Saliva

See Digestion, and Salivary Glands.

Salmon Trout

See Trout.

Salnave

See Hayti, vol. viii., p. 553.

Salomon Hermann Mosenthal

Salomon Hermann Mosenthal, a German dramatist, born of Jewish parentage in Cas-sel, Jan. 14, 1821. He took his doctor's degree at Marburg in 1842, became private tutor in Vienna, and in 1851 archivist in the Austrian ministry. His Deborah (Pesth, 1850) and Sonnenicendhof (Leipsic, 1856) have been adapted to the English, Italian, Danish, Hungarian, and Bohemian stage; and he has written many other dramas, among which is the tragedy Pietra (1865). His Gesammelte Ge-dichte appeared in Vienna in 1866.

Salomon Islands

See Solomon Islands.

Salona

Salona, the Roman capital of Dalmatia, near the present Spalato (anc. Spalatum). (See Spalato).

Salop

See Shropshire.

Salsette

Salsette (native name, Sashthi), an island in the presidency of Bombay, 18 m. long and 10 m. wide; area, about 150 sq. m.; pop. estimated at 50,000. It is connected with the island of Bombay by an arched stone bridge and by a causeway built at the expense of Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy, and with the mainland by the viaduct of the Peninsular railway. In the central hill of Keneri and elsewhere there are famous ancient rock-cut cave temples. The chief town is Thanah. Salsette came into the possession of the Portuguese in the 16th century, and was wrested from them in 1739 by the Mahrattas, who were dispossessed by the British in 1774.

Salsify

See Oyster Plant.

Salt Lake

Salt Lake, a N. county of Utah, bordering on Great Salt lake, and intersected by Jordan river; area, 1,200 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 18,337. The Wahsatch mountains cross the E. part; the W. portion descends toward the valley of the lake. Along the base of the mountains the soil is productive when irrigated. There are four mining districts, producing gold, silver, and lead in 1874 to the value of more than $4,000,000. There are smelting works, stamp mills, flouring mills, saw mills, breweries, tanneries, and various manufactories. The county has several railroads. The chief productions in 1870 were 26,838 bushels of wheat, 6,838 of Indian corn, 4,584 of oats, 4,413 of barley, 16,216 of potatoes, 4,285 lbs. of wool, 16,207 of butter, and 1,172 tons of hay. There were (on farms) 455 horses, 611 milch cows, 1,058 other cattle, 3,184 sheep, and 243 swine. Capital, Salt Lake City.

Saltillo

Saltillo, a city of Mexico, capital of the state of Coahuila, on the Rio Tigre, 435 m. N. by W. of the city of Mexico; pop. about 15,000. It is well built, but the only edifices worthy of mention are the government house and the parish church. Some silver and gold mines were formerly worked in the vicinity, but none of importance are now in operation. The manufactures comprise cotton stuffs, and zarapes much prized for their fineness and brilliant colors. There is an annual fair lasting eight days, largely attended from all parts of the state. - Saltillo was founded in 1586, and incorporated as a city with the name of Leone Vicario, by decree of Nov. 5, 1827. Near it was fought the battle of Buena Vista, Feb. 22 and 23, 1847. (See Buena Vista).