This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Messrs. Hogg & Co. obtained a discretionary premiumi also, for a very neat and well cultivated, but not very extensive collection of Com-riEA, which contained amongst them plants of Cedrus Deodora and Cryptomeria Japonica, three feet high at least - a fine Araucaria excel-sa. the pretty drooping Juniperus oblonga pen-dula, and the elegant Abies Clanbrasiliana.
The first premium for the best 12 Cacti, was awarded to Wo. Chalmers, gardener to Thomas Richardson, Esq., Westchester co., amongst which were good, although moderately sized specimens of Cereus senilis, Melo cactus com-munis, in bloom, Mamalaria decipiens, M. sco-pea, and M. flavescina. A fine specimen of Melo cactus coronata, sent by Messrs. Jervis, also merits notice ; it was the largest in the rooms.
For Verbenas in pots, the first premium was awarded to J. M'Key, gardauer to Mr. A. Reid, and the second to Mr. Daniel Boll - both of whom we know to be too good judges of what they ought to have been at this season of the year, to wish us to praise them as they were. There were some good cut flowers of Verbena, from Mr. Isaac Buchanan.
The Ferns were not numerous, but Messrs. Hogg & Co., had a fine specimen of the Stag-horn fern, (Platycerium alcicorne,) and a very pretty Licopodium umbrosum.
In Cut Flowers, there were many bouquets displayed, of all descriptions, and many of them well put together. The basket of wild flowers sent by Archibald Henderson, Long Island, was most interesting, and had it not been for the queen of the garden, the rose, which formed so formidable a rival in the other baskets, these wild flowers would almost have equalled in attraction their more aristocratic neighbors. John Cranston, of Hoboken, obtained and deserved the first premium for a basket bouquet; but the second, given to Walter Parke at Mr. A. Reid's, was equally well merited. The large parlor bouquet of James Weir was very pretty ; and with the two baskets attracted much attention from the fair visitors.
The display of Cut Roses did not equal our expectations. Mr. Daniel Boll, long celebrated amongst amateurs for his fine collection of roses, had the first premium for general display; but neither his nor any others in the rooms, were in fine condition. Mr. Mateo of Astoria, had some good varieties in his cut roses, and a seedling or two, but the latter were in too bad a state to judge of as regards quality.
Several Ornamental Designs were exhibited, and they displayed ingenuity at least. One we observed, exhibited by Mr. William Chorl-ton, of Staten Island; and we trust he will forgive our expressing the hope that a man who can grow such grapes as we have noticed above, and such plants as he does, will give up the construction of these floral monstrotitie$. If the public require them, they must be constructed by somebody, but inasmuch as hundreds can do so, who Mr. C. would not trust for an hour's work in bis green house, and as so few can grow fruit and flowers as he can, let us entreat him to believe -' flower temples" are beneath his notice. Bouquets in any and every shape, are, by themselves, elegant, and we were going to say indispensible adjuncts to the gardener's exhibition of some results of his skill, and they add to the beauty and decoration of our parlors and drawing rooms; but when flowers are so persecuted into divers shapes and forms that you require almost a telescope, when at a short distance, to ascertain whether the thing is made of flowers or paint, we hold that the office of the gardener, no less than his dignity, is abused by this perversion of (so called) taste.
In Europe these things are quite exploded, as belonging to that kind of march which here we don't want - namely, the march backward instead of forward.
The Dahlias were by no means in good order. The unfavorable weather no noubt operated to an extent beyond the control of the growers. For general display, the first premium was given to Mr. T. Dunlap, and the second to Messrs.
J. M. Thorburn & Co. The. two collections were 60 nearly equal in merit, that there was little to choose between them. Mr. Dunlap's appeared the most numerous, but the dark flowers predominated so much as to giro a sombre hue to the collections. In Messrs Thorburn's the light varieties prevailed, and rendered them more attractive as a whole. We noticed in the latter, several new varieties which promise to be favorites.
We must not forget to thank Mr. Leonard Spencer for the well arranged and beautiful vase of native grasses, which contained twenty-two specimens, and was much admired. This gentleman, we are sure, can teach his neighbors how to "go ahead horticulturally," and we hope he will do so.
There were several pots of Achimerics exhibited, but we do not particularise them, because although clean and neat, they were by no means grown in the luxuriant way which this family of plants admits of, and in which at this season of the year, we expect to see them exhibited. Our friends must grow them faster, and shift them oftener than they appear to do, if they want fine specimens.
Whatever may have been the opinion of the visitors about the flowers of the exhibition, we are certain that there could exist but one feel-about the vegetables. They were all extremely fine, and the variety exhibited was highly creditable to the Society. We will notice first the four large flat Dutch cabbage, sent with many fine specimens of other vegetables, by Francis Brill, Esq., of Astoria, and also his Boston Marrow Squash. The first premium was given to J. Mitchell, gardener to Wm. Watson, Esq., Westchester, whose collection was very good, but the finest display, taken as a whole, was that of Jacob Giraud, Esq., of Bergen, N. J., a gentlemen well known to our scientific world as an ornithologist, and who we are glad to find thus turning his attention to experimental gardening. His specimens of carrots, beets of two or three varieties, potatoes,.Swiss chard, cardoons, esearole, radish, egg plants (of six or eight varieties,) tomatoes, etc, in the whole about thirty sorts of vegetables, gave evidence of the most judicious and skilful culture.
In addition he sent upwards of thirty varieties of Indian corn, of which his collection is, we be lieve, one of the best in the country, and Is doubtless well known to our readers, from his exhibitions of it at the Annual Fair of the American Institute.
Altogether the exhibition was, we repeat, highly satisfactory, and induces us to hope for much from the Society in its second year.
We have one cause of complaint against the committee of management, which we are convinced they will remedy on fnture occasions. We mean the fixing Monday as the first day of the exhibition. Of all days in the week it is peculiarly that which ought to be avoided. To all exhibitors the day before the exhibition, is necessarily a busy one in preparing for the contest, and consequently should never fall on Sunday. M.