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Essentials Of Materia Medica And Therapeutics | by Alfred Baring Garrod



The Author of the present volume has for some years devoted time and attention to a special study of the therapeutic action of drugs, and had hoped ere this to place the results of his labour before the Profession. In the progress of his task, however, he has discovered that every new fact obtained, suggested a new subject for investigation and research, while the experience gained by clinical observation did not tend to diminish the difficulties which seemed to him to surround so exhaustless an inquiry. He was, moreover, unwilling to content himself with a compilation of the data collected by others, or with that apparent simplification of the subject so common in works on Therapeutics, but which too often results only from a hasty credence in statements consonant with the writer's ideas, and a neglect of others not in harmony with those preconceived conclusions.

TitleEssentials Of Materia Medica And Therapeutics
AuthorAlfred Baring Garrod
PublisherWilliam Wood & CO
Year1865
Copyright1865, William Wood & CO
AmazonThe Essentials Of Materia Medica And Therapeutics

By Alfred Baring Garrod, M.D., F.R.S., Fellow Of The Royal College Of Physicians; Professor Of Materia Medica And Therapeutics At King's College, London; Physician To King's College Hospital; And Examiner In Materia Medica In The University Of London.

It has been considered desirable to make two separate Books of the Work originally announced under the title of "Medicines: their Nature and Value in the Treatment of Disease."

The "Essentials of Materia Medica and Therapeutics" is now published, a work, of the kind being much in request at the present time. It will be followed by a Companion Work completing the original idea, and devoted exclusively to the consideration of the value of Medicines in the treatment of Disease. Each Book will be complete in itself May, 1864.

-Preface To The American Edition
The work of Dr. Garrod supplies a want that has long been felt on this side of the Atlantic. It gives a succinct but accurate account of the natural history, of the physical and chemical properties of...
-Preface
The Author of the present volume has for some years devoted time and attention to a special study of the therapeutic action of drugs, and had hoped ere this to place the results of his labour before t...
-Differences Between The Nomenclature Of the London Pharmacopoeia and the British Pharmacopoeia
The following Table exhibits the more important differences between the nomenclature of the London Pharmacopoeia, 1851, and the British Pharmacopoeia, 1864. The substances represented by the names whi...
-Alterations In Strength
The dilute mineral acids, although a little altered, are not sufficiently so as materially to affect the doses. Decoctum Scoparii is now simple, without Juniper and Taraxacum. Extractum Colocynt...
-Materia Medica. Introduction
In the various preparations contained in the first part of this work, constant reference is made to weights and measures, temperature, etc.; and it is therefore important that these should be clearly ...
-Weights
1 pound lb. = 16 ounces = 7000 grains. 1 ounce oz. = . . = 437.5 grains. 1 grain ...
-Measures
1 gallon C = 8 pints O viij. 1 pint 0 = 20 fluid ounces fl. OZ. XX. 1 fluid ounce ...
-Relation Of Measures To Weights Of The British Pharmacopoeia
1 gallon . . = the measure of 10 pounds of water. 1 pint . . = 1.25 1 fluid ounce . = 1 ounce ...
-Relation Of Measures To Weights Of British Pharmacopoeia. Part 2
All the decoctions are prepared from vegetable substances. Extracta. Extracts. Many different kinds of extracts are to be found in the British Pharmacopoeia. 1. Some consist of the fresh juice, ...
-Relation Of Measures To Weights British Pharmacopoeia. Part 3
Spiritus. Spirits. Many of the spirits of the British Pharmacopoeia differ greatly from the preparations bearing the same name in the London Pharmacopoeia. Those made with volatile oils have now a uni...
-Materia Medica. Inorganic Substances. Oxygen
(O. Eq.=8.) Oxygen is a colourless and odourless gas; it forms, on an average, 20.81 per cent. by measure, or 23.01 per cent. by weight, of atmospheric air. The specific gravity is 1.1057, the spec...
-Nitrogen
(N. Eq.=14.) Nitrogen constitutes 79.19 per cent. of the atmosphere by measure, or 76.99 by weight. Sp. gr. 0.9713. It seems to act the part of a diluent in the air, counteracting the too stimulati...
-Hydrogen
(H. Eq.=1.) Hydrogen is a colourless inodorous gas, which has never been liquefied, and is but slightly soluble in water. It is the lightest form of matter known, and has a sp. gr. 0.0692. In combinat...
-Carbon
(C. Eq.=6.) An elementary body found pure, or almost so, in the diamond, plumbago, and anthracite; combined with other elements, it enters into almost all vegetable and animal substances. In medici...
-Sulphur
(S. Eq. = 16.) An elementary body found native as virgin sulphur; also in combination, as sulphurets of metals, etc. Sulphur Sublimatum. [U. S.] Sublimed Sulphur; Flowers of Sulphur. [Sulphur Lotum. W...
-Phosphorus
(P. Eq.=31.) Phosphorus. (Appendix.) Phosphorus. Prep. From phosphoric acid or superphosphate of lime (made by acting upon bone ashes with oil of vitriol) by distillation with charcoal, when carbon...
-Iodine
(I. Eq. = 127.) Iodum Purificatum. Purified Iodine. [Iodinium, Iodine. IT. S.] Iodine, in crystals (so named from , violet). Prep. Iodine is prepared from kelp, the...
-Bromine
(Br. Eq.=80.) Bromine, Appendix A. [Brominium. U. S.] (so named from , a stench). An elementary body contained in combination with metals in sea water, sea plants, etc. ...
-Chlorine
(Cl. Eq.=35.5.) Free chlorine occurs in the form of a greenish-coloured gas, having a peculiar acrid odour, very soluble in water, especially when cold; it possesses intense chemical powers, bleach...
-Water
Aqua. Water. Natural water (HO), the purest that can be obtained, cleared if necessary by filtration; free from odour, taste, and visible impurity. If pure it leaves no residue when evaporated, but...
-Mineral Waters
All water found on the earth's surface contains more or less foreign matter. The purest is melted snow or rain water, collected at a distance from towns. The most common impurities are salts of lime, ...
-Acids Employed In Medicine Or For Tests, Arranged Alphabetically. Acidum Aceticum. Acetic Acid. An Acid Liquid, Prepared From Wood By Destructive Distillation, And Containing 28 Per Cent. Of Anhydrous Acetic Acid
Prep. When wood is heated in close vessels, as in iron retorts, amongst the volatile products of its destruction, a large amount of acetic acid distils over, mixed with wood spirit and various hydroca...
-Acidum Aceticum Glaciale. Glacial Acetic Acid. [Not Officinal In U. S. P.]
Synonym. Acidum Aceticum. Edin. Monohydrated Acetic Acid. Prep. This is prepared by distilling acetate of soda, from which the water has been expelled by heat, with sulphuric acid, by which means s...
-Acidum Arseniosum. Vide Preparations Of Arsenic. Boracic Acid. Appendix B
Prop. & Comp. It occurs in pearly scales, is efflorescent, and fuses at a red heat. It is sparingly soluble in cold, but is soluble in three times its weight of boiling water. Soluble in alcohol, the ...
-Acidum Benzoicum. Vide Gum Benzoin. Acidum Carbonicum. (Not Officinal.) Carbonic Acid. (Solution In Water.) Aerated Water
Prep. By acting upon carbonate of lime, as chalk, marble, etc, with dilute sulphuric acid, and passing the gas through water under pressure. Prop. & Comp. Carbonic acid (Co2) is a colourless gas, h...
-Acidum Citricum. Citric Acid. An Acid Obtained From Lemon Juice, Or The Juice Of The Fruit Of Citrus Limetta, The Lime
Prep. From the juice of lemons, limes, and other allied species, by first fermenting the juice with yeast, in order to get rid of the sugar, and then neutralizing the acid with chalk, to form a citrat...
-Acidum Hydrochloricum. Hydrochloric Acid. Hydrochloric Acid Gas Dissolved In Water. [Acidum Muriaticum. Muriatic Acid. An Aqueous Solution Of Hydrochloric Acid Gas Of 1.160 Sp. Gr. U. S.]
Synonym. Acidum Muriaticum Purum. Edin. Dub. Prep. By the action of sulphuric acid and water on chloride of sodium (common salt) in a glass retort, sulphate of soda and hydrochloric acid are formed...
-Acidum Nitro-Hydrochloricum Dilutum. See Officinal Preparations Of Acidum Nitricum
Therapeutics. Externally it acts as a powerful caustic, and acrid poison. Internally, in a dilute form, as a refrigerant, tonic, and astringent. It is given in some forms of atonic dyspepsia, in low s...
-Acidum Hydrocyanicum Dilutum. Dilute Hydrocyanic Acid, Or Prussic Acid. Hydrocyanic Acid Dissolved In Water, And Constituting 2 Per Cent. Of The Solution
This acid contains rather more than half as much anhydrous acid as Acidum Hydrocyanicum. Edin. Prep. (Ferrocyanide of potassium, two ounces and a quarter; sulphuric acid, seven fluid drachms; disti...
-Sulphuretted Hydrogen. (Appendix.) Hydro-Sulphuric Acid (Freshly Prepared)
Prep. By treating sulphuret of iron with dilute sulphuric acid, and passing the gas which is evolved into cold distilled water. Prop. & Comp. A colourless liquid, having the odour of rotten eggs; g...
-Acidum Nitricum. Nitric Acid; Aqua Fortis
Prep. By the action of sulphuric acid in excess upon nitrate of potash in a glass retort, when nitric acid and bisulphate of potash are formed; the former, being volatile, distils over. Prop. & Com...
-Acidum Nitro-Hydrochloricum Dilutum. Dilute Nitro-Hy-Drochloric Acid
Synonym. Acidum Nitro-Muriaticum. (Nitric acid, two fluid ounces; hydrochloric acid, four fluid ounces; distilled water, twenty-six fluid ounces.) Sp. gr. 1.074. Six fluid drachms require for neutrali...
-Acidum Phosphoricum Dilutum. Dilute Phosphoric Acid. Phosphoric Acid, Dissolved In Water
Prep. (Phosphorus, four hundred and thirteen grains; nitric acid, four fluid ounces; distilled water, twenty fluid ounces or a sufficiency. To the acid mixed with water, placed in a retort in a sand-b...
-Acidum Sulphuricum, Sulphuric Acid; Monohydrated Sulphuric Acid; Oil Of Vitriol
Prep. Made by burning sulphur with a little nitre in leaden chambers, the sulphurous acid fumes coining in contact with nitrous acid and watery vapour, cause the higher oxidation of the sulphur, and t...
-Acidum Sulphuricum Dilutum. Dilute Sulphuric Acid. (Sulphuric Acid, Three Fluid Ounces; Distilled Water, Thirty-Five Fluid Ounces.)
Sp. gr. 1.087. Six fluid drachms require for neutralization one hundred measures of the volumetric solution of soda. [Sulphuric acid, two troy ounces; add to make a pint. sp. gr. 1.082. U. S.] Ther...
-Acidum Sulphurosum. Sulphurous Acid. (Sulphurous Acid Gas, Dissolved In Water.)
Prep. By distilling sulphuric acid with wood charcoal in coarse powder. Prop. & Comp. Water takes up 33 times its bulk of the gas: when fully saturated the solution is colourless, with the suffocat...
-Acidum Tartaricum. Tartaric Acid. An Acid Obtained From The Acid Tartrate Of Potash
Prep. From the acid or bitartrate of potash (cream of tartar) by the addition of chalk, whereby an insoluble tartrate of lime is formed with half the acid in the bitartrate, and a neutral tartrate of ...
-Ammonia And Its Salts
(nh3). When pure, ammonia is a colourless gas, capable of being liquified; of very pungent odour, the fumes producing an alkaline reaction; it forms salts with acids, but always takes an atom of ba...
-Ammonias Liquor Fortior. [Aqua Ammonias Fortior. U. S.] Strong Solution Of Ammonia. Ammoniacal Gas, (Nh3), Dissolved In Water And Constituting 32.5 Per Cent, Of The Solution
Prep. Hydrochlorate of ammonia is distilled with slaked lime, and the resulting ammonia (gas) passed into distilled water, which absorbs it with intensity, and forms the solution of ammonia. Prop. ...
-Ammoniae Carbonas. Carbonate Of Ammonia
Synonym. Ammonias Sesquicarbonas. Lond. Dub. Prep. By heating a mixture of hydrochlorate of ammonia and chalk, when chloride of calcium, and carbonate of ammonia, are formed, the latter rises in va...
-Ammoniae Bicarbonas. Bicarbonate Of Ammonia. (Not Officinal.)
Prep. By reducing the carbonate of ammonia to fine powder, spreading it out on a sheet of paper, and exposing it to the air for twenty-four hours, then keeping it in a well-stoppered bottle. Prop. ...
-Sulphate Of Ammonia. Appendix
Prop. & Comp. Sulphate of ammonia is represented by the formula, Nh4 O, So3. Use. It is introduced into the appendix of the Pharmacopoeia to be used in the purification of sulphuric acid. It is rar...
-Ammoniae Hydrochloras. [Murias. U. S.] Hydrochlorate Of Ammonia; Sal Ammoniac
Synonym. Ammoniae Murias. Edin. Dub. Prep. Generally prepared from gas liquor, by adding hydrochloric acid to neutralization, or by first forming a sulphate of ammonia, mixing this with common salt...
-Liquor Ammonias Acetatis. Solution Of Acetate Of Ammonia
This solution contains about five times as much acetate of ammonia as Liquor Ammonias Acetatis, Lond., and six times as much as Liquor Ammoniae Acetatis, Dub. Edin. The dilute solution of the London P...
-Ammoniae Benzoas. Benzoate Of Ammonia. [Not Officinal In U. S. P.]
Prep. (Solution of ammonia, three fluid ounces; benzoic acid, two ounces; distilled water, eight fluid ounces; dissolve and set aside to crystallize.) Prop. & Comp. It occurs in colourless laminar ...
-Ammonia Oxalas. Appendix B. Oxalate Of Ammonia; Also Its Watery Solution. [Not Officinal In U. S. P.]
Prep. By neutralizing a solution of oxalic acid by means of sesquicarbonate of ammonia, and subsequently evaporating and crystallizing the oxalate of ammonia which is formed. Prop. & Comp. & Use. C...
-Ammoniae Hydro-Sulphuretum. Appendix B. Hydrosul-Phuret Of Ammonia. [Not Officinal In U. S. P.] A Solution Of Hydro-Sulphuret Of Ammonia In Water
Prep. To be made by passing sulphuretted hydrogen gas through a solution of ammonia to saturation. Prop. & Comp. A greenish-yellow transparent liquid, with intensely disagreeable and pungent odour....
-Ammoniae Phosphas. Phosphate Of Ammonia. [Not Officinal In U. S. P.]
Prep. By mixing solutions of phosphoric acid and ammonia, and collecting the crystalline product which results. Prop. & Comp. Phosphate of ammonia, 3 Nh4 O, Po5 + 5 HO, forms large transparent pris...
-Metallic Preparations (Alphabetically Arranged). Aluminum
(Al. Eq.=1375.) This metal does not exist native, but is formed artificially from certain of its compounds. It has a steel-grey colour, sp. gr. 2.67, and is not readily oxidized. It forms only one ...
-Alumen. Alum. Sulphate Of Alumina And Potash, Crystallized
Prep. Usually made by burning alum schist, which contains metallic sulphurets as well as alumina, and subsequent exposure to air, by which means sulphuric acid is formed; this unites with the alumina,...
-Antimonium. Antimony
(Sb. Eq. = 122.) This element is not employed in medicine in its metallic state; all the preparations are prepared from the native or black tersul-phuret, the most abundant ore. The symbol Sb. is d...
-Sulphuret Of Antimony, Prepared. Appendix A
Prep. Made by fusing the ore, to separate it from impurities, and afterwards reducing it to powder. Prop. & Comp. It occurs in crystalline metallic-looking masses, which have a striated appearance,...
-Antimonium Sulphuratum. Sulphurated Antimony
Synonym. Antimonii Oxysulphuretum. Lond. Sulphuretum Aureum. Edin. Precipitatum. Pub. Prep. By boiling ten ounces of prepared sulphuret of antimony for two hours with four pints and a h...
-Antimonium Tartaratum. Tartarated Antimony. [Antimonii Et Potassae Tartras, U. S.]
Synonym. Antimonii Potassio-Tartras. Lond. Often termed Tartar Emetic. Prep. By mixing five ounces of oxide of antimony with six ounces of acid tartrate of potash in line powder, and a little water...
-Antimonii Oxidum. Oxide Of Antimony
Prep. This is prepared by pouring a solution of terchloride of antimony into water, and treating the resulting precipitate of oxy-chloride of antimony with carbonate of soda, by which means oxide of a...
-Antimonii Terchloridi Liquor. Solution Of Terchloride Of Antimony. Terchloride Of Antimony (Sb Cl3), Dissolved In Hydrochloric Acid
Prep. Made by dissolving one pound of the prepared tersul-phuret in four pints of hydrochloric acid with the aid of heat, and reducing the solution to two pints. Prop. & Comp. A heavy liquid, of a ...
-Argentum. Silver
(Ag. Eq.=108.) Silver. Appendix A. Metallic Silver, refined. Silver, in its metallic state, is not used in medicine, except as a coating for pills, but is introduced in the Appendix for the purpose...
-Argenti Nitras. Nitrate Of Silver
Prep. Three ounces of refined silver are dissolved by the aid of a gentle heat in one fluid ounce and three quarters of nitric acid, previously diluted with five ounces of water; the clear solution is...
-Argenti Oxidum. Oxide Of Silver
Prep. A solution of half an ounce of nitrate of silver in four fluid ounces of distilled water, is poured into four pints or a sufficiency of lime water, and the mixture well shaken, and set aside to ...
-Arsenicum. Arsenic
(As. Eq.=75.) Arsenic occurs chiefly in the form of arseniuret of iron, nickel, or cobalt. Metallic arsenic is not employed in medicine; when pure, it is dark steel-coloured, with metallic lustre, cry...
-Acidum Arseniosum. Arsenious Acid; White Arsenic
Prep. Usually collected in flues during the smelting of the arseniurets, and afterwards purified by introducing some of the commercial arsenious acid into a thin porcelain capsule, and covering the ca...
-Ferri Arsenias. Arseniate Of Iron. See Iron Salts
Arsenic et Hydrargyri Hydriodatis Liquor. Solution of Hydriodate of Arsenic and Mercury; Donovan's Solution. (Not officinal.) Prep. (Pure arsenic, in fine powder, six grains: pure mercury sixteen grai...
-Aurum. Gold
(Au. Eq. = 196.5.) Aurum. Gold. Appendix B. [Not officinal in U. S. P.] Fine gold; in mass or leaf. Gold, when pure, is a soft, malleable, yellow metal; sp. gr. 19.5; introduced into the Pharmac...
-Barium
(Ba. Eq.=68.5.) Barium, the metallic base of the Baryta salts, when separated, forms a brilliant white metal. Barii Chloridum. Appendix B. Chloride of Barium, in crystals. Prep. By acting on the...
-Bismuth
(BI. Eq.=210.) Metallic Bismuth. Appendix A. Description. A pinkish white metal, occurring native, fusing readily, and crystallizing in cubes or octahedra; sp. gr. 9.8; soluble in nitric acid, prec...
-Bismuthum Album. White Bismuth. [Bismuthi Sub Nitras Sub Nitrate Of Bismuth. U. S. P.]
Synonym. Bismuthi Nitras. Lond. Bismuthi Subnitras. Dub. Prep. Made by dissolving two ounces of bismuth (in coarse powder) in two fluid ounces and a half of nitric acid, diluted with three ounces o...
-Cadmium
(Cd. EQ.=56.) Cadmium is a metal of a white color, resembling tin, and a bar of it creaks when it is bent in the same manner as tin. It is found as a sulphuret, in combination with some ores of zin...
-Calcium
(Ca. Eq.=20.) Calcium is the metallic base of lime; it occurs, when pure, as a white metal, which, when heated, oxidizes rapidly and is converted into lime. ...
-Calx. Lime, Recently Prepared From Chalk
Prep. Lime, or quick-lime, is made from chalk or carbonate of lime by strongly heating it, so as to drive off the carbonic acid. Prop. & Comp. It occurs in whitish masses, quite white when pure; of...
-Calcis Carbonas Praecipitata. Precipitated Carbonate Of Lime
Prep. By precipitating a solution of chloride of calcium with carbonate of soda, collecting and drying at 212. Prop. & Comp. Ca O, Co2. A white crystalline powder, in other respects correspond...
-Pulvis Cretae Aromaticus. Aromatic Powder Of Chalk. [Not Officinal In U. S. P.]
Synonym. Confectio Aromatica. Lond. (Prepared chalk, one pound; aromatic powder, three pounds.) Pulvis Cretae Aromaticus cum Opio. Aromatic Powder of Chalk and Opium. (Aromatic powder of chalk, ...
-Calcii Chloridum. Chloride Of Calcium. Appendix A
Prep. By dissolving white marble or chalk in hydrochloric acid, evaporating to dryness, afterwards fusing the salt at a dull red heat, and preserving it in well-closed bottles. Prop. & Comp. Chlori...
-Calx Chlorata. Chlorinated Lime. [Calx Chlorinata. It. S.]
Prep. By passing chlorine gas over hydrate of lime loosely spread out in a proper chamber or vessel until it is completely saturated. Prop. & Comp. A whitish powder, having the odour of chlorine an...
-Calcis Phosphas Praecipitata. Precipitated Phosphate Of Lime
Prep. By dissolving bone ash in hydrochloric acid, precipitating the solution with ammonia, and drying at a temperature not exceeding 212. Prop. & Comp. A white powder insoluble in water, but ...
-Cerium
Some of the salts of cerium, a metal which exists in a few rare minerals, as cerite, have been made use of in medicine. The oxide and the oxalate of cerium have been most frequently used, and occasion...
-Copper
(Cu. Eq. = 31.75.) Cuprum. Copper. Appendix B. Copper, in the form of foil, thin and bright. Prop. & Use. Metallic copper has a well-known peculiar red colour; sp. gr. 8.86; malleable and ductile; ...
-Sulphate Of Copper Of Commerce. Appendix A
Cupri Sulphas. Sulphate of Copper (purified). Sulphate of Copper (Anhydrous). Appendix B. Sulphate of copper deprived of its water by heat. Prep. The native sulphuret of copper, called copper py...
-Solution Of Ammonio-Sulphate Of Copper. Appendix B
Prep. (Sulphate of copper in crystals, half an ounce; solution of ammonia, a sufficiency; distilled water, a sufficiency. Dissolve the sulphate of copper in eight fluid ounces of the water, and to the...
-Subacetate Of Copper Of Commerce. Appendix B. Verdigris; Aerugo
Prep. By exposing copper-plates to the action of the fermenting marc of grapes, or pyroligneous acid, when this salt forms on the surface. Prop. & Comp. In powder or masses consisting of very minut...
-Ferrum. Iron. Iron Wire. Appendix A
(fe. Eq.=28.) Iron wire is used in the Pharmacopoeia for the formation of the iodide, the sulphate, and the granulated sulphate; and when thus employed, should be soft or wrought iron, which is f...
-Ferri Carbonas Saccharata. Saccharated Carbonate Of Iron. [Not Officinal In U. S. Ph.]
Prep. Made by decomposing a solution of the sulphate of iron, by means of carbonate of soda, collecting the precipitated carbonate on a filter, and having first subjected it to expression, rubbing it ...
-Ferri Iodidum. Iodide Of Iron. [Not Officinal In U. S. P.]
Prep. Made by dissolving iron wire and iodine in water with the aid of heat, and evaporating and allowing the product to solidify. Prop. & Comp. Iodide of iron is crystalline; of a green colour, wi...
-Ferri Sulphas. Sulphate Of Iron
Ferri Sulphas Exsiccata. Dried Sulphate of Iron. Ferri Sulphas Granulata. Granulated Sulphate of Iron. [Not officinal in the U. S. P.] Prep. Sulphate of Iron is made by dissolving iron wire in s...
-Ferri Arsenias. Arseniate Of Iron. [Not Officinal In U. S. P.]
Prep. Made by precipitating a mixed solution of arseniate of soda (four parts) and acetate of soda (three parts) by a solution (of nine parts) of sulphate of iron; collecting and washing the precipita...
-Ferri Phosphas. Phosphate Of Iron
Prep. In the same manner as the arseniate of iron, phosphate of soda being made use of in the place of arseniate of soda. (Sulphate of iron, three parts; phosphate of soda, two parts and a-half; aceta...
-Ferri Oxiduin Magneticum. Magnetic Oxide Of Iron. [Not Officinal In U. S. P.]
Synonym. Ferri Oxidum Nigrum. Edin. Prep. By dissolving two parts of sulphate of iron in water acidulated with sulphuric acid, and boiling this mixture with a little nitric acid, until on the sudde...
-Ferri Peroxidum. Peroxide Of Iron. [Not Officinal In U S. P.]
Prep. By drying the hydrated peroxide of iron, and reducing it to powder. Prop. & Comp. A dark-brown powder, insoluble in water, but soluble in hydrochloric acid; diluted with half its volume of wa...
-Ferri Peroxidum Hydratum. Hydrated Peroxide Of Iron
Prep. Made by precipitating a solution of persulphate of iron with soda, collecting the precipitate on a calico filter, and preserving it, without drying, in a well-covered vessel. [In the U. S. P., a...
-Ferri Perchloridi Liquor. Solution Of Perchloride Of Iron. [Not Officinal In U. S. P.]
Prep. Made by dissolving iron wire in hydrochloric acid, and subsequently peroxidising the iron by evaporating the solution with nitric acid, and afterwards diluting with water to the proper strength....
-Ferri Pernitratis Liquor. Solution Of Pernitrate Of Iron. [Liquor Ferri Nitratis. Solution Of Nitrate Of Iron. U. S.]
Prep. By dissolving iron wire in nitric acid and diluting to the proper strength. One ounce of iron wire with three fluid ounces of nitric acid are used in preparing thirty ounces of the solution. ...
-Solution Of Persulphate Of Iron. Appendix A
[Liquor Ferri Tersulphatis. Solution of Tersulphate of Iron. U.S.] Prep. By boiling a solution of protosulphate of iron and sul-phuric acid with nitric acid, until all the proto- is converted into ...
-Ferri Et Ammoniae Citras. Ammonio-Citrate Of Iron
Prep. The hydrated peroxide recently precipitated from the solution of the persulphate by means of ammonia is dissolved in a solution of citric acid by the aid of heat, the liquid neutralized by the a...
-Ferrum Tartaratum. Tartarated Iron; Tartarate Of Iron And Potash
Synonym. Ferri Potassio-Tartras (Lond. 1851). [Ferri et Potassae Tartras. U. S.] Prep. This is prepared by mixing the recently precipitated hydrated peroxide of iron with a solution of acid tartrat...
-Ferri Et Quiniae Citras. Citrate Of Iron And Quinia
Prep. A mixture of the freshly precipitated peroxide and protoxide of iron (prepared by precipitating a solution of the persulphate and protosulphate of iron by means of soda) is dissolved in a soluti...
-Hydrargyrum. Mercury
(Hg. Eq.=100.) Hydrargyrum. Mercury; Quicksilver. Prep. Mercury is obtained chiefly from its sulphuret, native cinnabar, by distillation with iron; sometimes it is met with in its metallic state, s...
-Calomelas. Calomel; Subchloride Of Mercury. [Hydrargyri Chloridum Mite. Mild Chloride Of Mercury. U. S.]
Synonym. Hydrargyri Chloridum. Lond. Prep. Sulphate of mercury, ten ounces; mercury, by weight, seven ounces; chloride of sodium, dried, five ounces; distilled water, a sufficiency. The sulphate of...
-Hydrargyrum Corrosivum Sublimatum. Corrosive Sublimate; Chloride Of Mercury. [Hydrargyri Chloridum Corrosivum. Corrosive Chloride Of Mercury. U.S.]
Synonym. Hydrargyri Bichloridum. Lond. Prep. Sulphate of mercury, twenty ounces; chloride of sodium, dried, ten ounces; black oxide of manganese, in fine powder, one ounce. The sulphate and the chl...
-Hydrargyrum Ammoniatum. Ammoniated Mercury; Am-Monio-Chloride Of Mercury; White Precipitate Of Mercury
Synonym. Hydrargyri Ammonio-Chloridum. Lond. Dub. Hydrargyri Praecipitatum Album. Edin. Prep. Corrosive sublimate, three ounces; solution of ammonia, four ounces; distilled water, three pints. Diss...
-Hydrargyri Iodidum Viride. Green Iodide Of Mercury
Prep. Mercury, by weight, one ounce; iodine, two hundred and seventy-eight grains; rectified spirit, as much as may be necessary. Rub the mercury and iodine together, gradually adding the spirit, unti...
-Hydrargyrum Iodidum Rubrum. Red Iodide Of Mercury
Prep. Four ounces of corrosive sublimate, and five ounces of iodide of potassium, are dissolved separately in water, and the two solutions mixed; the red iodide is precipitated, and is separated by de...
-Hydrargyri Nitratis Liquor Acidus. Acid Solution Of Nitrate Of Mercury
Prep. Mercury, four ounces; nitric acid, three fluid ounces and a quarter; distilled water, three fluid ounces. Mix the nitric acid and the water, and dissolve the mercury in the mixture without heat;...
-Hydrargyri Sulphuretum. (Not Officinal.) [Hydrargyri Sul-Phuretum Rubrum. Red Sulphuret Of Mercury. U. S.] Sul-Phuret Of Mercury; Artificial Cinnabar, Called In London Pharmacopoeia Of 1851, Hydrargyri Bisulphuretum
Prep. Lond. Mix mercury and sulphur in equivalent proportions, melt them over a fire, and as soon as the mass swells remove the vessel and strongly cover it lest the mixture take fire; then rub the ma...
-Sulphate Of Mercury. Appendix A
Prep. Made by dissolving twenty ounces, by weight, of mercury, in twelve fluid ounces of sulphuric acid with the aid of heat; and subsequently evaporating until a dry white salt remains. Prop. & Co...
-Lithium. (L. Eq.=7.)
Lithium, the metallic base of lithia, does not exist native, but can be obtained from various minerals, as lepidolite, triphylline, etc, and derives its name from a stone, as ...
-Lithiae Citras. Citrate Of Lithia
Prep. Made by dissolving fifty grains of carbonate of lithia in one fluid ounce of water containing ninety grains of citric acid, by the aid of heat, evaporating the solution till water ceases to esca...
-Magnesium
(Mg. Eq. = 12.) Magnesium, the metallic base of the magnesian salts, does not exist native; when obtained artificially, it is a brilliant grey-coloured metal; sp. gr. 1.7; not readily oxidated exce...
-Magnesia. Magnesia; Protoxide Of Magnesium
Magnesia Levis. Light Magnesia. Prep. Carbonate of magnesia, four ounces, burnt in a Cornish or Hessian crucible closed loosely by a lid, and exposed to a red heat, as long as a little of the powde...
-Magnesias Carbonas. Carbonate Of Magnesia. Synonym. Magnesiae Carbonas Ponderosum. Dub
Magnesiae Carbonas Levis. Light Carbonate of Magnesia. Prep. Sulphate of magnesia, twelve ounces; carbonate of soda, twelve ounces; distilled water, a sufficiency. Dissolve the carbonate and sulpha...
-Magnesias Sulphas. Sulphate Of Magnesia; Epsom Salts
Prep. Generally made, at the present time, from dolomite, a magnesian lime-stone (consisting of the carbonates of lime and magnesia), by treating it with sulphuric acid, which dissolves out the magnes...
-Manganesium. Manganese
(Mn. Eq.=27.5). Black Oxide of Manganese. Binoxide of Manganese. Prop. & Comp. Binoxide of manganese, called also black oxide of manganese, is found native, sometimes crystallized, sometimes amorph...
-Platinum
(Pt. Eq. = 98.5.) Platinum, a heavy, dull, white metal; sp. gr. 21; not acted on by any acid, only by chlorine, or nitro-hydrochloric acid. ...
-Solution Of Bichloride Of Platinum. Appendix B
Prep. By dissolving platinum in aqua regia, with heat. A mixture of half a fluid ounce of nitric acid with three fluid ounces of hydrochloric acid, and two fluid ounces of distilled water, are poured ...
-Plumbum. Lead
(Pb. Eq. = 103.5.) Metallic lead is not employed in medicine; but when individuals are exposed for a long time to its influence, as by handling it, they exhibit symptoms of slow poisoning. ...
-Lithargyrum. Litharge. Protoxide Of Lead. Plumbi Oxidum. Oxide Of Lead. U. S
Synonym. Plumbi Oxidum. Lond. Dub. Prep. It is usually made during the cupellation of lead ores containing silver, when the oxide becomes fused or semi-vitrified. Prop. & Comp. Red or orange-red...
-Plumbi Iodidum. Iodide Of Lead. (Not Officinal.) [Officinal In U. S. P.]
Prep. Made by precipitating a clear solution of acetate of lead by means of iodide of potassium. In this process iodide of lead and acetate of potash are formed by double decomposition. Prop. & Com...
-Plumbi Acetas. Acetate Of Lead; Sugar Of Lead
Prep. By dissolving litharge in dilute acetic acid, and subsequent evaporation and crystallization. Prop. & Comp. Generally in white spongy-looking masses, composed of interlaced acicular crystals;...
-Plumbi Carbonas. Carbonate Of Lead
Prep. Often made by exposing sheets of metallic lead to the fumes of acetic and carbonic acids, from vinegar and spent tan. Prop. & Comp. A heavy white powder insoluble in water, blackened by sulph...
-Potassium
(K. Eq.=39.) This metal, called also Kalium, does not exist native, but can be obtained from potash salts; when pure, it has a metallic lead colour; sp. gr. 0.86; rapidly oxidizes, and is converted...
-Liquor Potassse. Solution Of Potash
Prep. Carbonate of potash, one pound; slaked lime, twelve ounces; distilled water, a gallon. Dissolve the carbonate in the water, and having heated the solution to the boiling point in a clean iron ve...
-Potassa Caustica. Caustic Potash
Synonym. Potassae Hydras. Lond. Potassa. Edin. Prep. Two pints of the solution of potash, are evaporated in a silver or clean iron vessel over a fire, until the ebullition being finished, the hydra...
-Potassae Carbcnas. Carbonate Of Potash
Prep. From pearl-ashes (made from the ashes of wood) by solution in a small amount of water and crystallization, in which process most of the other salts contained in the wood are left undissolved. By...
-Potassae Bicarbonas. Bicarbonate Of Potash
Prep. Made by passing a stream of carbonic acid through a solution of the carbonate in water unto saturation, and subsequent crystallization. Prop. & Comp. The bicarbonate occurs in large transpare...
-Potassae Acetas. Acetate Of Potash
Prep. Acetic acid, forty ounces, or a sufficiency; carbonate of potash, twenty ounces. To the acetic acid, placed in a thin porcelain basin, add gradually the carbonate of potash; then strain; if nece...
-Potassae Citras. Citrate Of Potash
Prep. By neutralizing carbonate of potash with citric acid, when carbonic acid gas is liberated and citrate of potash formed, each equivalent of citric acid decomposing three equivalents of the carbon...
-Potassae Tartras. Tartrate Of Potash
Prep. Made by boiling the acid or bitartrate with carbonate of potash, when an equivalent of water in the acid salt is replaced by one of potash, and carbonic acid given off. Prop. & Comp. Small gr...
-Potasses Tartras Acida. Acid Tartrate Of Potash. (Cream Of Tartar, Crystallized.)
Synonym. Potassae Bitartras. Prep. From argol, the deposit which occurs on the inside of wine-casks, by purification with charcoal and clay. It is called cream of tartar, from the purest crystals b...
-Potassae Sulphas. Sulphate Of Potash
Prep. From the residuum of the distillation of nitric acid when made by treating nitre with sulphuric acid, which consists of bisulphate of potash (KO, HO, 2 So3), not quite pure. This is dissolved in...
-Potassae Nitras. Nitrate Of Potash; Nitre
Prep. Certain soils in India contain nitrates of lime and potash; these, by being treated with wood ashes (carbonate of potash), yield nitrate of potash and carbonate of lime; the former is dissolved ...
-Potassse Chloras. Chlorate Of Potash, Formerly Called Oxymu-Riate Of Potash
Prep. By passing a stream of chlorine gas through a mixture of carbonate of potash and slaked lime: when saturation has taken place, chlorate of potash and chloride of potassium are formed; the former...
-Potasses Permanganas. Permanganate Of Potash
Prep. Chlorate of potash and oxide of manganese, in fine powder, are mixed together; caustic potash, dissolved in a small quantity of water, is added, and the whole evaporated to dryness, and then exp...
-Potassii Iodidum. Iodide Of Potassium
Prep. The mode of preparing this salt consists in adding iodine to a solution of potash, when the following changes ensue (6 KO + I6 = 5 KI + KO, Io5). The mixture of the two salts, namely, the iodide...
-Potassii Bromidum. Bromide Of Potassium
Prep. The same as iodide of potassium, substituting an equivalent quantity of bromine for iodine. It can also be formed by the second or iron process. Prop. & Comp. This salt forms white transparen...
-Potassa Sulphurata. Sulphurated Potash; [Potassii Sulphur-Etum. U. S.] Hepar Sulphuris
Synonym. Potassii Sulphuretum. Lond. Prep. By mixing together sulphur and carbonate of potash, and afterwards heating in a crucible till they have combined. Prop. & Comp. A brown liver-coloured ...
-Potassii Ferrocyanidum. Appendix A. Ferrocyanide Of Potassium; Yellow Prussiate Of Potash
Prep. This salt is always formed when carbonate of potash and animal matters, as hoofs, horns, etc, are heated to redness along with iron, as in an iron pot, or with iron nails; from the incinerated m...
-Sodium
(Na. Eq.=23.) This metal, called also Natrium, is contained in the soda salts, but does not exist native; when pure, it resembles silver in colour, but is soft; sp. gr. 0.97; rapidly oxidizes, and ...
-Liquor Sodae. Solution Of Soda
Prep. Carbonate of soda, one pound; slaked lime, twelve ounces; distilled water, a gallon. Prepared in the same manner as directed for the solution of potash. The changes which take place in this proc...
-Soda Caustica. Caustic Soda; Hydrate Of Soda. [Not Officinal In U. S. P.]
Prep. Made by evaporating solution of soda to an oily consistence, and pouring it on a clean silver or iron plate to solidify. Prop. & Comp. It occurs in white fragments or cakes, alkaline and corr...
-Sodae Carbonas. Carbonate Of Soda
Prep. Formerly derived from kelp or barilla, the ashes obtained from burning sea-weeds, and species of salsola; it is now almost always made from common salt, by converting the chloride of sodium into...
-Sodas Bicarbonas. Bicarbonate Of Soda
Prep. From the carbonate, in the same way as the bicarbonate of potash is prepared. Prop. & Comp. It forms an opaque white powder, or minute crystals, slightly alkaline, and not caustic; soluble in...
-Sodae Sulphas. (Not Officinal.) [Officinal In U. S. P.] Sulphate Of Soda; Glauber's Salts
Prep. By treating common salt with sulphuric acid in the process for making hydrochloric acid; it is found native, and exists in sea-water. Prop. & Comp. It forms six-sided oblique rhombic prisms, ...
-Sodae Sulphis. Sulphite Of Soda. (Not Officinal.) [Officinal. U. S. P.]
Prep. By neutralizing the bisulphite of soda with carbonate of soda, and crystallizing. The bisulphite is formed by saturating a solution of carbonate of soda with sulphurous acid gas. Prop. & Comp...
-Nitrite Of Soda. Appendix A. [Not Officinal In U. S. P.]
Prep. By heating in a clay crucible, to dull redness, one pound of nitrate of soda, with an ounce and a quarter of recently burned charcoal in fine powder. In this process the nitrate is partially deo...
-Borax. Borax, Biborate Of Soda. [Sodae Boras. U. S.]
Synonym. Sodae Biboras. Dub. Prep. Found native in Thibet, and imported from India as tincal or crude borax; made also in Tuscany by neutralizing the boracic acid, obtained from the lagoons with ca...
-Liquor Sodae Chloratae. Solution Of Chlorinated Soda. [Liquor Sodae Chlorinata. U. S.]
Prep. Carbonate of soda, twelve ounces; distilled water, forty-five fluid ounces; chloride of sodium, four ounces; binoxide of manganese, three ounces; sulphuric acid, two fluid ounces and a half. Dis...
-Sodae Et Potassae Tartras. Tartrate Of Soda And Potash; Rochelle Salt
Prep. Made by saturating bitartrate of potash with carbonate of soda, when the basic equivalent of water is replaced by one of soda, and carbonic acid given off. Prop. & Comp. Four or six-sided pri...
-Stannum. Tin
(Sn. Eq.=59.) Granulated Tin. Appendix B. Grain Tin, prepared by fusing and pouring it into cold water, is now introduced for the preparation of chloride of tin. Therapeutics. This metal is not,...
-Zincum. Zinc
(Zn. Eq.=32-5.) Zinc, and Granulated Zinc. Appendix. Prep. Obtained from the sulphuret, Blende, or the native carbonate, Calamine, by distillation with carbonaceous matters. Granulated zinc is prep...
-Zinci Oxidum. Oxide Of Zinc
Prep. Made by heating the carbonate of zinc in a loosely covered crucible exposed to a dull red heat; the carbonic acid is driven off, and the oxide of zinc remains. Prop. & Comp. A white powder, w...
-Zinci Chloridum. Chloride Of Zinc
Prep. Made by dissolving granulated zinc in hydrochloric acid, digesting for some hours with heat, filtering, and adding solution of chlorine, until the fluid acquires a permanent odour of that gas; a...
-Zinci Sulphas. Sulphate Of Zinc; White Vitriol
Prep. By dissolving zinc in dilute sulphuric acid, filtering and mixing with a solution of chlorine, and subsequently adding carbonate of zinc, as directed in the preparation of the chloride; evaporat...
-Zinci Carbonas. Carbonate Of Zinc
Prep. By precipitating a solution of sulphate of zinc with carbonate of soda, washing and drying the precipitate. Prop. & Comp. A white powder, without odour or taste, insoluble in water, soluble w...
-Zinci Acetas. Acetate Of Zinc
Prep. By dissolving carbonate of zinc in acetic acid, evaporating and crystallizing. Prop. & Comp. Acetate of zinc occurs in thin colourless plates, of a pearly lustre, and a sharp unpleasant taste...
-Alcoholic And Ethereal Preparations, And Chloroform
Alcohol. Appendix B. Anhydrous, or Absolute Alcohol. Prep. Ordered to be made by mixing one pint of rectified spirits of wine, with eighteen ounces of freshly-burnt lime, and distilling with a chlo...
-Spiritus Rectificatus. Rectified Spirit
Prep. Alcohol is a product of the vinous fermentation of sugar, occurring in wine, malt liquors, etc.: these when distilled, afford spirits, such as brandy and rum; and re-distilled, give rectified sp...
-Off. Prep. Spiritus Tenuior. Proof Spirit, Or Weak Alcohol
Prep. (By adding to every five pints of rectified spirit, three pints of distilled water, at a temperature of 60 Fah.) It contains 49 per cent. of alcohol. Sp. gr. 0.920. Use. Rectified Spirit...
-Spiritus VILLI Gallici. Brandy, Or Spirit Distilled From French Wine. (Not Officinal.) [Officinal In U. S. P.] [Spiritus Fru-Menti. Whiskey. U. S.]
Prop. & Comp. Brandy contains about 53 per cent. of alcohol, together with some volatile oil and oenanthic ether; it is almost white when first distilled, but in the cask acquires some colour, and it ...
-Spiritus Pyroxylicus Rectificatus. Pyroxylic Spirit. [Not Officinal In U. S. P.]
Prep. Obtained as one of the products of the dry distillation of wood, hence called Wood Spirit. Prop. & Comp. It is defined in the Pharmacopoeia to be a hydrated oxide of methyl (C2 H3 O, HO), wit...
-Cerevisiae Fermentum. Yeast Of Beer. [Fermentum. Yeast. U.S.]
Prep. During the fermentation of an infusion of malt, by the action of yeast, a fresh formation of the ferment (yeast) is produced from the albuminous principles contained in the malt. Prop. & Comp...
-Ether. Ether
Synonym. aether Sulphuricus. Edin. Dub. Prep. Ether is prepared by the action of sulphuric acid upon alcohol, the proportion of acid employed being much less than that used in the formation of oleu...
-Ether. (Pure.) Appendix A
Prep. Ether is purified by well washing it with water, digesting it for twenty-four hours with recently burned lime and chloride of calcium, and then distilling it from this mixture with a gentle heat...
-Spiritus Aetheris Nitrosi. Spirits Of Nitrous Ether
Synonym. Spiritus Etheris Nitrici. Lond. Edin. Prep. Rectified spirit, two pints; nitrate of soda, five ounces; sulphuric acid, four fluid ounces. Add the acid by degrees to the spirit, then pour t...
-Chloroformum. Chloroform. [The U. S. P. Recognizes Chloro-Formum Venale. Commercial Chloroform. Sp. Gr. 1.450 To 1.490 And Chloroformum Purificatum. Purified Chloroform. Sp. Gr. 1.490 To 1.494.]
Prep. Chlorinated lime, ten pounds; rectified spirit, thirty fluid ounces; water, three gallons; chloride of calcium, broken into fragments, two ounces; slaked lime, a sufficiency; sulphuric acid, a s...
-Hydrocarbons From The Destruction Of Wood By Fire, Or Found Native
Creosotum. Creosote, or Kreosote. [Creasotum. Creasote. U. S.] A product of the distillation of Wood Tar. Prep. During the destructive distillation of wood in the preparation of pyroligneous acid, ...
-Organic Substances. Vegetable Kingdom
Vegetables should be gathered in dry weather, and not when wet with rain or dew. They should be collected annually, and not be kept beyond a year. Most roots and rhizomes should be dug up after the...
-Class I. Exogenae. Sub-Class I. Thalamiflorae. Ranunculaceae
Aconitum. Aconite. The fresh leaves and flowering tops of Aconitum napellus, Monkshood; Lin. Syst., Polyandria trigynia. Gathered when about one-third of the flowers are expanded, from plants cultivat...
-Aconitia. Aconitia. Aconitina. An Alkaloid Obtained From Aconite Root
Description. The leaves are deep green on the upper surface, lighter beneath, smooth, five-partite, the segments wedge-shaped and pinnately cut. The root is fusiform, like a carrot, from one to three ...
-Magnoliaceae
Cortex Winteri. (Not officinal.) Winter's Bark. The bark of Drymis Winteri, or Drymis Aromatica; Lin. Syst., Polyandria tetragynia; a large tree found by Captain Winter, in 1578, on the coasts of the ...
-Menispermaceae
Calumba. Calumbo. The root of the Cocculus palmatus, Ca-lumba plant; Lin. Syst., Dioecia hexandria; sometimes called Columbo root; the name was supposed to be derived from Columbo, the modern capital ...
-Papaverceae
Papaver. Poppy Capsules. The nearly ripe Capsules of Papaver somniferum, the Garden, or Opium Poppy; Lin. Syst., Polyan-dria monogynia; a native of Syria and Egypt, cultivated in Britain. Descripti...
-Papaverceae. Part 2
[Morphiae Sulphas. Sulphate of Morphia, U. S. Made by dissolving morphia in dilute sulphuric acid, evaporating and crystallizing. In snow-white, feathery, crystals, wholly soluble in water. Compositio...
-Papaverceae. Part 3
One grain of dry opium is contained in fourteen minims and a half of the tincture. [Opium, dried in powder, two troy ounces and a half; water, alcohol, each a pint; diluted alcohol, a sufficient quant...
-Papaverceae. Part 4
The influence of opium upon the different organs and functions of the body may be thus enumerated: On the Digestive Organs; it impairs appetite and the digestive process, causes thirst, diminishes ...
-Action Of The Other Constituents Of Opium
Codeia is stated to act like morphia; the author questions the statement, having repeatedly found 5 grains of codeia fail to relieve pain (in the case of a patient suffering from a tumour pressing on ...
-Cruciferae, Or Brassicaceae
Sinapis. Mustard. The seed of Sinapis nigra and Sinapis alba, or Black and White Mustard; Lin. Syst., Tetradynamia siliquosa: plants common in Europe. Description. Black mustard seeds are very smal...
-Violacae
Viola. Violet. (Not officinal.) The recent petals of Viola odorata, the Sweet Violet; Lin. Syst., Pentandria monogynia: indigenous. Description. Small petals, having a very agreeable characteristic...
-Polygalaceae
Senega. Senega; the root of Polygala Senega; Liu. Syst., Dia-delphia octandria: a small plant growing in the United States of America. Description. Root-stock, or knotty head with roots proceeding ...
-Linaceae
Lini Semen. The seed of Linum usitatissimum; common Linseed or Flax; Lin. Syst., Pentandria pentagyuia: an indigenous plant. Lini Farina. Linseed Meal. Lini Oleum. Linseed Oil. Description. The ...
-Malvaceae
Althaea. Marsh-mallow. (Not officinal.) [Officinal in U. S. P.] The root of Althaea officinalis, or March-mallow; Lin. Syst., Monodelphia polyandria: growing throughout Europe. Description. Small c...
-Pyroxylin. Gun Cotton. (Appendix A.)
Prep. By immersing cotton wool in equal parts of sulphuric acid and nitric acid, afterwards well washing, and drying in a water-bath. (A weaker acid is required for making a soluble pyroxylin.) Pro...
-Collodium. Collodion
Prep. Pyroxylin, one ounce; ether, thirty-six fluid ounces; rectified spirit, twelve fluid ounces. Dissolve the pyroxylin in the ether, mixed previously with the rectified spirit. Prop. & Comp. A c...
-Aurantiaceae
Aurantii Cortex. Bitter Orange Peel. The exterior rind of the fruit of Citrus Bigaradia, the Seville or bitter orange tree; Lyn. Syst., Polydelphia polyandria: growing in Southern Europe, Spain, etc. ...
-Guttiferae
Cambogia. Gamboge. The gum resin from undetermined species of Garcinia, imported from Siam. The Ceylon variety is derived from Hebradendron gambogioides. [Gambogia. Gamboge. The concrete juice of an u...
-Cakeiiaceae
Canella. Canella. (Not officinal.) [Officinal in U. S. P.] The bark of Canella alba or Laurel-leaved Canella; Lin. Syst., Dodecandria monogynia: growing in the West Indies. Description. The bark oc...
-Vitaceae
Uvae. Raisins. The ripe fruit of Vitis vinifera, or the Grape Vine, dried in the sun or with artificial heat; Lin. Syst., Pen-tandria monogynia. [Uva passa. The dried fruit of Vitis vinifera. IT. S.] ...
-Zygophyllaceae
Guaiaci Lignum. Guaiacum, or Guaiac Wood. Lignum Vitas. The Wood of Guaiacum Officinale, the Officinal Guaiacum Tree; a native of St. Domingo and Jamaica; in the form of shavings or raspings. Guaia...
-Rutaceae
Ruta. Rue. The leaf of Ruta graveolens, or Common Rue; Lin. Syst., Decandria monogynia: a plant growing throughout Europe. (Not officinal.) Rutae Oleum. English. Oil of Rue. Distilled from the fres...
-Simarubaceae
Quassia. Quassia. The wood of Picraena excelsa: [Simaruba excelsa. U. S.] Lin. Syst., Polygamia monoecia; from Jamaica. This forms Jamaica quassia. The wood of Quassia amara was formerly imported as S...
-Terebinthaceae
Terebinthina Chia. Chian Turpentine. (Not officinal.) An oleo-resin flowing from the incised trunk of the Pistacia ter-ebinthus; Lin. Syst., Dioecia pentandria. The tree from which this oleo-resin is ...
-Leguminosae
Papilionaceae. Glycyrrhiza. Liquorice root. The recent and dried root or underground stem of Glycyrrhiza glabra; Lin. Syst., Diadel-phia decandria: cultivated in England; the fresh root should be k...
-Leguminosae. Continued
Kino. Kino. The juice (hardened in the sun) flowing from the incised bark of Pterocarpus marsupium, or Indian Kino Tree; Lin. Syst., Diadelphia decandria: growing near the Malabar Coast. Other varieti...
-Cisalpinae
Haematoxylum. Logwood. The wood of Haematoxylum cam-pechianum; Lin. Syst., Decandria monogynia: a native of Campeachy; grows in the West India Islands and in India. Description. It occurs in billet...
-Cisalpinae. Part 2
Infusum Sennae. Infusion of Senna. (Senna, half an ounce; ginger, sliced, thirty grains; boiling distilled water, ten fluid ounces. [Senna, a troy ounce; coriander, bruised, sixty grains; boiling ...
-Cisalpinae. Part 3
The oleo-resin is perfectly soluble in rectified spirit. It dissolves one-fourth of its weight of carbonate of magnesia by the aid of heat, and remains transparent. [Pilule Copaibas. Pills of Copai...
-Solution Of Sulphate Of Indigo
Prep. By dissolving five grains of indigo in one fluid drachm of sulphuric acid with the aid of heat, and then diluting with ten fluid ounces of water. Prop. & Comp. Indigo owes its fine colour to ...
-Rosaceae
Rosa Centifolia. Cabbage-Rose Petals. The fresh petals of Rosa centifolia, the Cabbage, Damask, or Hundred-leaved Rose; [The petals of Rosa centifolia. U. S.] Lin. Syst., Icosandria polygynia; cultiva...
-Rosaceae. Continued
Amygdala. Jordan Almonds. The seed of Amygdalus communis (the sweet variety), the Sweet Almond Tree; Lin. Syst., Icosandria monogynia; growing in Syria, Persia, also in Northern Africa and Southern Eu...
-Myrtaceae
Caryophyllum. [Caryophyllus. U. S.] Cloves. The unex-panded flower-bud, dried, of Caryophyllus aromaticus, or Clove Tree; Lin. Syst., Icosandria monogynia; growing in the East Indian Islands, Penang, ...
-Granaceae
Granati Radix. Pomegranate Root. The bark of the root, fresh or dried, of Punica granatum; [Granati Radicis Cortex. The bark of the root of Punica Granatum. Granati Fructus Cortex. The rind of the fru...
-Cucurbitaceae
Colocynthis. Colocynth. The dried decorticated fruit, freed from the seeds, of Citrullus (Cucumis) colocynthis, or Colocynth Gourd; Lin. Syst., Moncecia monadelphia; a plant growing on the shores of t...
-Umbelliferae
Conium. Hemlock. The fresh leaves and branches of Conium maculatum, Hemlock (the wild herb); Lin. Syst., Petandria digynia; gathered when the fruit begins to form; indigenous, growing in hedges and wi...
-Umbelliferae. Part 2
Adulteration. Mechanical impurities, as sand, stones, etc, occasionally met with. Galbanum. The gum resin derived from an unascertained umbelliferous plant (Galbanum officinale ?). Some doubt exist...
-Umbelliferae. Part 3
Off. Prep. Aqua Foeniculi. Fennel Water. (Sweet fennel fruit bruised, twenty ounces; water, two gallons, distil one gallon.) [Oil of fennel, half a fluid drachm; carbonate of magnesia, sixty grains; w...
-Caprifoliaceae
Sambucus. Elder Flower. The recent flower of Sambucus niger, [Sambucus canadensis. IT. S.] Lin. Syst., Petandria trigynia; indigenous. Description. The flowers are small, white, having a peculiar o...
-Cinchonaceae
Cinchona flava. Yellow Bark. From Cinchona calisaya. Cinchona pallida. Pale or Brown Bark. From Cinchona con-daminea. Cinchona rubra. Red Bark. From Cinchona succirubra. [The bark of an undeterm...
-Cinchonaceae. Part 2
This bark yields quinine, much quinidine, also some cinchonine. Cinchona lancifolia grows at a great elevation in the forests near Bogota, in New Granada, and is now known as Cinchona condaminea (v...
-Cinchonaceae. Part 3
An alkaloid aricine (C20 H12 No3 ?) was found by Pelletier in arica; it has not, however, been rediscovered, and some doubts exist with regard to it. It is stated to crystallize in needles, to be solu...
-Cinchonaceae. Part 4
Tartrates, phosphates, citrates, tannates of the cinchona alkaloids have been occasionally proposed as remedial agents; and the hy-drochlorate of cinchonine has lately been employed in medicine. Of...
-Action Of The Cinchona Acids
Cinchotannic acid and red cinchonic produce the same astringent effects upon the system as tannic and gallic acids. The action of hinic and kinovic acids is unknown. ...
-Action Of The Cinchona Alkaloids
Quinia, or any salt of this alkaloid, produces all the effects of yellow cinchona bark, except that it is not astringent; it may be given in all cases where bark is indicated - generally with some adv...
-Action Of The Different Kinds Of Cinchona Barks
No very well marked difference in the action of the different barks has yet been established: there can be no doubt, however, that their effects depend on the alkaloids contained in them, and conseque...
-Action Of The Different Kinds Of Cinchona Barks. Continued
Description. Annulated or Brazilian ipecacuan, as it is named to distinguish it from another kind, called striated or Peruvian ipecacuan, the produce of Psychotria emetica, is in the form of contorted...
-Valebianaceae
Valeriana. Valerian. The root of Valeriana officinalis, dried; Lin. Syst., Triandria monogynia; indigenous and cultivated; the wild plant growing on dry soils is to be preferred. Description. As me...
-Valerianate Of Soda. Appendix
Prep. Prepared by distilling Fousel oil with a mixture of sulphuric acid and bichromate of potash, and saturating the distilled fluid with soda. In this process Fousel oil, which is the alcohol of the...
-Zinci Valerianas. Valerianate Of Zinc
Prep. Prepared by mixing a solution of sulphate of zinc and valerianate of soda, and separating and purifying the crystals which are formed. Prop. & Comp. This salt occurs in pearly crystalline sca...
-Compositae
Inula. Elecampane. (Not officinal.) [Officinalin U. B. P.] The root of Inula helenium; Lin. Syst., Syngenesia superflua; indigenous, growing in damp meadows. Description. A thick elongated root, br...
-Compositae. Continued
Off. Prep. - Of the Flowers. Infusum Anthemidis. Infusion of Chamomile. (Chamomile flowers, half an ounce; boiling distilled water, ten fluid ounces.) [Chamomile flowers, half a troy ounce, boiling wa...
-Lobeliaceae
Lobelia. Lobelia. The flowering herb of Lobelia inflata, Indian Tobacco; Lin. Syst., Pentandria monogynia; indigenous in the United States. 19 Description. The whole herb is officinal; stem angular...
-Pyrolaceje
Chimaphila. Winter Green. (Not officinal.) [Officinal in U. S. P.] The herbaceous part of Chimaphila Uinbellata or Umbell-ed Winter Green, called also Pyrola; Lin. Syst., 'Decandria monogynia; growing...
-Ericaceae
Uva Ursi. Bearberry. The leaf of Aretostaphylos Uva Ursi. Whortleberry, Bear-berry or Trailing Arbutus; Lin. Syst., Decandria monogynia; growing in the Northern parts of Europe and America. Descrip...
-Styraceae
Styrax Preparatus. Prepared Storax. Liquid balsam from Liquidambar orientale; obtained from the bark in Asia Minor; purified by means of rectified spirit and straining. Description,. Storax occurs ...
-Acidum Benzoicum. Benzoic Acid. A Crystallized Acid Prepared From Gum Benzoin By Sublimation
Description. Benzoin occurs either in the form of reddish-white tears, separate or slightly adherent, or more frequently in masses consisting of the tears completely agglutinated with a brownish-red s...
-Oleaceae
Olivae Oleum. Olive Oil. An oil expressed from the fruit of Olea Europaea, the European Olive; Lin. Syst., Diandria mon-ogynia; growing near the shores of the Mediterranean. Sapo Durus. Hard Soap. ...
-Loganiaceae
Nux Vomica. The seeds of Strychnos Nux Vomica. Nux vomica, or Koochla Tree; Lin. Syst., Pentandria monogynia; growing in the East Indies. Strychnia. Strychnia, an alkaloid obtained from Nux Vomica....
-Asclepiadaceae
Hemidesmus. Hemidesmus. The Root of Hemidesmus Indicus; [Not officinal in U. S. P.] Lin. Syst., Pentandria digynia. Indian Sarsaparilla. Native of India. Description. Hemidesmus occurs in long cyli...
-Spigeliaceae
Spigelia. Carolina Pink. [Pink Root.] The root of Spigelia Marilandica; Lin. Syst., Pentandria inonogynia; native of the south and south-western parts of North America. (Not officinal.) [Officinal in ...
-Gentianaceae
Gentiana. Gentian. The dried root of Gentiana lutea, or Yellow Gentian; Lin. Syst., Pentandria digynia; growing chiefly in the European Alps and Pyrenees; imported from Marseilles and other French por...
-Convolvulaceae
Scammoniae Radix. Scammony Root. The dried root of Convolvulus Scammonia. Lin. Syst., Pentandria monogynia; growing in Syria, and exported chiefly from Smyrna. Scammonium. Scammony, a gum resin, ex...
-Solanaceae
Dulcamara. Dulcamara. The young branches, dried, of Sola-num Dulcamara, Woody Nightshade or Bitter-Sweet; Lin. Syst., Pentandria monogynia; indigenous, growing in hedges. Description. The dried twi...
-Solanaceae. Continued
Belladonna is given internally to allay pain and spasm in neuralgic affections, gastrodynia, colic, and spasms of the different sphincters, as of the uterus, bladder, and rectum; also in some nervous ...
-Scrophulariaceae
Digitalis. Digitalis. Foxglove. The dried leaf of Digitalis purpurea, or Purple Foxglove; the wild plant; Lin. Syst., Didynamia angiospermia. Indigenous. Digitalinum. Digitaline. The active princip...
-Labiatae
Rosmarini Oleum. English Oil of Rosemary. The oil distilled in England from the flowering tops of Rosmarinus officinalis, or rosemary; Lin. Syst., Diandria monogynia; growing chiefly on the hills in t...
-Labiatae. Continued
Pulegii Oleum. Oil of Pennyroyal. (Not officinal.) The oil distilled from the flowering plant of Mentha Pulegium, or Pennyroyal; Lin. Syst., Didynamia gymnospermia; indigenous, growing in marshy place...
-Myristaceae
Myristica. Nutmeg. The kernel of the seed of Myristica Officinalis. [The kernel of the fruit of Myristica Fragrans, U.S.] Lin. Syst., Diascia monodelphia; imported from Sumatra and the Molucca Isla...
-Lauraceae
Cinnamomum. Cinnamon. The inner bark of shoots from the truncated stocks of Cinnamomum Zeylanicum, or Cinnamon; Lin. Syst., Enneandria monogynia; growing chiefly in Ceylon, and distinguished in commer...
-Aristolochiae
Serpeutaria. Serpentary. The dried root of Aristolochia Serpentina, Serpentary, or Virginian Snake-root; Lin. Syst., Gynandria hexandria; grown in Virginia and other parts of the United States. Des...
-Thymelaceae
Mezereum. Mezereon. The dried bark of Daphne Mezereum, or Mezereon; Lin. Syst., Octandria monogynia; or Daphne Laureola. The Spurge Laurel. The latter is chiefly found in commerce; indigenous. Desc...
-Euphorbiaceae
Cascarilla. Cascarilla. The bark of Croton Eleuteria, or Casca-rilla bush; Lin. Syst., Moncecia monodelphia: growing in the Bahamas. Description. In small quilled pieces, from 2 to 4 inches long, a...
-Piperaceae
Piper. Black Pepper. The unripe berries, dried, of Piper Nigrum, or Black Pepper; Lin. Syst., Diandria trigynia; growing in tropical countries, as Java and Sumatra, now chiefly imported from the West ...
-Salicaceae
Salicis Cortex. Willow Bark. Bark of Salix Caprea; Lin. Syst., Dioecia diandria; indigenous. Not officinal. Description. The bark obtained from the branches is quilled, the epidermis dark-coloured,...
-Ulmaceae
Ulmus. Elm Bark. The dried inner bark of Ulmus Campestris, the broad-leaved Elm; deprived of its outer layers; Lin. Syst., Pentandria monogynia; indigenous to and cultivated in Britain. Description...
-Cupuliferae
Quercus. Oak Bark. The dried bark of the small branches and stems of Quercus Pedunculata, the Common Oak; Lin. Syst., Moncecia polyandria; indigenous. The bark should be collected in spring from plant...
-Acidum Tarmicum. Tannic Acid. Acidum Gallicum. Gallic Acid. An Acid Prepared From Galls
Description of the Gall. The punctures of the young twig of the tree by a hymenopterous insect, the diplolepis gallae tinctoriae, cause an astringent exudation, which concretes and produces the gall-n...
-Urticaceae
Ficus. The Fig; the prepared fruit of Ficus Carica; Lin. Syst., Polygamia dioecia; a native of Asia; imported from Smyrna. Description. The part usually known as the fruit of the fig, when dry, con...
-Coniferae Or Pinaceae
Terebinthinae Oleum. Oil of Turpentine. Oil distilled from the Turpentine of Pinus palustris, Pinus taeda, and sometimes Pinus pinaster; Lin. Syst., Monoecia monadelphia; imported from America and Fra...
-Coniferae Or Pinaceae. Continued
Description, A softish, bright yellow, opaque solid, resinous but tough, with the odour of American turpentine. True Frankincense, the natural exudation from Abies excelsa, is not at present imported ...
-Class II. Endogenae. Zingiberaceae
Zingiber. Ginger. The rhizome, scraped and dried, of the Zingiber officinale (Amomum Zingiber), Ginger; Lin. Syst., Monandria monogynia; native of Hindostan, but is cultivated in the West Indies as we...
-Marantaceae
Maranta. Arrow-root. (Not officinal.) [Officinal in U. S. P.] Fecula of the tuber of Maranta arundinacea (arrow-root); Lin. Syst., Monandria monogynia; native of the West Indies. Description. A whi...
-Iridaceae
Crocus. Saffron. The stigma and part of the style, dried, of Crocus sativus; Lin. Syst., Triaudria monogynia; native of Greece and Asia Minor; imported from Spain, France, and Naples. Description. ...
-Smilaceae
Sarsa. Jamaica Sarsaparilla. The dried root of Smilax officinalis. Sarsaparilla; Lin.. Syst., Dioecia hexandria; native of Central America, imported from Jamaica. Description. Sarsaparilla consists...
-Palmae
Sago. Sago. (Not officinal.) The fecula of the stem of Sagus laevis, and other species of palm; Lin. Syst., Monoecia hexandria: native of the East Indies. Description. Sago of the shops is of two k...
-Liliaceae
Scilla. Squill. 'The bulb, sliced and dried, of Urginea Scilla (Scilla maritima); Lin. Syst., Hexandria monogynia; growing on the southern coasts of Europe bordering on the Mediterranean. Descripti...
-Liliaceae. Continued
Hepatic Aloes (not now officinal), called also East Indian Aloes, has a dark reddish-brown or liver colour; opaque or translucent; usually more or less brittle; possesses an odour not disagreeable; ta...
-Melanthaceae
Veratrum. [Veratrum Album. U. S.] White Hellebore. The rhizome of Veratrum album; Lin. Syst., Polygamia monoecia; growing in the Pyrenees and Alps. (Not officinal.) Description. The rhizome is met ...
-Melanthaceae. Continued
Therapeutics. As veratrum, but much more powerful; sometimes it is used as a topical irritant in lieu of aconite; it has a less benumbing effect. Dose. 1/12 gr. to 1/6 gr. It should be exhibited wi...
-Graminaceae
Farina. Wheat Flour. Appendix A. The flour of the seed ground and sifted, of Triticum vulgare; Lin. Syst., Triandria digynia; growing in Europe, and cultivated also over the greater part of the civili...
-Graminaceae. Continued
Off. Prep. Extractum Ergotae Liquidum. Liquid Extract of Ergot. (Ergot, in coarse powder, one pound; ether, twenty fluid ounces; distilled water, seventy fluid ounces; rectified spirit, eight fluid ou...
-Class III. Acotyledones. Sub-Class I. Acrogenae. Filices
Filix. Fern Root. The dried rhizome of Aspidium Filix-mas; Lin. Syst., Cryptogamia filices; Male Shield Fern; indigenous; it should be collected in summer. Description. The central part, or caudex, is...
-Animal Kingdom. Class, Mammalia. Rodentia
Castoreum. Castor. The follicles of the prepuce of the Castor Fiber, Beaver, filled with a peculiar secretion; dried and separated from the somewhat shorter and smaller oil-sacs, which are frequently ...
-Ruminantia
Moschus. Musk. The inspissated secretion deposited in the follicles of the prepuce of Moschus moschiferus; native of Thibet and other parts of central Asia. Description. Musk is contained in a sac ...
-Saccharum Lactis. Sugar Of Milk. Crystallized Sugar, Obtained From The Whey Of Cow's Milk By Evaporation
Prep. The milk is coagulated, the curd separated, and after the whey has been evaporated to the crystallizing point, pieces of wood or cord are introduced, upon which the milk sugar crystallizes. P...
-Fel Bovinum Purificatum. Purified Ox Bile. [Not Officinal In U. S. P.] The Fresh Bile Of Bos Taurus, The Ox, Purified
Prep. Ox gall is placed in Appendix A , and from it the purified bile is ordered to be made, by mixing the fresh gall with twice its volume of rectified spirit, and after twelve hours, when the sedime...
-Pepsina. Pepsin. (Not Officinal.) The Digestive Principle Obtained From The Mucous Membrane Of The Stomach Of The Calf Or Pig
Prep. One process of preparing pepsin is to wash the stomach, scrape off the mucous membrane, and digest it in distilled water; filter and add acetate of lead, which throws down a precipitate of pepsi...
-Pachydermata
Adeps Praeparatus. [Adeps. U. S.] Prepared Lard. The prepared internal fat of the abdomen of Sus scrofa, The Hog. Hog's Lard. Description. Lard is too familiar to need much description. It is a sof...
-Cetaceae
Cetaceum. Spermaceti. A concretion prepared from the oily matter of the head of Physeter macrocephalus, or Sperm Whale; inhabiting the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Description. A semi-concrete oily s...
-Class, Ayes
Ovi Albumen. White of Egg. Appendix A. The liquid albumen of the egg of Gallus Bankiva (var. domesticus.) Ovi Vitellus. The yolk of the Egg. (Not now officinal.) [Ovum. Egg. The egg of Phasianus...
-Class, Pisces
Isinglass. [Ichthyocolla. Isinglass. U. S.] Appendix B. The swimming bladder or sound of various species of Acipenser, prepared and cut into fine shreds. Description. Isinglass is the dried swimmin...
-Class, Insecta. Hymenoptera
Mel. Honey. A saccharine secretion deposited in the honeycomb by the Apis mellifica. British and imported. Description. It is a viscid fluid of a slight yellow colour; the purest is obtained by all...
-Hemiptera
Coccus. Cochineal. Coccus Cacti. The female Cochineal insect dried; reared in Mexico and Teneriffe. Description. Of an oval form, convex on one side, flat and slightly concave on the other, about t...
-Coleoptera
Cantharis. Cantharides. Cantharis vesicatoria, Lytta vesicatoria; the Blister Beetle, or Spanish Fly; collected in Russia, Sicily, and Hungary. Description. The insect is from 8 to 10 lines long; t...
-Class, Annelida
Hirudo. The Leech. Sanguisuga officinalis, the Speckled Leech; and Sanguisuga medicinalis, the Green Leech. Imported chiefly from Hamburg. Description. Leeches have an elongated body, 2 or 3 inches...
-Class, Porifera. Spongia Usta. Burnt Sponge. (Not Officinal.)
Sponges, of which there are very many varieties, inhabit the bottom of the sea, where they are fixed to rocks. The best are obtained from the Mediterranean and Red Seas, inferior qualities from the We...
-Test-Solutions For Quantitative And Qualitative Analyses Of Substances Contained In The Pharmacopoeia; With An Explanation Of Their More Important Applications. Solution Of Acetate Of Copper
Prep. By digesting half an ounce of subacetate of copper in fine powder with one fluid ounce of acetic acid diluted with half a fluid ounce of water, at a temperature not exceeding 212, with repe...
-Solution Of Acetate Of Potash
Prep. Made by dissolving half an ounce of acetate of potash (KO, C4 H3 O3) in five fluid ounces of distilled water. Use. This solution is employed to distinguish between tartaric and citric acids. ...
-Solution Of Acetate Of Soda
Prep. By dissolving half an ounce of acetate of soda (Na 0, C4 H3 O3 + 6HO), in five fluid ounces of distilled water. Use. It is directed to be added in excess to the solution of phosphate of lime ...
-Solution Of Albumen
Prep. The white of one egg is well triturated in a mortar with four ounces of distilled water, and filtered through clean tow, previously moistened with distilled water. Use. This is used for testi...
-Solution Of Ammonio Nitrate Of Silver
Prep. One quarter of an ounce of nitrate of silver in crystals (Ag O, No5), is dissolved in eight fluid ounces of distilled water, and half an ounce or a sufficiency of solution of ammonia added so as...
-Solution Of Ammonio-Sulphate Of Copper
Prep. By dissolving half an ounce of crystallized sulphate of copper in eight fluid ounces of distilled water, and adding solution of ammonia to the solution until the precipitate formed at first is n...
-Solution Of Ammonio-Sulphate Of Magnesia
Prep. By dissolving one ounce of sulphate of magnesia, and half an ounce of hydrochlorate of ammonia, in eight fluid ounces of distilled water, afterwards adding half a fluid ounce of solution of ammo...
-Solution Of Bichloride Of Platinum
Prep. Directions,for making this solution are given under Platinum, page 111. Use. This solution is used for testing the presence and absence of potash, in various substances; it forms with potash ...
-Solution Of Boracic Acid
Prep. Made by dissolving fifty grains of boracic acid (Bo3 + 3 HO) in one fluid ounce of rectified spirit. Use. It is used in the Pharmacopoeia to test the presence of turmeric in rhubarb. Turmeric...
-Solution Of Bromine
Prep. A solution of ten minims of bromine in five fluid ounces of distilled water. Use. This solution is employed in testing bromide of potassium, to determine whether any iodide be present. A few ...
-Solution Of Carbonate Of Ammonia
Prep. Made by dissolving half an ounce of carbonate of ammonia in eight fluid ounces of water, and subsequently adding sufficient water to make up the bulk of the solution to ten fluid ounces. Use....
-Solution Of Chloride Of Barium
Prep. An ounce of chloride of barium, in crystals, is dissolved first in eight fluid ounces of water, and sufficient water then added to make the solution measure ten fluid ounces. Use. Chloride of...
-Solution Of Chloride Of Calcium
Prep. One ounce of chloride of calcium is dissolved in eight fluid ounces of distilled water, and sufficient water is added to make the bulk of the solution ten fluid ounces. Use. This solution is ...
-Saturated Solution Of Chloride Of Calcium
Prep. Made by dissolving three hundred and thirty-six grains of chloride of calcium in one fluid ounce of distilled water. Use. This solution, like the chloride of calcium itself, has a very strong...
-Solution Of Chloride Of Tin
Prep. By dissolving one ounce of granulated tin in three fluid ounces of hydrochloric acid, diluted with one fluid ounce of distilled water, with a moderate heat, until gas ceases to be evolved, and s...
-Solution Of Corrosive Sublimate. Prep. One Hundred Grains Of Corrosive Sublimate Are Dissolved
in five fluid ounces of distilled water, and preserved in a bottle impervious to light. Use. This solution has the power of coagulating albumen, with which it forms a very insoluble compound; and i...
-Solution Of Ferrocyanide Of Potassium
Prep. By dissolving a quarter of an ounce of ferrocyanide of potassium (crystals) in five fluid ounces of distilled water. Use. Ferrocyanide of potassium forms insoluble precipitates with many of t...
-Solution Of Ferridcyanide Of Potassium
Prep. By dissolving a quarter of an ounce of ferridcyanide of potassium in five fluid ounces of water. Use. This solution is used as a test of the presence of the protoxide of iron, with which it f...
-Solution Of Gelatine
Prep. Fifty grains of isinglass, cut into shreds, and one fluid ounce of distilled water, are mixed and digested for half an hour with repeated shaking on a water bath, and the solution filtered throu...
-Solution Of Hydrochlorate Of Ammonia
Prep. By dissolving one ounce of hydrochlorate of ammonia in eight fluid ounces of distilled water, and afterwards making up the solution with distilled water to ten fluid ounces. Use. It is used a...
-Solution Of Hydrosulphuret Of Ammonia
Prep. By passing a stream of sulphuretted hydrogen gas into one fluid ounce of solution of ammonia as long as the gas continues to be absorbed. Use. The solution of hydrosulphuret of ammonia is use...
-Sulphuretted Hydrogen Gas
Sulphuretted hydrogen, prepared by the action of sulphuric acid on sulphuret of iron, is also much used as a test for the metals. Sulphuretted hydrogen gives yellow precipitates in neutral solutions c...
-Solution Of Iodate Of Potash
Prep. By rubbing together to a fine powder, fifty grains of iodine, and fifty grains of chlorate of potash, then pouring upon it half an ounce of distilled water with five minims of nitric acid, and d...
-Solution Of Iodide Of Potassium
Prep. Made by dissolving one ounce of iodide of potassium in eight ounces of distilled water, and making up the solution to ten fluid ounces. Use. The solution of iodide of potassium is used as a t...
-Solution Of Oxalate Of Ammonia
Prep. Made by first neutralizing a solution of one ounce of purified oxalic acid in eight ounces of boiling distilled water, with carbonate of ammonia; filtering the solution, cooling, and allowing th...
-Solution Of Phosphate Of Soda
Prep. Made by dissolving one ounce of phosphate of soda, in crystals, in eight fluid ounces of distilled water, subsequently made up to ten fluid ounces. Use. The solution is used under Magnesia, C...
-Solution Of Sulphate Of Iron
Prep. Made by dissolving ten grains of granulated sulphate of iron in one fluid ounce of boiling distilled water. It should be recently prepared. Use. This is a solution of the protosulphate of iro...
-Solution Of Sulphate Of Lime
Prep. Made by rubbing a quarter of an ounce of plaster of Paris (sulphate of lime, dried), in a porcelain mortar with two fluid ounces of distilled water, and then adding the milky fluid to eighteen f...
-Solution Of Tartaric Acid
Prep. Made by dissolving an ounce of crystallized tartaric acid in eight fluid ounces of distilled water, and adding to it two fluid ounces of rectified spirit. The spirit is employed on account of...
-Solution Of Terchloride Of Gold
Prep. Made by dissolving, with the aid of heat, sixty grains of fine gold in thin laminae, in a dilute nitro-hydrochloric acid made by mixing one fluid ounce of nitric acid, six fluid ounces of hydroc...
-Volumetric Solutions
In making use of the volumetric solutions a graduated tube or alkalimeter is employed, which when filled to 0, holds 1,000 grains of distilled water at 60; it is divided into a hundred parts of e...
-Volumetric Solution Of Soda. (Soda, Nao = 31.)
(Take of solution of soda, a sufficiency; distilled water, a sufficiency.) Fill the volumetric tube to 0 with the solution of soda, and drop this into sixty-three grains of purified oxalic acid dissol...
-Volumetric Solution Of Oxalic Acid. (Oxalic Acid Crystallized, Ho, C2 O3+2 Ho=63.)
(Take of purified oxalic acid in crystals quite dry, but not effloresced, 551.25 grains; distilled water, a sufficiency.) Dissolve the oxalic acid in eighteen fluid ounces of the water, and when the s...
-Volumetric Solution Of Bichromate Of Potash. (Bichromate Of Potash, Ko, 2 Cro8= 147.5.)
(Take of pure bichromate of potash, one hundred and twenty grains; distilled water, one pint. Dissolve.) Of the bichromate of potash solution, one hundred measures contain 14.75 (or 1/10 of an equival...
-Volumetric Solution Of Hyposulphite Of Soda. (Hyposulphite Of Soda Crystallized, Nao, S2 O2 + 5 Ho=124.)
(Take of hyposulphite of soda, in crystals, two hundred and sixty grains; distilled water, a sufficiency.) Dissolve the hyposulphite of soda in one pint of the water, and drop the solution cautiously ...
-Volumetric Solution Of Iodine. (Iodine, I = 127 )
(Take of purified iodine, in powder, 111.125 grains; iodide of potassium, one hundred and fifty grains; distilled water, a sufficiency. Mix the iodide of potassium and iodine in a bottle with eighteen...
-Volumetric Solution Of Nitrate Of Silver. (Nitrate Of Silver, Ago, No5 = 170.)
(Take of nitrate of silver, 148.75 grains; distilled water, one pint. Dissolve, and keep in an opaque stoppered bottle. The quantity of this solution which fills the volumetric tube to 0, includes sev...
-Posological Table
The following List exhibits the doses of important remedial agents and their preparations as ordinarily prescribed for adults. When medicines are administered to young children or very aged persons so...
-Granular Effervescing Salts
Within the last few years medicines have been somewhat extensively used in the form of granular effervescing powders, prepared by a peculiar process. Their basis consists of a combination of tartar...







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