Benjamin Jowett

Benjamin Jowett, an English clergyman and critic, born at Camberwell in 1817. He was educated at St. Paul's school, elected scholar of Balliol college, Oxford, in 1835, and fellow three years later. He became tutor in his college in 1842, was very successful as an educator, and was appointed regius professor of Greek in the university in 1855, and master of Balliol college in 1870. He published a "Commentary on the Epistles of St. Paul to the Thessalonians, Galatians, and Romans" (2 vols., 1855), and contributed to the "Essays and Reviews " a paper " On the Inspiration of Scripture." His principal work is " The Dialogues of Plato, translated into English, with Analyses and Introductions " (4 vols., 1871).

Benjamin Russell

Benjamin Russell, an American journalist, born in Boston, Mass., Sept. 13, 1761, died there, Jan. 4, 1845. He was apprenticed at 14 years of age to Isaiah Thomas at Worcester, Mass., but before completing his term enlisted in the revolutionary army. He settled in Boston, and in March, 1784, established the "Columbian Centinel," a semi-weekly newspaper, which under his control was for 40 years one of the most influential organs of the federal party in New England.

Benjamin Thompson

See Rumford.

Benjamin Thorpe

Benjamin Thorpe, an English philologist, born about 1808, died at Chiswick, July 18, 1870. He devoted himself to the study of Anglo-Saxon, translated the Anglo-Saxon grammar of Rask, superintended a series of editions of Anglo-Saxon works, including the metrical paraphrase of the Bible by Caedmon (1832), and published Analecta Anglo-Saxon ica (1834); "The Anglo-Saxon Version of the Story of Apollonius" (1834); Libri Psalmorum Versio Antiqua Latina, cum Paraphrasi Anglo-Sax-onica (1835); the great collection entitled " Ancient Laws and Institutes of England, with a Compendious Glossary," etc. (1840); Codex Exonieiuis (1842); " Northern Mythology " (3 vols., 1851-'3), a critical collection of the legends of Scandinavia and northern Germany; " The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle " (2 vols. 8vo, 1861); and Diplomaticum Anglicum AEvi Sax-onici, a collection of English charters (1865).

Benjamin Trumbull

Benjamin Trumbull, an American clergyman, born in Hebron, Conn., Dec. 19, 1735, died in North Haven, Conn., Feb. 2,1820. He graduated at Yale college in 1759, and in 1760 became pastor of the Congregational church at North Haven. He served in the revolution both as a chaplain and a soldier. He published "A Plea in Vindication of the Connecticut Title to the contested [Western] Lands" (anonymous, 1776); "Twelve Discourses on the Divine Origin of the Scriptures" (12mo, 1790); a "Complete History of Connecticut, 1630-1764" (2 vols. 8vo, 1797 and 1818); and a "History of the United States" (vol. i., 1810, unfinished).

Benjamin Ward Richardson

Benjamin Ward Richardson, an English physician, born at Somerby, Leicestershire, Oct. 31, 1828. He took his degree in 1854 at the university of St. Andrews, became a member of the royal college of physicians in 1856, and gained the Astley Cooper prize of £300 for his treatise on the coagulation of the blood, and the Fothergilian gold medal for his disquisition on the diseases of the foetus. He was the first to employ ether spray for local pain (1866), and in 1867 he introduced methylene bichloride as a general anaesthetic. He has published "Discourses on Practical Physic," and many monograms in periodicals, and edited the "Journal of Public Health," founded by him, and the "Social Science Review".