Chloral Hydrate

Hydrate of Chloral. In excessive doses it acts as a narcotic poison. In medicinal doses it is sedative and antispasmodic. It is said to possess the good, but none of the objeetional properties of opium. The dose for the horse is from 1/4 to 1/2 an ounce; cattle, 1/4 to 1 ounce; sheep, 1 to 2 drachms; pig, 1 to 2 drachms; Dog, 10 to 30 grains.

Chlorate of Potash

Mr. Morton 'states that Mr. Symonds found it useful in hoven and tympanitis. Dose, 1 to 2 dr.

Chloride of Lime

Antiseptic and disinfectant. From 2 to 4 dr. in a quart of water, given to horses in flatulent colic, and to cattle in hoven; and in putrescent diseases. Externally, as a wash for mange, foul ulcers, etc, and as a disinfectant, 1/2 oz. to be well mixed with a pint of water, and after a time decanted or strained. Mixed with linseed meal it is applied in the form of a poultice to unhealthy wounds and ulcers.

Chloride of Potash

Eau, de Javelle. Recommended by French authors, for the same purposes as the chlorides of lime and soda. Dose, for hoven or tympanitis, 1/2 oz to 1 oz.; for sheep, 1/4 oz., in water, with or without the addition of ether.

Chloride of Soda

Labarraque's Disinfectant Solution. The properties and uses are the same as of chloride of lime; it is perhaps better adapted for internal use. Dose, 2 to 4 dr. of the solution, gradually increased to 1 oz. or more, largely diluted. It has been tried in glanders. As a lotion, about 1 oz. to a pint of water.

Chlorine

Antiseptic. A strong watery solution of chlorine gas is antiseptic - in large doses poisonous. It is used for the same purposes as the chlorides of lime, potash, and soda, but the latter are preferable.

Chloride of Antimony

See Antimony, Butter of.

Chloride of Zinc

It is a powerful caustic. A diluted solution is used as a disinfectant.

Chloroform

Used to produce insensibility to pain in the same manner as ether; and as a remedy for tetanus. Mixed with spirit it forms the spirit of chloroform of the B.P., and as such is given as an antispasmodic.

Cinchona

See Bark, Peruvian.

Cinnabar and Vermilion

Native, and factitious red sul-phuret or sulphide of mercury. Alterative and vermifuge? Dose, 1/2 oz. daily to horses, in skin diseases and obstinate coughs. Formerly given in large doses, as a vermifuge. Cinnabar of Antimony, so called from the mode of preparation, docs not differ from common vermilion in its properties. Care must be taken to get pure vermilion, as this compound, being used as a pigment, is sometimes adulterated with red lead and other poisonous matters.

Cinnamon

Stimulant and carminative. Dose, 2 dr. Cassia is usually substituted for it.

Cloves

A hot stimulant, cordial and carminative. Dose, 1 to 3 drachms in powder; or from 10 to 20 drops of the oil; the latter is a frequent adjunct to purging balls, to prevent griping. Cloves are also an ingredient in masticatories.

Clysters

These are injected into the rectum by a proper syringe, or a bladder and a pipe, either to unload the bowels, abate inflammation and pain, or to act on the system generally, when medicines cannot be given by the mouth. See Vet. Formulary.