Spirit of Sal Volatile

This also owes its pungency to ammonia. Dose, 1/2 oz.

Ardent Spirits

Brandy, gin, and rum are given as stimulants and antispasmodics, especially in colic. Dose, from 2 to 4 or 5 oz. with warm water. Rectified spirit of wine may be given in the same way, in smaller doses (1 to 2 oz.); but is more commonly employed for making tinctures; and externally in lotions.

Spirit of Mindererus

See Acetate of Ammonia Solution.

Sweet Spirit of Nitre

Spirit of Nitrous Ether. Diuretic, diaphoretic, and antispasmodic. Dose for horses, in fever, 1/2 oz., 3 times a day. In colic, from 1/2 oz. to 2 oz. Cattle, 1/2 oz. to 1 oz. in low fevers. Sheep, 1 dr. Dog, from 10 to 20 drops.

Squill

A stimulating expectorant. Dose for a horse, 1 dr.; for cattle, 1 1/2 to 2 dr. It is also applied in frictions to the abdomen. Moiroud has seen it remove ascites.

Starch

Demulcent. Chiefly used in clysters, but sometimes also in drinks. Dose, 1 to 2 oz., rubbed smooth with a little cold water, and then boiled in 3 or 4 pints of water. It is occasionally used in fomentations.

Stavesacre Seeds

Poisonous. 2 dr. will destroy a horse. Only used outwardly to destroy vermin, either powdered and mixed with grease, or infused in vinegar.

Salt of Steel

See Iron, Sulphate of. For the other preparations (so called) of steel, see Iron.

Stimulants

See Excitants. Diffusible stimulants are those which produce a sudden and temporary excitement of the circulation and of the nervous system.

Stomachics

Medicines which invigorate the stomach and promote digestion.

Stoppings

Compositions employed to keep the feet moist and supple. The term is also applied to mechanical plugs for the feet when they are dry and diseased, as cow-dung, clay, tar, etc.

Storax

Balsamic and expectorant. Dose, 1/4 oz. Rarely used.

Strychnia

The active principle of nux vomica: chiefly used in paralysis. Dose, 1 to 3 grains; to be very cautiously increased if necessary: 15 grains have proved fatal. Dose for the dog, l-16th to l-8th of a grain.

Styptics, Astringent applications employed locally to stop bleeding.

Corrosive Sublimate

Perchloride of Mercury. See Corrosive Sublimate.

Sugar, Syrup, and Treacle

These are used to sweeten drinks; and to give form to balls and other compounds.

Sugar of Lead

See Lead, Acetate of.

Sulphate of Copper

Blue Stone. See Copper, Sulphate of.

Sulphate of Iron

See Iron, Sulphate of.

Sulphate of Magnesia

See Epsom Salts.

Sulphate of Potash

Purgative; but seldom used. Dose, 2 to 4 ounces, in colic, etc.

Sulphate of Quinine

Tonic. Dose, 1/2 dr. to 1 dr.

Sulphate of Soda

See Glauber's Salt.

Sulphate of Zinc

White Vitriol. See Zinc, Sulphate of.

Sulphur, or Brimstone

It is in 3 forms - roll brimstone, flowers of sulphur, and black brimstone or sulphur vivum. The flowers are generally used. The black is very impure, and sometimes contains arsenic. Sulphur is laxative, alterative, and pectoral. Dose, to horses, as an alterative in skin diseases, grease, want of condition, etc, 1 oz. As a laxative, 4 or 5 oz., but it is rarely employed with this view, and very large doses are not always safe. To cattle, as a laxative, 6 or 8 oz. Sheep, 2 or 3 oz. Dogs, 1 dr. in milk. Swine, 2 dr. It is used outwardly in ointments, for mange in all animals. As an alterative it is usually combined with antimonials and nitre.