Dyce. I. Alexander, a British scholar, born in Edinburgh, June 30, 1797, died in London, May 15, 1869. He was educated at the high school of Edinburgh and at Exeter college, Oxford, and was several years a curate in Cornwall and Suffolk. In 1827 he removed to London, and for more than 40 years devoted himself to literary and critical studies. His publications were numerous and valuable, showing not only patient industry and research, but great sagacity and acuteness. His editions of the older English dramatists are highly esteemed. In 1836-'8 he published an edition, with notes, of the works of Richard Bentley (3 vols.). He also contributed to Pickering's "Aldine British Poets" revised texts of Pope, Collins, Beattie, and Akenside, and brief but excellent biographical sketches of these writers. Through his efforts, in conjunction with Collier, Halliwell, Wright, and others, the Percy society was founded in 1840, for the publication of old English ballads and plays. Two editions of Shakespeare, one in 6 vols. (1850-'58), and the other in 9 vols. (1864-'7), contain the finished results of his critical labors and researches.

He also wrote "Recollections of the Table Talk of Samuel Rogers." II. William, a British painter, cousin of the preceding, born in Aberdeen, Scotland, about 1805, died at Streatham, England, Feb. 14, 1864. He was educated at the university of Aberdeen, and obtained the degree of M. A. in 1822. After studying painting at the academy of Edinburgh, he spent two years (1825 - '7) at Rome. On his return he settled in Edinburgh. Having been appointed head master of the school of design, he removed to London in 1838, and subsequently became professor of painting in the university of London. He was elected an associate of the royal academy in 1845, and royal academician in 1848. Having distinguished himself by his frescoes at the Westminster competition in 1844, he was one of the artists chosen to decorate the palace of Westminster and the house of lords, and executed several frescoes at Osborne house. Among his works are " St. Dunstan separating Edwy and Elgiva," "Baptism of Ethelbert" (in the house of lords), " King Joash shooting the Arrow of Deliverance," " Madonna and Child," "Meeting of Jacob and Rachel," "Lear in the Storm," "Christabel," "The Good Shepherd," " Titian preparing to make his Essay in Coloring," "Neptune assigning to Britannia the Empire of the Sea," frescoes in All Saints' church, Margaret street, " St. John leading home his adopted Mother," " The Man of Sorrows," and "George Herbert at Bemerton."