See Ant Lion.
Myrmidones, an ancient Achaean race of Phthiotis in Thessaly. According to the legendary account, they originally came from Aegina, where, at the request of Aeacus, Jupiter changed all the ants (/nvpjur/Keg) of the island into men, who from their origin received the name of Myrmidones. They subsequently followed Peleus into Thessaly, and accompanied his son Achilles in the expedition against Troy. Other legends make them the descendants of Myrmidon, a son of Jupiter and Eurymedusa, whom the god deceived in the disguise of an! ant. They do not appear in authentic history. From them is derived the word mvrmidons, designating a band of rough soldiers or ruffianly marauders devoted to the will of a leader.
Myron, a Greek sculptor, born in Eleuthe-rae, Boeotia, about 480 B. C. Besides representing the human figure in difficult attitudes, he modelled animals with success. His masterpieces were nearly all in bronze. The most celebrated were his Discobolus, or quoit player, and his "Cow." There are several marble Discoboli still extant, copies of the original. Of his other works, perhaps the most famous were his colossal statues of Jupiter, Minerva, and Hercules at Samos, which were carried off by Mark Antony. Augustus restored Minerva and Hercules to the Samians, retaining only Jupiter, which he placed in the capitol.
See Staten Island.
Nablus, Or Nabulns, a town of Palestine, 30 m. N. of Jerusalem; pop. estimated at from 10,000 to 20,000, among whom are about 1,000 Christians and 200 Samaritans. It is situated in a valley at the base of Mt. Gerizim, and is supposed to occupy the site of the ancient She-chem. When restored by the Romans in the reign of Vespasian, it received the name of Neapolis, of which its modern name is a corruption. In the Samaritan synagogue are several valuable manuscripts, the most important of which is the copy of the Pentateuch known as the Samaritan codex. Nablus has important manufactures, especially of soap.
Nabob (Hind, nawaiib), a title of office in India, applied during the Mogul empire to the imperial lieutenant or viceroy of a province. The word is the plural of naib, prince, it being a custom of the natives to address all great men in the plural number. As the power of the emperors declined, their deputies became independent. They made war upon each other, and the country was perpetually disturbed by their contentions. The English, availing themselves of these dissensions, reduced them in detail to mere pensioners on their bounty. - In the English language the word nabob signifies a man who has acquired great wealth in the East.
Nacogdoches, an E. county of Texas, bounded S. W. by the Angelina river and E. by the Attoyac, which unite at the S. E. corner; area, 886 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 9,614, of whom 3,275 were colored. It has an undulating surface, occasionally hilly and broken, and generally well timbered. The soil varies greatly, but is mostly fertile, cotton and corn being the principal crops. Good iron ore exists. The chief productions in 1870 were 217,861 bushels of tndian corn, 16,515 of barley, 35,113 of sweet potatoes, 4,531 bales of cotton, 62,334 lbs. of butter, and 5,490 gallons of sorghum molasses. There were 1,971 horses, 3,607 milch sows, 9,563 other cattle, 2,470 sheep, and 16,089 swine. Capital, Nacogdoches.