This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Fraser's name often occurs among the early botanical explorers of this country, and it is given to several plants, including a fine Rhododendron. The elder Fraser visited Newfoundland previous to the year 1784, and commenced his researches in the Southern States in 1785. Michaux, in his Ant expedition to the mountains, in 1787, speaks of having travelled with him for several days. Under the patronage of the Russian government, he returned to this country in 1799, accompanied by his eldest son, and revisited the mountains. It was Mr. Fraser's good fortune to discover and collect living specimens of the new and splendid Rhododendron Catawbiense, from which so many hybrid varieties have since been obtained by skilful cultivators. The father and son revisited the Southern States in 1807, and the latter, after the decease of the father, in 1811, returned to this country, and continued his indefatigable labors till 1817. Lyon and Pursh, both gardeners to Mr. Hamilton, of Philadelphia, next visited the wilds of the Southwest. Kin (a queer German) next investigated this great botanical region; and then came Nuttall. Dr. Gray subsequently made a tour to the mountains of Carolina, and published his account in Sil-liman's Journal, from which these facts and dates are taken.
All these explorers have given more or less attention to the scenery - Bartram, especially; and we are tempted to requote from Dr. Gray, who credits the following description of the Roan Mountain to Professor Mitchell: -
"With the exception of a body of granite rocks, looking like the ruins of an old castle, near its southwestern extremity, the top of the Roan may be described as a vast meadow, about nine miles in length, and with a maximum elevation of six thousand and thirty feet, without a tree to obstruct the prospect, where a person may gallop his horse for a mile or two, with Carolina at his feet, on one Bide, and Tennessee on the other, and a green ocean of mountains, raised into tremendous billows, immediately about him. It is the pasture ground for the young horses of the whole country about it during the summer. We found the strawberry here in the greatest abundance, and of the finest quality, in regard to both size and flavor, on the 30th of July." Prof. Mitchell is of Chapel Hill University, N. C.
Greek houses are too often unsightly. Elegance should prevail in a structure, the very object of which is to express ornament and refinement. The expense of construction is no greater for a graceful proportion and good design than a frightful one, stuck all over with meretricious ornamentation. 'As a rule, elegance is favorable to cheapness, as those lines and angles which most please the eye, are usually those which consume the least amount of material.
The annexed design is for a moderate greenhouse on a south or east wall, within view of the house windows, or communicating with one. The top lights are placed at an angle of 450. An ornamental moulding or cornice runs along the front, serving as a gutter to carry off the rain. The front sashes extend without interruption from the roof to the ground, one of them opening as the door. The cost of such a structure need not be greater than is usually paid for a homely building, which would be an eye-sore to every person of taste. The accompanying is at once elegant and simple; it consists mostly of glass, the sashes for which being now made with machinery (though we confess not so well as by hand), form a small item of the cost. It affords greater accommodation within than can be had in a structure half timber, and affords ample light.
The eye should never be annoyed, most especially in all that pertains to flower culture.