Philip Gilbert Hamerton, an English author, born in Manchester, Sept. 10, 1834. His mother died when he was a fortnight old, and his father when he was ten years old, leaving his early education to be superintended by a paternal aunt, who put him in school at Doncaster. He went afterward to Barnley school, where, principally as a private pupil, he was fitted for Oxford. Becoming interested in landscape painting, he studied that art in the studio of Mr. Pettill in London, and then went back to Lancashire, where he passed several years, devoting himself to art and literature. He published anonymously many articles in periodicals, besides "Observations on Heraldry" (London, 1851), and "Isles of Loch Awe, and other Poems" (12mo, 1855). In 1855 he became a student of William Wyld in Paris, remaining two or three years, when he returned home and entered upon a mode of life in Scotland described in his " Painter's Camp in the Highlands, and Thoughts about Art" (2 vols. 8vo, 1862), since published as two separate works. For three years he was the art critic of the "Saturday Review," and his contributions were sought by other publications.

In 1859 he married a daughter of M. Frederic Gindriez, and after living for a while in Sens, where he painted some of his best pictures, he took up his residence in Autun, where he now lives (1874). He has invented a new method of etching, which he calls the positive process. (See Engraving.) His later works, several of which have been republished in the United States, comprise "Etching and Etchers" (1866); "Contemporary French Painters" (1867); "The Etcher's Handbook" (1808); "Painting in France after the Decline of Classicism" (1868); "Wenderholme, a Story of Lancaster and York" (3 vols. 8vo, 1809); "'The Unknown River" (1870); "Chapters on Animals"(1873); and "The Intellectual Life" (1873). Hamer-ton's paintings have been praised by some critics, but they are not popular. Among the best of his efforts are "Kilchurn Castle," "Sens from the Vineyards," and "The River Yonne."

Mr. Hamerton's wife has published "Jeanne Laraguay," a novel (London, 1864).