Potter, a N. county of Pennsylvania, bordering on New York; area, about 1,000 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 11,265. It has an elevated and mountainous surface, and is drained by head waters of the Alleghany, the Genesee, and the Susquehanna. Much of it is covered by pine forests, and lumber is largely exported. The chief productions in 1870 were 22, -124 bushels of wheat, 32,098 of Indian corn, 245,763 of oats, 30,701 of buckwheat, 97,621 of potatoes, 27,130 tons of hay, 52,460 lbs. of wool, 475,600 of butter, and 78,395 of maple sugar. There were 1,819 horses, 4,350 milch cows, 4,634 other cattle, 12,539 sheep, and 1,338 swine. Capital, Coudersport.
Alonzo, an American bishop, born in Beekman (now La Grange), Dutchess co., N. Y., July 6, 1800, died in San Francisco, Cal., July 4, 1865. He graduated at Union college in 1818, in 1820 became a tutor there, and in 1821 professor of mathematics and natural philosophy. He was ordained to the ministry of the Protestant Episcopal church, May 1, 1822, and soon afterward married a daughter of Dr. Nott, president of the college. He was rector of St. Paul's church, Boston, from 1826 to 1831, when he became professor of moral philosophy in Union college, and in 1838 vice president of the institution. He received the degree of D. D. from Harvard and Gambier colleges, and in 1846 that of LL. D. from Union college. He was consecrated bishop of Pennsylvania, Sept. 23, 1845, and died when on a Visit to the Pacific coast in search of health. His son, the Rev. Eliphalet Nott Potter, is now (1875) president of Union college. The principal publications of Bishop Potter are: " The Principles of Science applied to the Domestic and Mechanic Arts," etc. (12mo, New York, 1841); " Political Economy, its Objects, Uses, and Principles considered" (18mo, 1841); "Handbook for Readers and Students" (18mo, 1847); " Discourses, Charges, Addresses," etc. (12mo, Philadelphia, 1858); and, in conjunction with George B. Emerson, " The School and Schoolmaster" (12mo, New York, 1844). - See "Memoirs of the Life and Services of Rt. Rev. A. Potter, D. D., LL. D.," by the Rev. Dr. M. A. De Wolfe Howe (2d ed., Philadelphia, 1871).
Horatio, an American bishop, brother of the preceding, born in Beekman, Feb. 9, 1802. He graduated at Union college in 1826, and was ordained deacon in the Protestant Episcopal church in July, 1827, and priest the next year. In 1828 he became professor of mathematics and natural philosophy in Washington (now Trinity) college, Hartford, Conn., and in 1833 rector of St. Peter's church, Albany, N. Y. He received the degree of D. D. from Trinity college in 1838; of LL. D. from Geneva college, N. Y., in 1856; and of D. 0. L. from the university of Oxford in 1860. On the death of Bishop Wainwright in 1854, Dr. Potter was chosen provisional bishop of the diocese of New York, and consecrated Nov. 22. By the death of Bishop B. T. Onderdonk, April 30, 1861, he became bishop of the diocese.