John Webster, an English dramatist, in the latter part of the 16th and the first half of the 17th century. He was a friend and contemporary of Decker, Drayton, and Middleton, with whom, particularly Decker, he was jointly engaged in the production of plays. His own dramas comprise "The White Devil" (1612), "The Duchess of Malfey" (1623), and "Appius and Virginia" (1624). His-works were edited by the Rev. A. Dyce (4 vols., London, 1830), and by W. Hazlitt (4 vols., 1857).
John Wessel, also called Gansfort (Dutch, Goesevort), a theologian classed among the "reformers before the reformation," born in Groningen about 1420, died Oct. 4, 1489. He was successively a resident of Cologne, Louvain, Paris, and Heidelberg, engaged in study or teaching, finally living in retirement in his native country. He regarded Christianity as something entirely spiritual. The Scriptures, in his view, are the living source of all true faith, and the church is based upon a compact. After his death some of his works were burned as heretical; his Farrago Rerum Theologicarum was published with a preface by Luther (Wittenberg, 1522). The best edition of his works is by Lydius (Amsterdam, 1617).
John Whetton Ehxinger, an American artist, born in New York, July 22, 1827. He graduated at Columbia college in 1847, and in 1848 -'9 he was a pupil of Couture in Paris. His first oil painting, "Peter Stuyvesant" (1850), the subject of which was taken from "Knickerbocker's History of New York," was en-graved by the American art union. Among his best works are "Love me, love my Horse," "The Sword," "The Foray," the landscape of which is by Mignot, "Lady Jane Grey," and Ars Celare Artem. He has also produced a series of etchings illustrating Hood's " Bridge of Sighs," published in 1849, another on subjects from Irving's story of "Dolph Heyli-ger " (1850), eight illustrations of Longfellow's "Miles Standish" (1858), and various other works of the kind.
See Rochester, earl of.
John Wolcott, an English satirist, better known as Peter Pindar, born at Dodbroke, Devonshire, in 1738, died Jan. 14, 1819. He studied medicine, and in 1767 went to Jamaica as medical attendant to Sir William Trelawney, the governor. Though an avowed unbeliever, with his patron's promise of a living, he returned to England to be ordained. The living did not fall vacant, and he was forced to accept a small curacy in Jamaica until the governor's death in 1768. He then returned to England, resided in London, ridiculed the royal academy in his "Lyric Odes," and became a professed satirist. His verses brought him a good income, until the government bought his silence by a pension. Collections of his writings appeared between 1789 and 1812.
John Wrottesley, baron, an English astronomer, born at Wrottesley, Staffordshire, Aug. 5, 1798, died there, Oct. 27, 1867. He graduated at Oxford in 1819, and was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1823. He built observatories at Blackheath and Wrottesley, and in 1838 presented to the royal astronomical society a catalogue of the right ascensions of 1,318 stars, for which he received the gold medal of the society. He was chosen president of that society in 1841, and of the royal society in 1854. He succeeded his father in the peerage in 1841. He published " Thoughts on Government and Legislation" (London, 1859).