This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
At the meeting held October 29th, Mr. Pardee took the chair. [From this point to the January meeting we shall be compelled to condense very materially our reporter's copy. Our own remarks will not only be greatly condensed, but in some cases omitted entirely. This is the only way in which we can begin square again.] The first hour was devoted to miscellaneous •objects. A lady wished to know how to destroy the Aphis on the roots of her China Asters, etc Mr. Fuller recommended tobacco, either in solution or by fumigation. The same lady wished to know how to flower Fortune's Yellow Rose. Mr. Weir said the trouble is well-ripened wood; the growth should be strong and well-ripened in the fall; the plant should rest through the winter. Mr. Fisher Howe asked how to get a good growth. Mr. Weir replied, if pruned back much you get wood, but not flowers; plant early and cultivate carefully.
Mr. Fuller asked, do lowers improve by being pinched back? is a grape vine stronger by being pinched? his vines not pinched were twice the diameter and four times the weight of those pinched. Thought it best not to pinch at all till September. Mr. Marin thought October best; roses do better, and the wood ripens better. Mr. Howe thought it might exhaust the root, if not pinched in. Mr. Brophy asked if it was not common among cultivators to strengthen the root by pinching in. Mr. Marin asked if each particular branch has not a particular root. Mr. Fuller said such a theory had been advanced, but it was not so. Mr. Pardee asked Mr. Cavanach if it did not strengthen a plant to cut it back. Mr. Cavanach thought it did. The lady above mentioned also asked if she could keep Geraniums through the winter by hanging them up by the roots. Several gentlemen replied that they had so kept them. Mr. Brophy asked if any one had seen the Rose of Jericho. Mr. Howe replied that he had one, and would bring it. The same lady again asked how flowers and leaves could be preserved so as to retain their colors. Mr. Weir recommended laying them between blotting paper till well dried. Mr. Marin suggested putting the blotting paper between bags of heated sand.
Mr. Howe said a German card press, with absorbing paper, would answer for ordinary purposes. Mr. Dunham said he had over 2,000 specimens; put them between blotting paper, and changed till all moisture was absorbed. Mr. Falconer said that autumn leaves varnished with Canada balsam will keep their color. Flowers are best attached with gum tragacanth; if mixed with arsenic, insects will not trouble it.
Another question asked was, how best to keep Fuchsias during the winter in private dwellings. Mr. Cavanach said, in large pots; give plenty of water and light, and moderate heat. Mr. Fuller preferred to keep them dormant in a dry cellar. Mr. Marin kept his in an upper hall, watering once in two or three weeks. Mr. Fuller said the tenderesi rose could be kept by-covering six inches deep in a dry corner of the garden. Mr. Pardee asked if Roses are generally injured by transplanting. Mr. Fuller thought some improved. It was asked if the frost would hurt roses thus buried. Mr. Fuller said it would not. It was also asked if Verbenas could be kept in frames as half hardy plants. Mr. Burgess said they could, giving air on warm days and shading from sun. A gentleman wanted to know how to keep Dahlias and Tuberoses. Mr. Fuller recommended a hot and dry place for Tuberoses, 70° to 100°; for Dahlias, 40 to 45°. Mr. Burgess kept his Dahlias on the ground, heat from 75° to 80°. Mr. Dunham succeeded well with Dahlias and Tuberoses in a cellar. Mr. Anthony kept his bulbs in newspapers. Mr. Phelps had 60 Tuberoses which did not flower last year nor this.
Mr. Weir never had any trouble; his generally flowered too much. [We suggest that he divide with Mr. Phelps 1 The lady who asked the above questions offered the Horticulturist for 1860 or 1861 for the best collection of dried plants or flowers arranged in a bouquet; also the Working Farmer for 1860 or 1861 for the best collection of pressed flowers or leaves in a book or frame. [How beautifully the true woman shines out here].
The rest of the evening was devoted to grape culture, the question being the best time for pruning. Mr. Pardee thought February the best time for fruit, and fall for wood. Mr. Fuller said fall pruning made more wood than spring pruning. Mr. Leavitt cut down a large vine lost fall, and the growth of wood was enormous. Mr. Fuller recommended him to cut four buds in the fall and two in the spring. Mr. Cavanach had always seen as fine a crop from fall as spring pruning. Mr. Fuller advised to prune always in February; if cuttings are wanted, prune in the ML Mr. Quin thought Mr. Fuller wrong about pruning in February; had practiced fall pruning ten years. Mr. Burgess asked if vines were hurt by pruning in winter. A negative response was given. Mr. Burgess asked if it hurt a vine to bleed, which elicited nothing definite. Mr. Burgess asked how long a vine would be productive with good treatment. Mr. Fuller replied, . 400 years; if well pruned, a vine a hundred years old should be no larger than one ten years old. Mr. Howe had seen a vine at Charleston as large as his body. Mr. Leavitt asked if slaughter house manure was injurious to the outer border of a vinery. Mr. Weir thought not, if properly composted. Mr. Howe asked the result of planting a dead horse in a border.
Mr. Cavanach had seen a tree planted over a dead horse; the tree died; nothing would grow there for several years. Mr. Fuller recommended putting the carcase in a muck bed or with lime. Asked about the Concord dropping. Mr. Quin had no trouble with the Concord, but the Hartford Prolific dropped badly. Mr. Weir said all grapes would drop if too ripe. All seemed to think the Hartford Prolific dropped badly. Mr. Pardee said the Delaware was considered the most difficult of all vines to propagate; had succeeded by placing them in the ground as soon as taken off. Mr. Howe called attention to a basket of flowers from Mrs. John Humphries, very beautifully and tastefully arranged; thought some notice should be taken of Mr. Humphries' death; he was a very worthy man. Offered resolution that a committee be appointed to prepare resolutions expressive of the Society's loss.