A writer in the August number of your journal very good temperedly sets forth his grievances in having been imposed upon in the purchase of attenuated grape roots, which, after five summers' growth, only half cover his trellis. I beg the privilege of shaking him (spiritually) by the hand, as I am also a sufferer, and can cordially sympathize with him in this particular. But there are other wrongs which we are called upon to endure, far more injurious than the one alluded to. His grape vines had the merit of being genuine. I can supply a case, where the unprincipled dealer furnished a bogus article, and did not scruple to receive the full value of the true one. I find that I am gradually getting my eye-teeth cat, and furnish this information for the benefit of your young readers. My neighbors think me rather green; but never mind, I know more than I did, and that is some compensation; the facts you can rely on.

In October, 1859,1 was attracted by a showy advertisement in the Country Gentleman, of a firm in a Western city, offering grape vines of several varieties which were wanted by myself and neighbors, and we directly made up fifty dollars to form the nucleus of a couple of vineyards. The plants were packed and sent by a circuitous route, (not by the one ordered,) but reached us after having travelled double the distance, being stored in numerous places, and occupying as many weeks as they should have been days on the way; but came to band at last, looking as we may suppose poor Navy Jack does, since his grog was stopped - decidedly dry. During the delay the planting season having passed, we heeled them in. The following spring, 1860, they were carefully planted in the ground prepared for them in the fall, and, to our astonishment, three fourths of them grew. My share of the plants were eighty Dianas, which I prepared to set out and cultivate on Bright's method; accordingly a bed was dug 12 feet wide, 3 feet deep, and 100 feet long, the hard pan carted off, and its place supplied with good meadow sods, top-soil, muck, and compost previously prepared, consisting of road washings, muck, ashes, and rotted manure well incorporated.

I felt as if I had done my duty when I had thus prepared the bed, and had set each plant with my own hands, spreading the roots, covering in the most careful manner, and placing a good cedar stake to each. The growth of the first season was small, but when in the fall of 1861, I cut each attenuate plant down to three eyes, I experienced a degree of satisfaction which only a successful cultivator can enjoy; but alas! to experience a sad disappointment in the future. The ripened wood was preserved and cultivated since, to increase my plantation, and has produced hundreds of strong plants of the What-is-It grape. In 1862,1 had many promising bunches of grapes; the vines were cultivated, trained, and pinched on the most approved plan recommended by your journal. I soon began to see that they did not look like other Dianas; still my faith held on, as they grew well. About the 90th of July, the fruit being small, and shaped like a bird's egg, became mottled and of a dingy brown, and has remained so up to the present time, September 15th, hard, sour, and unripe, with a dogged tendency to remain so to the "bitter end." Now, Mr. Editor, what am I to do under such circumstances? what would you do? Is it my duty to submit to this, and other ills that horticulturists are beis to? or shall I publish the names of the villains that have done this great wrong? deprived me of my labor and money, and wasted three years of my precious existence, which no sum of money can ever replace; or shall I take the law 1 My nature is pacific, with a spice of the belligerent, which I shall retain until I get your opinion.

Probably such things are not new to you. I know they occurred before, and that many people have put up with them, rather than engage in a contest with an unprincipled dealer. Numerous instances of frauds by nurserymen have come to my knowledge. I have in my eye an apple orchard; the trees were set some years ago, and many have borne fruit, not one of which are true to name, and many are the inferior and discarded varieties. A garden, in which are fifty or more dwarf pears, many of which are winter pears, though labelled Doyenne d'Ete, Beurre Giffard, Bloodgood, Tyson, etc., and some of which are of the old discarded sorts, that were put in without orders by the nurseryman, as being of his "own selection." A most gross and unpardonable fraud, which a dealer in any other business would not dare to perpetrate, and which would subject him to an arrest for false pretences. I can cite a grape house where thirteen different names were furnished for as many grape roots by the honest dealer who raised and sold the roots, and all produce the same fruit In the same grounds are dwarf apples handsomely labelled the Tompkins County King, producing a small yellow fruit, ripening early in August; the Early Harvest, a red sour apple, not yet ripe, or likely to be for a couple of months, and others of like character.

Now the question arises, are these the result of carelessness, or direct fraud? The parties alledge that the mistakes were made by employees, incompetent persons or laborers. Have they a right to employ such help, and make their customers suffer for it? No ! qui fecit per allium, fecit per se, and the men who make themselves rich in the business are the culpable parties, and should be made to disgorge in every instance and pay stoutly in damages. Nurserymen have a character at stake, and it is their duty to insist that frauds, whether by intention or mistake, should be corrected - with smart money. I am willing to submit my grievance to a jury of respectable nurserymen, and I suggest that at the fall meetings they organize a self-protecting association, admitting none who have been known to be fraudulent, and expelling those who hereafter become so. They could also appoint a committee to investigate and assess damages, in such instances as I have named above. A black book to contain the names of such nursery* men as are habitually fraudulent, would be of great value to the public, and it would make the careless look sharp to avoid having their names registered as such, as a warning to the rest of mankind.

What does the fraternity say to this? Pope says, "an honest man (meaning a nurseryman no doubt) is the noblest work of God." Let them become less rare.

[A "Sufferer" has painted his grievances in strong colors, but none too strong. We have already called attention to this disgraceful feature of the nursery business. We are glad to know that there are not many nurserymen who will allow such a grave charge to stand an hour against them. Still, there are some, and there is no use in denying it. No honest man will allow trees to go from his nursery under such circumstances; neither will he hesitate a moment to make full reparation for the carelessness and blunders of his employees. A man who knowingly commits such a fraud, should be compelled to make full compensation, either by the strong arm of the law or the fear of public exposure. Our advice to you is, to compel the parties by legal means to make full and ample restitution for the loss of your money and labor. Every honest nurseryman will thank you for it, as will also the community at large. - Ed].