Seward

I. A S. E. County Of Nebraska

A S. E. County Of Nebraska, intersected by the Big Blue river and its forks; area, 576 sq. m.; pop. in 1875, 6,601. The surface is undulating and the soil productive. It is traversed by the Midland Pacific railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 58,579 bushels of wheat, 58,637 of Indian corn, 31,-620 of oats, 18,488 of potatoes, 35,601 lbs. of butter, and 5,205 tons of hay. There were 1,214 horses, 718 milch cows, 1,161 other cattle, 509 sheep, 1,296 swine, and 3 saw mills. Capital, Seward.

II. An Unorganized S. W. County Of Kansas

An Unorganized S. W. County Of Kansas, bordering on Indian territory; area, 720 sq. m. It is watered by affluents of the Cimarron river. The surface consists of rolling prairies.

Sextus Aurelius Propertius

Sextus Aurelius Propertius, a Roman poet, born in Umbria about 50 B. C. He was rich until an agrarian division, in 36 B. C., reduced his fortune. He wrote four books of elegies, principally addressed to his mistress. The text of Propertius as we have it is exceedingly corrupt. One of the best editions is that of Hertz-berg (2 vols. 8vo, Halle, 1843-'5). His elegies have been translated into English verse by Charles Robert Moore (Oxford, 1870).

Sextus Empiricus

Sextus Empiricus, a Greek philosopher, a native of Mytilene, in the first half of the 3d century A. D. His medical writings are lost; but his Pyrrhonioe Hypotyposes, in three books, an exposition of the doctrines of the skeptics, and a treatise against the mathematicians, in 11 books, in which he attacks all the sciences, both physical and metaphysical, remain. An edition of both, with a Latin translation, was prepared by J. A. Fabricius in 1718. Bekker published an amended edition (Berlin, 1842).

Seychelles

See Mauritius, vol. xi., p. 293.

Seydlitz, Or Seidlitz, Fried Rich Wilhelm Von

Seydlitz, Or Seidlitz, Fried Rich Wilhelm Von, a Prussian soldier, born at Kalkar, near Cleves, Feb. 3, 1721, died near Namslau, Silesia, Nov. 7, 1773. He excelled in horsemanship from his boyhood. After serving as a page of the margrave of Schwedt, he entered the Prussian army in 1739, and won the rank of major at Hohenfriedberg, June 4, 1745, and that of major general at the battle of Kolin, June 18, 1757. In the same year he was put in command of the cavalry, and distinguished himself at Rossbach, Nov. 5, at Zorndorf and Hoch-kirch in 1758, and especially at Kunersdorf, Aug. 12, 1759, where he was seriously wounded, and at Freiberg, Saxony, Oct. 29, 1762. He was then made inspector of the cavalry in Silesia, and in 1767 general of cavalry, to which branch of arms he had imparted a wonderful efficiency. - See Leben des Generals von Seyd-litz, by Varnhagen von Ense (Berlin, 1834), and Der General Friedrich von Seydlitz, by Count Friedrich Wilhelm von Bismark (1837).

Sforza Pallavicino

Sforza Pallavicino, an Italian author, born in Rome, Nov. 20, 1607, died there, June 5, 1667. He was heir to a marquisate, but took orders, and about 1637 became a Jesuit. He was made cardinal by Pope Alexander VII. His principal work is Istoria del concilio di Trento, written to counteract the work of Paolo Sarpi on the same subject. The first edition (2 vols, fol., Rome, 1656-7) is the best, and it has been frequently reprinted. Among his other works are: Vindicationes Societatis Jesu (Rome, 1649); Oli amertimenti gram-maticali (1661); and Trattato dello stilo (1662). The manuscript of his Arte della per-fezione cristiana is in Parma.