Braxton Bragg, an American general in the confederate service, born in Warren county, N. C, about 1815. He graduated at West Point in 1837, was appointed lieutenant' of artillery, and served mainly in Florida till 1843, during the war with the Seminoles; from 1843 to 1845 he was stationed at Fort Moultrie, in Charleston harbor, and just before the breaking out of the war with Mexico was ordered to Texas. In May, 1846, he was made captain by brevet for gallant conduct in the defence of Fort Brown, and in June was made captain of artillery. He was present at the battle of Monterey, Sept. 21-23, and was breveted as major for gallant conduct there; and in 1847 he was breveted as lieutenant colonel for gallant conduct'in the battle of Buena Vista. From 1848 to 1855 he was engaged in frontier service at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., Fort Gibson, and Washita. In March, 1855, he was appointed major of cavalry, but declined, and received leave of absence. In January, 1856, he resigned his commission in the army, and retired to his plantation at Thibodeaux, La. In 1859-'61 he was commissioner of the board of public works of the state of Louisiana. When the civil war broke out, he joined the confederates, was appointed brigadier general, and placed in command at Pensacola. In February, 1862, he was made major general, and ordered to join the army of the Mississippi. He took part in the battle of Shiloh, April 6 and 7, was raised to the full rank of general in place of Gen. A. S. Johnston, killed at Shiloh, and after the evacuation of Corinth succeeded Gen. Beauregard in command of the department.
In August he left Tennessee at the head of a strong force, and entered Kentucky, but after the battle of Perryville, Oct.. 8, was forced to retreat, carrying with him a vast amount of supplies and many recruits from Kentucky. He was removed from his command and placed under arrest, but was soon restored, and resumed command of the force opposed to the federal army under Rose-crans. He was checked by Rosecrans in the protracted contest of Stone river or Murfrees-boro, Dec. 26, 1862, to Jan. 2, 1863, again encountered and defeated him at Chickamauga, Sept. 19-20, 1863, but was decisively defeated by Gen. Grant at Chattanooga, Nov. 23-25. Shortly afterward he was relieved from command and called to Richmond, where for a time he acted as military adviser to President Davis, with whom he was a favorite. In the autumn of 1864 he led a small force from North Carolina to Georgia, to operate against Sherman, but without success.