The size (dose) of a Lekhana, Prasadana and Ropana Varti (Pill) should be equal to that of one and a half and twice as much as a Kalaya pulse for ocular affections in general. As regards the application of Rasa-kriya-Anjana in these disorders the quantity to be used in a dose should be equal to that of the Varti in the different cases respectively. As regards the dose of the powders (to be used in eye-diseases) it should be respectively twice, thrice and four times as much as would be contained at the end of a Salaka (rod). 32.
The vessels containing the different kinds of Anjana should be according to the different kinds of Anjana themselves, and these vessels as well as the Salaka (rod) for the use should be made of gold, silver, horn, copper, Vaidurya (a kind of precious stone), bell-metal and iron respectively (in accordance with the different tastes of the drugs the Anjanas are made of), † The end of the
* Dallana says that Pill-Anjanas, Liquid-Anjanas and Powder-Anjanas should be preseribed in cases of severe, intermediate and mild attacks respectively.
† According to Dallana the Anjana of sweet taste should be placed in a golden vessel, that of acid taste in a silver vessel, that of saline taste in a vessel made of horn (of a sheep), that of astringent taste, in a vessel cither of copper or iron, that of pungent taste in a vessel made of Vaidurya, rod should terminate in a bud-shaped ball with the girth of that of a Kalaya pulse, its entire length measuring eight fingers only. It would be well polished, slender at the middle and capable of being easily handled. A rod prepared of copper, precious stones such as Vaidurya, etc., and horns or bones, etc.* will prove beneficial. 33.
The lids of the affected eye (of the patient) should be slantingly drawn apart with the left hand, and the Anjana should be carefully applied by holding the rod with the right hand and by constantly moving the rod from the Kaninika to the Apanga and vice versa (along the inner side of the eye-lid). This process should be repeated (twice or thrice ) according to requirements. The Anjana should be applied with the finger when it would be necessary to use it on the outer side of the eye-lid. The Anjana in no case should be thickly painted in the corners of the eye (i.e., in the Kaninika and the Apanga from fear of hurting them), nor the organ should be washed till all the aggravations of the deranged (bodily) Dosha in the locality are completely removed thereform, in as much as it might bring on a fresh aggravation and impair the strength of the eyesight. After the subsidence of the deranged local Dosha and that of bitter taste should be placed in a vessel made of bell-metal. The S'alaka (rod) for the use of the different kinds of Anjana should be also accordingly prepared.
According to Nimi, however, as quoted by Dallana and S'rikantha Datta, in their commentaries, the Ropana, Lekhana and Prasadana Anjanas should be placed in a vessel and used with a rod prepared respectively of iron, copper and gold. The other materials may be, however, used with discretion by an experienced physician.
The word in the text shows that a rod of gold may also be used with benefit - Dallana.
and of lachrymation, the eye should be first washed with water, and Pratyanjana should then be used in accordance with the nature of the specific deranged bodily Dosha or Doshas underlying in each case. 34.
The application of
Anjanas is prohibited in cases of persons suffering from fever, Udavarta, and the diseases of the head and during fits of anger, grief, fear, weeping and intoxication, as well as in cases of the retention of stool and urine, in as much as it might produce (in these cases) lachiymation, Sula (aching pain), redness, pain, blindness (Timira), swelling in the locality, as well as giddiness. An application of the Anjana in a case of insomnia might be followed by the loss of the eyesight*. The application of an Anjana in a windy day may impair the eye-sight. Application to the eyes affected with dust or smoke, may bring on redness, Adhimantha (Ophthalmia) and local secretion. Applied after the use of an errhine (Nasya) it may usher in an aching pain and swelling in the eyes. It leads to the aggravation of the disease, if applied in any disease of the head. The application of an Anjana would be abortive, nay, it would rather aggravate the Dosha, if applied before sun-rise, after a bath, or in a very cold day, owing to the fixedness of the deranged bodily Dosha. Similarly, the application of an Anjana would fail to produce any effect in a case of indigestion, owing to the sluggish condition of the internal passages of the body (during the continuance of the disease).
In some editions there is an additional text -
which supplies a complete verb and makes the sense complete. The line means - the application of an Anjana in a forbidden case produces loss of sleep (insomnia) in addition (to redness, pain etc, mentioned in the preceding line).
The application of an Anjana in an aggravated stage of the deranged bodily Doshas, ushers in the distressing symptoms peculiar to each of them. Hence, the application of an Anjana should be carefully made in such a manner as not to induce any of the aforesaid evils, and these rules should be specially observed in connection with a Lekhana-Anjana. These distressing symptoms should be treated with washes (lotions), As'chyotana, plasters, Dhuma (fumigation), Nasya and Kavala (gurgle) with due regard to the specific nature of the deranged bodily Dosha or Doshas involved in each case. 35 - 36.
Symptoms of satisfactory, excessive and deficient use of a Lekhana-
Anjana: - Lightness, whiteness and pristine clearness of the eye, marked by the improved power of vision and absence of secretion and all other distressing symptoms, are the indications which point to the fact that the eye has been satisfactorily purged of the accumulated Doshas (by the proper application of a Lekhana Anjana). An excessive purging of the eye (by the excessive use of a Lekhana Anjana) begets such local evils as the deep discolouration of the external coat of the eye, its sense of looseness in the socket, lachrymation, archedncss of the organ and a sense of constant dryness in its cavity. The medical treatment in such instances consists in the employment of soothing (Santarpana) and other Vayu-subduing remedies. An insufficient or deficient application of the Lekhana Anjana leads to the aggravation of the local deranged bodily Dosha which should be fully secreted out by employing medicinal errhines, Anjana and local fumigation. 37 - 39.
Symptoms of satisfactory, excessive and deficient use of Prasadana