Ethiops Mineral

The mildest of the mercurial compounds. Alterative and vermifuge. Dose, 2 to 4 dr. daily in farcy, glanders, grease, skin diseases, and worms; given alone, or with cream of tartar. For cattle, 1 dr.; swine, 3 to 10 gr.; dogs, 5 gr. in mange. With an equal weight of prepared antimony it forms Antimonial Ethiops - a more efficient preparation.


Very acrid and poisonous. Used in blisters, chiefly to economise the more expensive flies; but irritates extremely. It is applied in the form of tincture and ointment as a local stimulant.


Medicines which quicken the circulation, produce warmth, and render the organs more active.

Fennel Seeds

A weak carminative and diuretic. Dose, 1/2 oz. to 2 oz. Fern. Powdered male fern is given in doses of 6 dr., followed by a mercurial purgative, for expelling worms. M. Moiroud carries the dose to 2 oz.; or 5 or 6 dr. for smaller animals.

Fenugreek Seeds

Emollient, nutritive, and stomachic. Dose, 1 oz. daily, to promote condition in horses, and in diseases of the chest. It is also added to the food of swine to promote their fattening. Used also externally in fomentations.

Forge Water

The water of the blacksmith's shop is sometimes given as a tonic, or applied as a wash to ulcerated and cankered mouth. Foxglove. See Digitalis.

Galangal Root

A warm aromatic, similar in properties to ginger. Dose, 1/2 oz. of the powder, or 1 oz. in infusion.


Stimulant, expectorant, and antispasmodic. Dose, 2 to 4 dr. But rarely used, Assafoetida being stronger and cheaper. Gall Nuts. Astringent; in diarrhoea. Dose of the powder for horses and cattle, 2 to 4 dr.; calves, 1/2 dr. to 1 dr.; dogs, 4 to 8 gr.


A drastic purgative. The dose for a horse is said to be from 2 to 6 dr., bnt its purgative effect cannot be depended on, and it gripes. 3 dr. have been known to cause great prostration, and the horse being killed, marks of intense inflammation were found in its stomach and bowels. It is a bad medicine for herbivorous animals. 2 dr. are sometimes added to salts and other purgatives for cattle. Sheep have been killed by 2 dr. A few grains are given to dogs to destroy and expel worms.


A stimulating expectorant. Dose, 1 oz. in chronic coughs and asthmatic complaints, made into balls with liquorice powder; or boiled in milk. It is a common remedy for coughs and chest affections in all domestic animals. It is also reputed vermifuge. For the roup in fowls it is given in doses of 5 gr.

Gentian Root

Tonic and stomachic; in debility, after severe illness, etc. Dose for a horse, 2, 3, or 4 dr. of the powder; or from 1/2 dr. to 1 dr. of the extract. (See Vet. Formulary, Tonic Balls.) Cattle, 2 to 4 dr. or more. Sheep, 20 to 60 gr. Generally joined with ginger. An infusion is recommended as a wash to ulcers.


Stimulant and carminative; a general ingredient in cordial and tonic medicines. Dose, 1 to 3 dr., or in flatulent colic 2 to 6 dr. Cattle, 2 to 6 dr. Calves, 20 to 30 gr. Sheep, 30 to 60 gr. The smaller of the above doses may be added to all aperient medicines. It is also used as a masticatory. Dose of the tincture, 1/2 oz. to 2 oz.