Cotton Wool

Applied to blistered surfaces, and in burns and scalds; also to wounds, to protect them from the irritating effects of the atmosphere.


Vermifuge; but has little effect on the horse.

Cream of Tartar

Cooling, laxative, and diuretic. Seldom given alone; but combined with antimonials, mercurials, or sulphur, as an alterative in skin diseases: and used as an adjunct to aloes in purging balls. Cattle require 2 to 3 oz.; when given in larger doses it should be given in plenty of warm water. Sheep require 1/2 oz. to 1 oz. Dogs, 0 to 20 grains.


Tonic, stimulant, and antiseptic. Dose, 20 to 30 drops daily, in gruel or linseed tea, in glanders. Externally in lotions and ointments, to fistulous wounds, unhealthy ulcers, etc.

Crocus of Antimony

See Antimony, Liver of.

Croton Seeds and Oil

Purgative. The oil produces great irritation in the horse. Dose, about 20 drops: 30 drops have proved fatal. The powdered seeds and the meal or ground cake left after expressing the oil, are also ued; 3 gr. of the former and 5 of the latter being considered equivalent to 1 dr. of aloes. It operates with less certainty, and produces more debility, than aloes, but is sometimes preferred on account of its more speedy action. It is usually given in the form of a ball, 20 or 30 gr. being mixed with 1 oz. linseed meal. Mr. Norton gives from 12 to 24 grains of the seed. Mr. Youatt prescribes 30 grains of the powdered seeds in a drink, in tetanus and brain fever, followed by smaller doses (10 gr.) every 6 hours. It will purge rapidly when placed upon the tongue, but is then likely to inflame the mouth. From 10 to 20 gr. are sometimes added to salts in purging drenches for cattle, in extreme cases. One drop of the oil purges a dog freely.

Cummin Seed

A warm carminative. Dose, from 1 to 4 dr. of the powdered seeds; or from 6 to 20 drops of the oil.

Cusparia, or Angustura Bark

An aromatic bitter tonic. Dose, 1 to 4 dr. in debility, diabetes, diarrhoea, etc.

Cusso, Kousso

The flowering panicles of Brayera anthel-mintica. Given for worms, especially for tapeworm. The dose for a horse is from 1/2 to 1 pound. For a dog, from 2 to 6 drachms.

Cyanide of Potassium

It possesses the same poisonous and medicinal properties as prussic acid. Mr. Lafore has given it with success in a case of idiopathic tetanus of the horse; but it failed to cure traumatic tetanus. Dose, 4 gr.

Daffy's Elixir

Sometimes given in colic or gripes.

Dalby's Carminative

Given to calves in diarrhoea. Dose, 1/2 a bottle.

Detergents or Detersives

Remedies which cleanse foul ulcers.


A compound powder, reputed cordial and stomachic. Too much of what is sold in the shops is almost worthless. Dose, 1/2 oz. to 1 oz.


Medicines which promote perspiration.


Mildly stimulating applications, which excite healthy action in indolent ulcers, wounds, etc.


Fox-glove. Sedative and diuretic. It reduces the frequency of the pulse and diminishes irritability. It is poisonous to animals generally; 6 gr. will kill a dog. It is asserted, however, that it produces no effect on poultry. The common dose of the powdered leaves for a horse, is from 10 to 30 gr. Mr. Youatt prescribes 60 gr., with emetic tartar and nitre, in inflammation of the chest; but its effect on the pulse must be carefully watched. To cattle, 1/2 dr. to 1 dr. Sheep, 5 to 15 gr. Dogs, 1 to 2 gr. An infusion of the leaves is applied to inflamed eyes.