Louisville (Loo'i-vil or Loo'is-vil), the largest city of Kentucky, a port of entry and capital of Jefferson county, is situated on the Ohio, 130 miles below Cincinnati. The river here forms a series of rapids, descending 22 feet in 2 miles; except during floods steamboats pass these by a canal. The city is handsomely built, with wide and regular streets, on a plain sloping up from the river. It has a Roman Catholic cathedral, a law school, four medical colleges, colleges of dentistry and of pharmacy, the state institution for the blind, etc. Louisville is the greatest market for tobacco in the world, and has large pork-packing establishments, distilleries, and tanneries, with manufactures of ploughs, furniture, castings, gas and water pipes, machinery, flour, and cement. The city is the terminus of a number of railway lines; the Ohio is crossed here by two railway bridges, one of them nearly a mile long. Louisville was founded in 1778, and in 1780 named in honour of Louis XVI. of France, whose troops were then assisting the Americans. A great part of the town, including the tobacco-market and the city-hall, was destroyed by a cyclone on 27th March 1890. General Zachary Taylor is buried close by. Pop. (1880) 123,758 ; (1890) 161,005 ; (1900) 204,731.