Eupolis, one of the six Greek comic poets whom the grammarians of the school of Alexandria judged worthy of a place in their canon, born about 446, died about 411 B. C. He belonged to the old comedy, was a disciple of Cratinus, and composed 17 pieces, seven of which were crowned. He was reputed superior to Aristophanes in elegance, and in bitter and personal jests was the rival of Cratinus. Among the objects of his satire were Alcibiades and Socrates, the former of whom, according to one report, exasperated by his attacks, threw him into the sea, where he was drowned. He is also said, with more probability, to have been killed in battle during the Peloponnesian war. The fragments of his plays have been edited by Runkel (Leipsic, 1829), and are contained in Meineke's Frag-menta Poetarum Comicorum Groecorum (Berlin, 1839-'47).
Euripus, the narrowest part of the channel separating the island of Euboea, in the Grecian archipelago, from the coast of Boeotia. Its width, opposite the town of Chalcis, is 200 ft., and its average depth from 7 to 8 ft. In the channel is a rocky islet, on which is a small square castle, partly of Venetian and partly of Turkish construction, connected by bridges with both shores. It is under this double bridge, which was built originally in the 21st year of the Peloponnesian war, that the extraordinary changes of current, noted by both ancient and modern writers, take place. These irregularities of the tide are probably caused by the windings of the gulf N. and S. of the strait. In the middle ages Euripus was corrupted into Egripo, which afterward became Egripo-ponte, and finally Negroponte, its more modern appellation. With other important points in Greece it has lately resumed its ancient name.
Europa, in mythology, according to the Iliad, a daughter of Phoenix, mother of Minos and Rhadamanthus by Zeus, who, disguised as a white bull, bore her upon his back across the sea from Phoenicia to Crete. Hegesippus says there were three Europas : one a daughter of Oceanus, another a Phoenician princess, the daughter of Agenor, and the third a Thracian, in search of whom Cadmus left Asia. He derives the name of Europe from the last, Hippias and Andron from the first, and Herodotus from the second.
Eurotas, the ancient name of a river of Greece, in Laconia, which rises in the mountains on the borders of Arcadia, about lat. 37° 15' N., Ion. 22° 15' E., and, pursuing a general S. E. course, between the mountain ranges of Taygetus (now Pentedactylo) and Parnon (Ma-levo), empties into the gulf of Laconia. Its only tributary of consequence is the (Enus (Kelesina), which joins it about a mile above the site of ancient Sparta. The Spartans rendered to the Eurotas divine honors. In modern times it has borne the names of Iri and Vasili.