See Black Mountains.
See Artilleuy, vol. i., p. 792.
Mitteo Baschi, an Italian Franciscan, founder of the Capuchins, died in Venice in 1552. He was a Minorite friar of the convent of Mon-tefalcone, when he declared that St. Francis had appeared to him in a vision, and commanded him to introduce into the order the same costume which the saint had worn in life, namely, a robe of flannel, of a chestnut color, tied with a cord for a girdle, a short flannel cloak, and a large hood. Pope Clement VII. accepted the revelation, and gave Baschi and those who wished to imitate him permission to form a separate congregation, which soon took the name of Capuchins (capote, a hood). Baschi met with much opposition from his brethren, and was for a short time imprisoned; but he finally became the first general of the Capuchin branch of the Franciscans.
Mlle Espinasse, de I. See Lespinasse.
(Julie Bernat), a French actress of Jewish parentage, born in Paris, Jan. 29, 1827. She is a remote relation of Bachel Felix, and made her first appearance on the stage in 1842. From 1844 to 1846 she played at the Varietes theatre, her oriental beauty and fine voice contributing to her success, and subsequently at the Theatre Francais, of the society of which she became a member in 1852. In 1859 she married M. Bernard-Derosne, whom she assisted in translations from the English. She afterward left the Theatre Francais and performed at the Gaiete and other theatres. She excels as Charlotte Corday and as Rosine in the Barbier de Seville, and unites tragical power with sprightliness.
Mnsgrave Lewthwaite Watson, an English sculptor, born at Hawkesdale, Cumberland co., in 1804, died in London, Oct. 28, 1847. He went to London in 1824, studied in Rome in 1825-'8, afterward worked under Chantrey, and was employed by New college, Oxford, to execute the statues of Lords Eldon and Stowell, for which Chantrey made the models. He made statues of Flaxman, of Queen Elizabeth (in the royal exchange), of Allan Cunningham, and of Nelson, a Hebe and Iris, and the model for the bass relief of the battle of St. Vincent for the Nelson column in Trafalgar square. A book on his "Life and Works" was written by Henry Lonsdale, M. D. (London, 1866).
See Atha ben Hakem.
Modica, a town of Sicily, in the province and 30 m. S. W. of the city of Syracuse, in a narrow valley surrounded by high rocks; pop. in 1872, 33,169. It has a castle, a technical school, a gymnasium, a beautiful cathedral, and several other notable churches. The inhabitants are mostly engaged in agriculture and in the breeding of horses and mules. A brisk trade is carried on in grain, oil, wine, cheese, and other products. About 4 m. from Modica, in the midst of a stony desert, is the valley of Ipsica, famous for its dwellings excavated in the rocks, supposed to be the work of the original inhabitants of Sicily.