Robert Pultock

Robert Pultock, an English author, whose only known work is "The Life and Adventures of Peter Wilkins" (London, 1750), which describes an imaginary race of flying islanders in the South Pacific. The name of the author was unknown till 1835, when, at a sale of books and manuscripts which had belonged to Dods-ley the publisher, the original agreement for the copyright of the book was found, in which Pultock is described as "of Clement's Inn, gentleman." He sold his story for £20, with 12 copies of the work, and a set of the first impressions of the engravings.

Robert Raikes

Robert Raikes, an English philanthropist, born in Gloucester in 1735, died April 5, 1811. He was publisher and editor of the "Gloucester Journal," and in 1781 hired rooms for Sunday schools, employed poor women at a shilling a day to teach, and induced large numbers of the poor children whom he found in the streets of the town to attend. In a short time Sunday schools were established in all the larger towns of England.

Robert Recorde

Robert Recorde, an English mathematician, born at Tenby, Pembrokeshire, about 1500, died in London in 1558. He entered Oxford university in 1525, was elected a fellow of All Souls' college in 1531, and taught rhetoric, mathematics, music, and anatomy. In 1545 he received the degree of M. D. from Cambridge university, removed to London, and was physician to Edward VI. and to Queen Mary. He died a prisoner in the king's bench, probably for debt, though he left some property. He wrote the "Gate of Knowledge" and the "Treasury of Knowledge," both of which are lost. His extant works are: "The Ground of Artes, teaching the Woorke and Practice of Arithmetike" (1540), his most popular work; "The Vrinal of Physick" (1548); "The Pathway to Knowledge" (1551), a compendium of geometry; "The Castle of Knowledge" (1556); and "The Whetstone of Witte," a mathematical work (1557).

Robert Scott Lauder

Robert Scott Lauder, a Scottish artist, born at Silver Mills, near Edinburgh, in 1803, died April 21, 1809. Showing a taste for art in his youth, he was enabled by Sir Walter Scott to pursue his studies in the trustees' academy, Edinburgh. Subsequently he passed five years on the continent, and in 1838 established himself in London. In 1849 he returned to Edinburgh, where he resided until his death. His best pictures were suggested by scenes in Scott's novels, and comprise " The Trial of Effie Deans," well known by the engraving of it, "Meg Merrilies," "Claverhouse ordering Morton to be Shot," etc. He also produced large Scriptural compositions, one of which, " Christ teaching Humility," was purchased by the Scottish association for the encouragement of art as the commencement of a Scottish national gallery.

Robert South

Robert South, an English clergyman, born at Hackney, Middlesex, in 1633, died in London, July 8, 1716. He graduated at Christ Church college, Oxford, in 1655, was ordained in 1658, was elected public orator of the university in 1660, soon afterward became chaplain to the chancellor Clarendon, and was made a prebendary of Westminster in 1663, and a canon of Christ church, Oxford, in 1670. He was a zealous champion of passive obedience and the divine right, and was opposed alike to Protestant dissent and to Roman Catholicism. When Sherlock published his " Vindication of the Holy and Ever Blessed Trinity," South attacked him for inculcating tritheism (1693). His sermons have passed through many editions (6 vols., 1692; 5 vols, additional, 1744; 4 vols., London, 1843; 2 vols, royal 8vo, Edinburgh, 1843; abridged, London, 1851 and 1859); and a volume of his posthumous works appeared in 1717.