I. A 1st. W. Province Of Spain

I. A 1st. W. Province Of Spain, in Galicia, bordering on the bay of Biscay and the provinces of Asturias, Leon, Orense, Pon-tevedra, and Corunna; area, 3,787 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 475,836. It is very mountainous, and but a small portion of the surface can be cultivated. The principal rivers are the Minho, Sil, and Eo. The coast is very rugged, with high cliffs and but small harbors. Cape Estaca is the most northerly point of Spain. The mountains are pretty well wooded near the base, and their slopes afford considerable fine pasturage. The inhabitants are mainly cattle-raisers, muleteers, and fishermen. Agriculture is in a primitive condition, a large part of the work being done by women, and education is very much neglected. The mineral productions are iron, antimony, lead, granite, and marble. Among the more important towns are Mondonedo and Rivero.

II. A City (Anc. Lucus Agusti)

II. A City (Anc. Lucus Agusti), capital of the province, on the left bank of the Minho, 48 m. S. E. of Corunna, with which it is connected by railway; pop. about 21,000. The town is nearly square, and is surrounded by massive walls with projecting towers, the top of which forms a favorite public walk. It is the seat of a bishop, and has a cathedral which dates from 1129, the only one in Spain that enjoys the privilege of having the sacred host continually exposed night and day. The streets are regularly laid out, and are wide, clean, and paved. There are a dozen squares, two parish churches, two convents, two hospitals, a prison, a theatre, barracks, and sulphur baths. The episcopal palace contains a large library. The manufactures include woollen and linen fabrics, especially hosiery, leather, hats, soap, candles, wine, and oil; and fine books, mainly of local interest, are published here. In the 5th century Lugo was the capital of the kings of the Suevi. A part of the city wall is of Roman origin, and in 1842 a curious Roman mosaic pavement was discovered here.

Lugos #1

Lugos, a town of S. Hungary, capital of the county of Krasso, 34 m. E. by S. of Temesvar; pop. in 1870, 11,654. It is traversed by the river Temes, separating the German from the Rouman or Wallach town, which contains nearly three fourths of the population. The surrounding district is rich in wine, which constitutes the principal article of'commerce. The town is the seat of a Greek bishop, and contains a gymnasium, a convent, and military barracks. It was once a flourishing city and strong fortress, but was devastated by the Turks, who gained here a victory over the Austrians in 1695. It was the last place of refuge for the Hungarian army and government during the war of 1849.