think well of it, but it now requires more than ordinary merit to entitle a new sort to attention. We have tested many new foreign sorts so fully as to warrant an opinion on their value here.
Bicton pine I still think well of; indeed I think more of it than ever. It is like most other foreign sorts, not so hardy as our native varieties, which have mostly the scarlets for their type, but with a trifling protection, it may be wintered safely anywhere, and bear a good crop of large handsome flesh colored berries, having an agreeable musky aroma.
Cremont Perpetual, which created a sensation some years ago around Paris, proves to be not a perpetual as the famous "Crescent Seedling," but we have gathered from it this season a crop of magnificent berries.
Belle Blanche from France, proves to be identical with Bicton Pine.
Triomph de Gand from Belgium, is a large handsome light crimson fruit, of rather indifferent flavor, and bears well.
Duc de Brabant from Belgium, rather large, long conical, bright shining red; flavor musky and agreeable. Very early, well worthy of trial.
Cobi Prolific, (English) shows a wonderful profusion of bloom and sets a fair crop of berries; large, roundish, slightly flattened, dark red, flavor medium.
Trollopes Victoria, promises better than any other English variety ever received here. The plant is hardy, vigorous, and bears a large crop of magnificent fruit, rivalling the British Queen in its best condition; roundish ovate, light shining red, flavor would rank as good. Among fifty sorts this has borne away the palm in appearance. Ingram's Prince of Wales from England, Honneur de Belgiqne, and Compte de Flanders from Belgium, all give sufficient promise to warrant more extensive trial.
I may state here that the season was remarkably favorable for the production of large crops of strawberries, and large fruits. Rainy, cool weather, more English than American; flavor was not so good as usual. I have been told by a gentleman whose word I cannot doubt, that from an acre of land under Large Early Scarlet, over one hundred and twenty bushels of fruit were gathered, and sold at an average to the dealers at about ten cents per quart. An accurate count was kept of one hundred bushels; the balance were estimated.