Cape Fimsterre (Lat. Finis Terra), a lofty headland, the most W. point of Spain, in the province of Corufia, extending from a small peninsula S. W. into the Atlantic in lat. 42° 54' N., Ion. 9° 21' W. It has given its name to two battles fought in its neighborhood between the French and English, the first in 1747, and the second in 1805; both resulted in victories for the English.
Cape Frio, a promontory of Brazil, 80 m. E. of Rio de Janeiro, in lat. 23° 1' S., Ion. 41° 58' W. It rises to a height of 1,570 ft. above the sea, and is formed of a rugged and picturesque . mass of granite. A lighthouse stands upon it. The port of Cabo Frio is 8 m. N. N. W. of the cape.
Cape Gata (Sp. el cabo de Gata; often called Cape de Gatte), a promontory of Spain, bounding the E. extremity of the bay of Almeria, on the coast of Granada, and consisting of rocks about 24 m. in circuit and 13 in. broad. The most celebrated of them, 15 m. S. E. of the city of Almeria, is the ancient Promontorium Chari-demi, the Moorish Kheyran, and is formed of crystals, spars, and agates. In the centre of the promontory are four adjoining hills, and the other parts are locally known as "the port of silver " (el puerto de la plata). The cape was formerly a resort of Moorish pirates. The high winds prevailing here gave rise to the saying among sailors: "At Cape de Gatte take care of your hat".
Cape Gracias A Dios, the N. E. point of Central America, at the mouth of the large river Coco or Segovia, in lat. 15° N., lon. 83 12' W. It was so named by Columbus, when, in his fourth voyage, after beating for many days against head winds and adverse currents, he finally succeeded in turning the angle of the continent, and taking his course southward. There is a harbor near the cape, with but 16 feet of water.
Cape Guardafui, Or Ras Aser(anc. Aromata promontorium), the promontory forming the E. extremity of the mainland of Africa, and the N". E. termination of the territory of Somali, and extending into the Arabian sea S. of the gulf of Aden, in lat. 11o 50' N, Ion. 51° 21' E. It is a continuation of the Sangali mountains, and of the mountain known to the ancients as Elephas. Spices were in ancient times brought from the region near it, and its ancient name was given it on this account.
Cape Hatteras, the easternmost point of North Carolina, projecting from a narrow sandy-beach, separated from the mainland by the broad bay called Pamlico sound; lat. 35° 14' N., Ion. 75° 30' W. S. of the capes of the Delaware, no land stretches so far out into the Atlantic as Cape Hatteras. The Gulf stream, in its E. and W. vibrations, often flows within 20 m. of the cape, crowding coasting vessels bound S., and consequently seeking to avoid the N. E. current, near to the shore. The difference of temperature between the hot airs of the gulf and the breezes along shore and from the land engenders frequent commotions in the atmosphere at this place; and no point on the coast is more noted for its frequent and dangerous storms. There is a lighthouse 1 1/4m from the outermost point.