Parquetry or wood floors of pine or yellow deal are preferable to those made of teak wood, affording a better grip for the feet and not becoming slippery so rapidly. Projecting portions of tool cabinets placed round the walls should be avoided; a good plan is to fit pieces between the tool cabinets at an angle of 450 with the wall and floor lines, thus avoiding accumulation of dust in corners and rendering sweeping and cleaning much easier than would otherwise be the case.
The particular design and arrangement of these of course varies according to conditions, but the examples illustrated will serve as first suggestions which can be adapted to other requirements. That illustrated in Fig. 2 is designed to serve for both junior pupils and evening students in technical work. The material is white wood, painted to harmonise with the wall treatment. The arrangement of the tools will be apparent from the diagram, a set of small planes for juniors and a set of large planes for seniors. All other tools, comprising gauges, saws, square, chisels, etc., are for common use. The arrangement shown has the advantage of being readily examined by the instructor before the students are allowed to leave the workshop. A cupboard is provided for storing models or exercises belonging to various sections. A complete list of tools for this cabinet is as follows:-
14 in. tenon saw.
8 in. dovetail saw.
Large trying plane.
Small trying plane.
1/4 and 3/8 in. mortise chisels.
1, 3/4.1/2,3/8, 1/4 in.firmer chisels.
Large trying plane. Small trying plane. Large jack plane. Small jack plane. Smoothing plane. Rasp and file. Marking gauge. Mortise gauge.
6 in. try square.
Dividers, 6 in.
12 in. rule.
Fig. 2.-Suggestion for tool cabinet accommodating large and small sets of tools for junior and senior students.
The small cabinet illustrated in Fig. 3 indicates a suitable arrangement for a handcraft outfit only, and is intended to be hung on the back of a bench when not in actual use. Upon the commencement of a class these racks are transferred to the students' benches and remain there during the lesson. They may be checked by the instructor after class is finished. A plan shows the arrangement and position of tools allowed to each rack as follows:-
A small tenon or shoulder saw and a dovetail saw are attached to the front as shown, and a 12 in. iron rule is hung on the back part. All extra tools are stored in the cupboards and are issued as occasion demands. L. in plan of workshop indicates a continuous arrangement of tool cabinets, a decided advantage when sweeping, as no inaccessible corners have to be negotiated.
An Oilstone Table (Fig. 4) should be provided, as shown in plan, made about 4 ft. long with the top lined with 1/8 in. zinc. All sharpening by pupils should be effected on this table, which obviates the disposal of oil upon the benches, and also reduces the number of oilstones required. With thirty pupils not more than five oilstones are necessary.
A Circular Saw for the instructor or student teacher would be best placed in the timber store, and operated either by foot or a small 1/2 horse-power motor. It is especially useful in the preparation of material for large classes. A locking arrangement is advisable in order to prevent tampering.
Fig. 3.-A small tool cabinet for the use of handcraft pupils.
A. marking knife.
B. marking gauge.
C. 6 in. try square.
D. | in. chisel.
E. 1/2 in. chisel.
F. 1/4 in. chisel.
H. 1 in. chisel. I. 3/4 in chisel. J. 3/8 in. chisel.
The Grindstone (Fig. 5) is the type best suited to handcraft work. The method of operating same will be evident from the illustration. The chisel is secured in a rack or falling frame, and a straight bevel can easily be obtained by a young boy. It also reduces the chance of accident to a minimum.
A Glue-pot Stand is shown in plan, consisting of bar iron riveted together with rings at the top. Each ring has a gas tap attached, and a master tap governing all the rings is also fixed above the connexion to gas pipe.
The Lathe, illustrated in Fig. 22 (26), is suitable for small work in a handcraft centre for demonstration purposes, and also for the execution of simple turned work. The length is 4 ft., and includes two slide rests and a centre faceplate for flat work. A motor should be attached if turned work is done to any extent.
Fig. 4.-An oilstone table with zinc-lined top.
A Bench of German manufacture is illustrated in Fig. 6 (1), provided with wooden screws and iron stops. It can also be obtained with iron screws and handles, and these are an advantage in scholastic work, wooden screws being so frequently broken. A double bench is shown in Fig. 7, but its use is not recommended.