Kremsier, a town of Moravia, 20 m. S. S. E. of Olmutz, on the March or Morawa, over which there is a chain bridge 70 ft. long; pop. in 1870, 9,823. It is the summer residence of the archbishop of Olmutz, has three churches, a castle with a picture gallery, library, and museum of natural history, a monastery of the Piarists, a gymnasium, and a military institution. From Nov. 15, 1848, to March 7, 1849, the Austrian Reichstag was assembled here.
See India, Religions and Religious Literature of.
Kroo, Or Kru, a negro race on the W. coast of Africa, whose territory extends from Cape Mesurado, on the right shore of the river St. Paul, to St. Andreas, a district generally known as the Pepper coast. According to a legend current among the Mandingos and Foolahs, the Kroos were driven by them out of the interior of central Africa. Their neighbors, the Avek-vom, who extend as far as the river Assinie, are supposed to be ethnologically closely related to them. They are the so-called Kroomen, who are employed as sailors, boatmen, store-men, and sometimes as mechanics, and in whom a traffic is carried on by the factors and shipmasters on the coast. (See Liberia.)
Krotoschin (Pol. Krotoszyn), a town of Prussia, capital of a circle, in the province and 52 m. S. E. of the city of Posen; pop. in 1871, 7,8G6, including over 2,000 Jews. It contains places of worship for Roman Catholics, Protestants, and Jews, and gives title to a mediatized principality which was conferred in 1819 upon Prince Thurn and Taxis, on the relinquishment of a portion of his postal monopoly. The trade in wool is considerable, and cloth, chiccory, tobacco, and other articles are manufactured here.
Kuban, a territory of European Russia, in Ciscaucasia, and in the lieutenancy of Caucasia; area, 36,251 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 672,-224, including nearly 100,000 Mohammedans, the rest being chiefly members of the national church. It is the most populous and extensive region of Ciscaucasia, comprising the territories of the Cossacks in the district (oblast) of Kuban (pop. over 300,000) and in their Transkubanian districts (pop. over 100,000), besides various tracts of land inhabited by different tribes and some almost desert regions on the Black sea. It is divided into several circles, and contains small towns. The Cossacks are under the authority of a lieutenant general. Capital, Yekaterinodar. (See Caucasus.) The principal river is the Kuban, which rises in Circassia at the foot of Mount Elbruz, and after a N., N. W., and W. course of about 500 m. falls into a bay of the Black sea. It has a number of small tributaries, and is navigable only for the smallest craft.
Kumiss, an alcoholic liquor distilled by the Calmuek Tartars from mares' milk as it is undergoing fermentation. It is said that 21 oz. of milk yield 14 oz. of low wines, which by rectification give 6 oz. of pretty strong alcohol. Cows' milk, probably from its containing less saccharine matter, yields much less spirit.