William Crotch

William Crotch, an English composer, born at Norwich in 1775, died at Taunton, Dec. 29, 1847. When scarcely two years of age he could play tunes on the harpsichord, and a year later was able to add a bass. The acuteness and delicacy of his ear were perhaps never surpassed. He readily named any note struck upon the piano without seeing it, and told in what key any one was playing. This precocity attracted the attention of Dr. Burney and other distinguished musicians, but the expectations excited by it were never fulfilled. Crotch became an accomplished musician, but his compositions, of which he published a great number, have no special merit. He was made a doctor of music by the university of Oxford, in which he was also professor of music.

William Cushing

William Cushing, an American jurist, born at Scituate, Mass., March 1, 1732, died there, Sept. 13, 1810. 'He was the son of Judge John Cushing, one of the presiding judges at the trial of the British soldiers for the massacre at Boston, March 5, 1770. He graduated at Harvard college in 1751, studied law, was appointed attorney general of the state, and in 1768 judge of probate for Lincoln co., Maine. In 1772 he became a judge of the superior court of Massachusetts, and in 1777 succeeded his father as chief justice of that court. He was made a judge of the supreme court of the state in 1782, and on the organization of the government under the constitution of 1788 he was made chief justice of the state. In the following year he was appointed by President Washington a justice of the supreme court of the United States, and in 1796 nominated as chief justice to succeed Jay. He was confirmed by the senate, but refused to accept the post.

William Dean Howells

William Dean Howells, an American author, born in Martinsville, Belmont co., Ohio, March 1, 1837. He learned the printing business in his father's office, and worked at that trade for 12 years. He then became connected with the " Ohio State Journal" as assistant editor, and up to 1860 had published six poems in the " Atlantic Monthly," besides a life of Abraham Lincoln, and, with John J. Piatt, a volume of verse called "Poems of Two Friends." He was appointed by President Lincoln United States consul at Venice, where he remained till 1865. On his return home he joined the staff of the "Nation," and shortly after became assistant editor of the "Atlantic," which magazine passed into his sole control as editor in July, 1871. His publications are: " Venetian Life " (London and New York, 1866); " Italian Journeys " (1867); " No Love Lost," a poem (1868); "Suburban Sketches" (1869); "Their Wedding Journey" (1872); and "A Chance Acquaintance" (1873).

William Derham

William Derham, an English divine and natural philosopher, born at Stoughton, near Worcester, in November, 1657, died at Up-minster, near London, April 5, 1735. He became rector of Upminster in 1689, and canon of Windsor in 1716. He contributed largely to periodical literature, and edited some of the works of Ray the botanist and Hook the natural philosopher. As a member of the royal society he contributed valuable scientific papers to its "Transactions." The most important of his published works are: "The Artificial Clockmaker" (4th ed., 1734); "Physico-Theology " (16 discourses preached at Boyle's lecture, 1713), and "Astro-Theology" (1714), designed to prove the existence and attributes of God from an examination of the works of creation; and " Christo-Theology " (1730), a ser-, mon to prove the divine origin of Christianity.