John Bascom

John Bascom, an American scholar and author, born at Genoa, N. Y., May 1, 1827. He is a graduate of Williams college and of An-dover theological seminary, and has been since 1855 professor of rhetoric in the former institution. He has published a treatise on "Political Economy" (1861); "Treatise on AEsthetics " (1862); " Text Book of Rhetoric " (1865); "Elements of Psychology" (1869); and "Science, Philosophy, and Religion " (1871), a series of lectures delivered before the Lowell institute, Boston, in the winter of 1869-'70.

John Baskerville

John Baskerville, an English printer and type founder, born in 1706, died in Birmingham, Jan. 8, 1775. Previous to becoming a type founder he was a writing master, a tombstone cutter, and a successful japanner. He greatly improved type founding and the quality of printing ink. His printing has a rich purple-black hue, supposed to be made by subjecting each sheet as it came from the press to pressure between heated copper plates. He retired in 1765, but his press continued to be highly esteemed in Birmingham until the Priestley riots of 1791, when the mob destroyed the printing office. His remains were removed in 1821 to Christ church.

John Belton Oneall

John Belton O'Neall, an American jurist, born on Bush river, S. C, April 10, 1793, died near Newberry, Dec. 27, 1863. He graduated at the South Carolina college in 1812, served for a time in the war with England, was admitted to the bar in 1814, and soon gained a large practice. In 1816, '22, '24, and '26 he was a member of the legislature. In 1850 he became president of the court of law appeals and of the court of errors, and subsequently chief justice of the state. In 1852 he was installed as the head of the sons of temperance of North America. He published a "Digest of the Negro Law of South Carolina" (1848), "Annals of Newberry" (1858), and "Biographical Sketches of the Bench and Bar of South Carolina" (2 vols., 1859).

John Bird Sumner

John Bird Sumner, an English clergyman, born at Kenilworth, Warwickshire, in 1780, died in London, Sept. 6, 1862. He graduated at Cambridge, and in 1820 became canon of Durham, in 1828 bishop of Chester, and in 1848 archbishop of Canterbury. He was a leader 'of the evangelical school in the church of England, and while he was primate of England occurred the controversy about the work entitled "Essays and Reviews," and also the revival of the synodical power of the convocations. He published an essay on " Apostolical Preaching " (London, 1815); "The Records, of Creation" (2 vols., 1816), which won the second Burnet prize of £400; "Evidences of Christianity" (1824); and a volume of selections entitled "Practical Reflections" (1859).

John Blair

John Blair, a Scottish chronologist and geographer, born in Edinburgh, died June 24, 1782. He early removed to London, and in 1754 published his "Chronological History of the World, from the Creation to A. D. 1753." He received several ecclesiastical preferments, was appointed in 1757 chaplain to the princess dowager of Wales, and in 1763 was selected to accompany the duke of York on a tour to the continent.