Alexander Johnston

Alexander Johnston, a Scottish painter, born in Edinburgh in 181.6. He early became known chiefly in Scotch genre painting and smaller pictures. His more elaborate work, "Lord and Lady Russell receiving the Sacrament in Prison" (1846), is in the Vernon gallery, and his subsequent productions include " Melanch-thon surprised by a French Traveller while rocking the Cradle of his Child" (1854) and "Tyndal translating the Bible" (1855). His "Introduction of Flora Macdonald to Prince Charlie " was exhibited at Paris in 1855. Many of his pictures have been engraved.

Alexander Keith

Alexander Keith, a British author, born at Keith Hall, Aberdeenshire, in 1791. He was educated in Scotland, and was a minister of the established church of Scotland, and after 1843 of the Free church, till ill health compelled his retirement from the pulpit. His principal work, "Evidences of the Truth of the Christian Religion, derived from the Literal Fulfilments of Prophecy" (Edinburgh, 1823), became a text book, passed through numerous editions, and has been translated into foreign languages; the later editions embody his personal investigations in the Holy Land.

Alexander Labanoff De Rostov

Alexander Labanoff De Rostov, prince, a Russian author, born in 1788. He was aide-decamp to Alexander I. and Nicholas from 1813 to 1828, when he retired with the rank of major general. He published numerous works based on official documents relating to Mary Stuart, the principal being Lettres, instructions et me-moires de Marie Stuart, reine d'Ecosse (7 vols., Paris, 1844, and a supplementary volume), which are regarded as the most authentic authority on the subject. He presented his valuable library to the government.

Alexander Martin

Alexander Martin, an American soldier, born in New Jersey about 1740, died in Dan-bury, N. C, in November, 1807. He graduated at the college of New Jersey in 1756, and removed in 1772 to Guilford co., N. C., became a member of the colonial assembly, and in 1770 was appointed colonel of a regiment of the continental line, with which he fought at Brandywine and Germantown. He was state senator from 1779 to 1782, and in 1785, 1787, and 1788, and was speaker of the senate, and as such acting governor, in 1781-2. In 1782 he was elected governor, and again in 1780, having in the interval been a member of the convention which framed the federal constitution; and from 1793 to 1799 he was United States senator from North Carolina.

Alexander Mcdougall

Alexander Mcdougall, an American soldier, born in Scotland in 1731, died in New York, June 8, 1786. His father emigrated to New York about 1755, and followed the occupation of a milkman, in which he was assisted by his son. Subsequently the latter became a printer, and in 1770 was imprisoned for a libel on the colonial government. At the outbreak of the revolution, being known as a zealous and active whig, he joined the army, and rapidly rose to the rank of major general. He commanded in the action near White Plains (1776), and also participated in the battle of Germantown (1777). In 1781 he was elected a delegate to the continental congress.