Proteus, in Greek and Roman mythology, a sea god subject to Neptune, whose flocks he tended. At midday he always arose from the flood and slept in the shadow of the rocks on the coast, and those who desired him to foretell the future were obliged to seize him at that time. He would assume various shapes to terrify or disgust, and thus drive away his questioner; but when he found this subterfuge of no avail, he would yield to the demand.


Protogenes, a Greek painter, flourished toward the close of the 4th century B. C. He was born at Caunus in Caria, and for 50 years lived unnoticed and poor at Rhodes, until through the intervention of Apelles the Rhodians became aware of his merit. When Demetrius Poliorcetes besieged the city, he was careful not to attack the most defenceless part, because it contained the works of Protogenes. He spent so much time on his works, that Apelles said he never knew when to take his hand off. The "Ialysus" was considered his masterpiece, and this when Pliny wrote was preserved in the temple of Peace at Rome. Protogenes was also a statuary, and according to Suidas wrote on art.


See Protozoa.


Providence, the N. county of Rhode Island, bordered N. and E. by Massachusetts and W. by Connecticut, and drained by the Blackstone river, which runs partly along the E. border, and the Pawtuxet, which forms a portion of the S. boundary; area, 380 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 149,190. It has an uneven surface and generally fertile soil. It is intersected by several railroads centring at Providence. The chief productions in 1870 were 9,887 bushels of rye, 85,114 of Indian corn, 15,386 of oats, 9,900 of barley, 329,515 of potatoes, 38,606 tons of hay, 3,330 lbs. of wool, 296,128 of butter, and 30,235 of cheese. There were 3,323 horses, 8,056 milch cows, 1,369 working oxen, 3,655 other cattle, 1,667 sheep, and 6,612 swine. There are numerous manufactories, chiefly at Providence, the county seat.

Prudencio De Sandoval

Prudencio De Sandoval, a Spanish historian, born about 1560, died in Pamplona, March 17, 1621. He was a Benedictine monk, and was appointed by Philip HI. historiographer of Spain, in 1608 bishop of Tuy, and in 1612 bishop of Pamplona. His principal works are: Historia de la vida y hechos del empera-dor Cárlos V. (2 vols., 1604-'6), of which there are abridgments in English by James Wads-worth ("The Civil Wars of Spain," fol., London, 1652) and Capt. John Stevens ("History of Charles V.," 1703); Historia de los reyes de Castilla y de Leon (1615); and Las crónicas de los quatro obispos, an edition of the works of four chroniclers of the 12th century.

Prudens Van Duyse

Prudens Van Duyse, a Flemish poet, born at Dendermonde about 1805, died in Ghent, Nov. 13, 1859. He was professor of national history in the athenaeum of Ghent, and archivist of the city, and contributed to the preservation of the Flemish dialect by his poems. He published Vaterlandsche poezij (1839), Het klaver-blad (1848), and Dichtbespiegeling (1849). He was also the author of several essays on the history and literature of the Netherlands.