Charles Du Fresne. See Du Cange.
Charles Edmund Henri De Coussemaker, a French author, born at Bailleul, April 19, 1805. He studied law, held administrative positions at Cambrai, became a judge at Dunkirk, and subsequently removed to Lille, where he devoted himself to archaeology and its relations to music. His residence being near the Belgian frontier, he became a member of the learned societies of that country, chairman of the committee on the study of the Flemish language, and correspondent of the ministry of the interior on historical matters. Among his works are: Histoire de l'harmonie au moyen age (1852); Chants populaires des Flamands de France (Ghent, 1856); Drames liturgiques au moyen age (Rennes, 1860); Les harmonistes des XIIe et XlIIe siecles (Lille, 1864); Traites inedits sur la musique au moyen age (1865); and Scriptorum de Musica Medii Aeki nova Series (1865-'7).
Charles Edward Dudley, an American senator, born at Johnson Hall, Staffordshire, England, May 23, 1780, died in Albany, N. Y., Jan. 23, 1841. After the death of his father he came with his mother to Newport, R. I., in 1784. He entered into trade in that town, and made at least one voyage to the East Indies-as supercargo. He subsequently removed to New York, where in July, 1809, he married Blandina, daughter of Rutgers Bleecker. Two years later he removed to Albany. He was elected state senator for three successive terms in 1820-'25, mayor of the city in 1821 and 1828, and in 1829 United States senator to serve out the unexpired term of Martin Van Buren. He was particularly fond of astronomical science, and his widow contributed $70,000 to the erection and endowment of the Dudley observatory. (See Albany.)
Charles Ernest Rodolphe Henri Lehmann, a French painter, of German origin, born in Kiel, Holstein, April 14,.1814. He studied under his father and under Ingres in Paris. He exhibited a religious picture in 1835, followed by many other works, among which are portraits and mural paintings for the hotel de ville and other public buildings. His pictures are valued for their fine coloring and expression. In 18G4 he became a member of the academy of fine arts. - His brother Rodolphe (born in 1819), who resides in Rome, excels in Italian genre pictures and landscapes.
Charles Etienne Jordan, a French author, born in Berlin, Aug. 27, 1700, died there, May 14, 1745. He belonged to a French Protestant family and became a clergyman. After the death of his wife in 1732 he travelled for some years; and in 1736 he became a literary assistant of the crown prince of Prussia, who on his accession as Frederick II. (1740) made him privy councillor and curator of the national academies. He was the king's inseparable companion. Carlyle in his "History of Frederick the Great" makes many references to Jordan's intimate relations with the king, and to his gossiping letters to him, which are included in vol. x. of his posthumous correspondence; but Carlyle ridicules Jordan's Histoire d'un voyage litteraire en 1733 en France, An-gleterre et Hollande, because it "awakens a kind of tragic feeling, being itself dead, and treating of matters which are all gone dead."