This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, large, three inches and a quarter wide, and two inches and a half high; oblate, prominently ribbed, and uneven. Skin, almost entirely overspread with bright red, covered with dark crimson stripes, and wherever the ground colour appears it is yellow, and the base is quite covered with russet. Eye, rather large, closed, with convergent segments, deeply set in an uneven angular basin. Stamens, median; tube, long, funnel-shaped. Stalk, short, rather deeply inserted. Flesh, yellowish, sometimes tinged with red, tender, juicy, and with a pleasant acidity. Cells, small, obovate; axile.
Fruit, large; conical. Skin, yellow, smooth and glossy, strewed all over with russety spots, stained and striped with brilliant red on the side next the sun. Eye, large and open, set in an even and shallow basin. Stalk, very short, inserted in a very narrow and shallow cavity. Flesh, pale yellow, firm and tender, juicy and sugary, with a brisk and pleasant flavour.
A very good apple for culinary purposes, and second-rate for the dessert; it is in use from December to April.
Fruit, large, three inches and a half wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; roundish, somewhat flattened and angular. Skin, covered with rough brown russet, which has a brownish tinge on the side next the sun; some portions only of the ground colour are visible, which is yellowish green. Eye, small and closed, set in a narrow and rather shallow basin. Stamens, marginal or median; tube, conical or funnel-shaped. Stalk, half an inch long, inserted in a wide and deep cavity. Flesh, greenish yellow, tender, crisp, brisk, juicy, and sugary. Cells, roundish ovate; axile, slit.
A most excellent culinary apple of first-rate quality; it is in use from November to May, but is very apt to shrink and become dry, unless, as Mr. Thompson recommends, it is kept in dry sand.
The tree is of a very vigorous habit, and attains the largest size. It is perfectly hardy and an excellent bearer.
This has always been a favourite old English variety. It is mentioned by Lawson so early as 1597, and is much commended by almost every subsequent writer. It is not the true Leathercoat. See Leathercoat.
Fruit, above medium size, three inches wide, and two and three-quarters high; roundish, inclining to ovate, slightly ribbed, and narrowing towards the eye. Skin, greenish-yellow in the shade, but covered with dull red next the sun, and strewed all over with minute russety dots. Eye, partially closed, with erect convergent segments, set in a round and rather deep basin. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, short, inserted in a deep funnel-shaped cavity, which is lined with ramifications of russet. Flesh, greenish white, firm, crisp, brisk, and pleasantly flavoured. Cells, round; axile, slit.
A very good culinary apple, grown in the neighbourhood of Lancaster; it is in use during November and December, and will keep till March or April.