Charlottesville, a town of Virginia, capital of Albemarle co., on Moore's creek, 2 m. above its entrance into Rivanna river, and 65 m. N. W. of Richmond; pop. in 1870, 2,838, of whom 1,473 were colored. It is on the Orange, Alexandria, and Manassas, and the Chesapeake and Ohio railroads. It is the seat of the university of Virginia, an institution planned by Thomas Jefferson, founded in 1810, and whose buildings were erected at an expense of over $200,000. (See Virginia, University of.) A tri-weekly and two weekly newspapers are published here.
Charlton, a S. E. county of Georgia, bounded N. E. by the Satilla river, and separated from Florida on the S. E., S., and S. W. by St. Mary's river; area, 1,000 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 1,897, of whom 401 were colored. Okefenoke swamp occupies the W. part. The surface is level and sandy. Tar and turpentine are manufactured. The chief productions in 1870 were 23,250 bushels of Indian corn, 3,474 of oats, 18,008 of sweet potatoes, 16,110 lbs. of rice, and 118 bales of cotton. There were 228 horses, 2,044 milch cows, 4,737 other cattle, and 6,075 swine. Capital, Trader's Hill.
Charter Party, the name given to a contract by which the owner of a vessel lets the whole or a part thereof to another person, called the charterer, for the conveyance of goods. The charterer either hires the vessel for a cargo to be provided by him and carried by the owner, in which case the owner will provide, victual, and pay the captain and crew; or the contract may give him possession thereof for the voyage, with the usual rights and liabilities accompanying possession. It is implied in the contract that contraband goods are not to be taken on board, thereby rendering the vessel liable to seizure.
Chartier Alain a French writer, born in Ba-yeux toward the close of the 14th century, died probably in Avignon in or after 1449. He completed his education at the university of Paris, and was intrusted with several missions during the latter part of the reign of Charles VI., and afterward was attached to Charles VII. in various capacities. Although he had not taken holy orders, he received a prebend and archdea-conship in the cathedral of Paris. Among his principal works may be mentioned Le litre des quatre dames; Le quadrilogue invectif, a kind of colloquy between France, the people, the nobility, and the clergy; and L'Esperance, ou consolation des trois vertus, written in 1428. He was called by his contemporaries the father of French eloquence.
Chartularies, in the ancient Latin church, record books of the various monasteries, convents, and other religious and ecclesiastical foundations. Anterior to the 10th century, the pope ordered them to be kept. Their contents relate to the possessions, rents, endowments, and other temporalities of the church. - Chartulary, or Chartularius, is the title of the keeper of charters and public documents. He also presided in ecclesiastical courts. In the Greek church, the word charlophylax is used to designate an officer of the same class, but more comprehensive functions.