Liverpool, a town, port of entry, and the capital of Queens co., Nova Scotia, situated on the right bank of the river Mersey, here spanned by a bridge, at its entrance into Liverpool harbor, 70 m. S. W. of Halifax; pop. in 1871, 3,104. It is well and regularly built, has a good harbor protected by a lighthouse, with a revolving light 75 ft. high, and is the centre of an important and increasing trade. The number of vessels entered for the year ending June 30, 1872, was 122, with an aggregate tonnage of 21,688; cleared, 102, of 14,914 tons; value of imports, $157,140; of exports, $253,365, chiefly lumber, staves, and fish. Ship building is extensively carried on. The town contains saw mills, iron founderies, machine shops, etc, a weekly newspaper, and five churches.

Liverpool #1

Liverpool, a town of New Brunswick. See Richibucto.

Liverpool #2

I. Charles Jenkinson

I. Charles Jenkinson, first earl of, a British statesman, born May 16, 1727, died Dec. 17, 1808. He was educated at the Charterhouse, and at University college, Oxford, and entered parliament in 1761. In the same year he was appointed under-secretary of state, in 1763 joint secretary to the treasury, in 1766 a lord of the admiralty, and in 1778 secretary at war, a post which he retained until the close of Lord North's administration. Adhering thenceforth to the party of Mr. Pitt, he was appointed in 1784 president of the board of trade. After 17 years' tenure of this office he retired in 1801. He was a man of respectable attainments, but was to an unusual degree the object of popular dislike on account of his supposed undue influence with the king. He wrote several political works, the most important of which are a " Collection of all the Treaties of Peace, etc, between Great Britain and other Powers, from 1648 to 1783," with a "Discourse on the Conduct of Great Britain in respect to Neutral Nations" (3 vols. 8vo, London, 1785); and a " Treatise on the Coins of the Realm " (4to, Oxford, 1805). He was created Lord Hawkes-bury in 1786, and earl of Liverpool in 1796.

II. Robert Banks Jenkinson

II. Robert Banks Jenkinson, second earl of, eldest son of the preceding, born June 7, 1770, died Dec. 4, 1828. He was educated at the Charterhouse and at Christchurch college, Oxford. In 1790, before he had attained his majority, he was elected to parliament as member for Rye, and upon taking his seat in the succeeding year proved himself a ready debater and an efficient supporter of the ministry. Upon the retirement of Mr. Pitt in 1801 he was appointed foreign secretary in the Addington cabinet, in which capacity he conducted the negotiation which terminated in the treaty of Amiens. Upon the return of Pitt to power he took office as home secretary, and in the latter part of 1808 was called to the house of peers as Lord Hawkesbury, in virtue of his father's barony of that name. The death of Pitt (1806) interrupted his official career, and although offered the premiership, he preferred to remain in opposition during the Fox and Grenville administration. Upon its dissolution he again declined to form a ministry, but accepted the home department, which he retained until the assassination of Mr. Perceval. At the request of the prince regent, whose fullest confidence he always enjoyed, he then accepted, although with reluctance, the vacant premiership.

His administration extended from 1812 to 1827, a longer period than that of any other modern British premier except Walpole and Pitt, and was rendered permanent and successful mainly through the efforts of Castlereagh and Canning in the foreign office. The military successes of England brought him at the outset considerable popularity; but the distresses which followed after the war, and the severe measures adopted to repress internal disturbances, subsequently aroused against him a strong feeling of dislike, which was increased by the introduction of the bill of pains and penalties against Queen Caroline. To liberal opinions he was always steadfastly opposed, and his efforts, extending over a period of more than 30 years, greatly contributed to retard Catholic emancipation, parliamentary reform, the emancipation of the slaves in the West India colonies, and other kindred measures. His private character was above reproach, and few ministers holding such extreme views have been more respected by political adversaries.

He was attacked by paralysis, Feb. 17, 1827, and passed the last three months of his life in a state of helplessness and imbecility.