This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
We find by experience that if cultivators will allow more room for their plants to form good strong hills, the produce will be much greater and the berries much larger. Two feet apart is near enough for large hills, and just before setting out the plant we would throw down a big. forkful of well-rotted barn-yard manure. It is well also to add a couple handfuls of bone meal or superphosphate. This has an admirable effect in producing large quantities of berries. The bed system of growing Strawberries, rarely is satisfactory; it is an immense trouble to keep it clean, free from weeds, and almost impossible to control the plants and prevent the too free formation of runners. Where the parent plants are neglected, and runners allowed to form freely, depend upon it, the bed is beginning to run down. The hill culture of Strawberries and careful clipping of runners is the only judicious system of management. An item worth noticing is this, that on heavy lands your berries will be late, but the produce will be very heavy, while on light lands the produce will be light, and also very early. For family purposes we recommend the very richest part of the garden; yet we would not stimulate them too much with ammoniacal manures.
In fact the best crops we ever had were grown upon land where bone meal had been used with great liberality. There are some soils upon which must be grown particular varieties. For instance, the Triomphe de Gand must be grown upon clay land; Jucunda upon shaly clay; Russell's Prolific and Wilson's Albany will always do well on light loamy land; La Comtante must have a cool Northern climate and heavy land. Of the later and most desirable varieties, Boy den's No. 30 and Charles Downing will grow well almost anywhere; Barnes' Mammoth variable, but does well on light land, if runners are allowed to spread moderately around the parent vine. There are few or no soils we have yet heard of but will grow one or more varieties of delicious Strawberries, but careful culture every week during the season is the only way to be successful, no matter what may be the soil or manure.