Robert Newton, an English clergyman, born at Roxby, Yorkshire, Sept. 8, 1780, died April 30, 1854. With a limited education he began to preach in 1798, and in 1799 was received into the British conference. In 1803 he was appointed to Glasgow circuit, where he attended lectures in the university on theology and philosophy. While he received his appointments regularly from the conference, most of his time was spent in special labors in various parts of England and Scotland. His appointment to London in 1812 brought his extraordinary pulpit talents more prominently before the public, and he was employed with great success in advocating the cause of the British and foreign Bible society. He was also associated with Thomas Coke in promoting the cause of Christian missions. The demands for his labors throughout England, Scotland, and Ireland were extraordinary. During more than 50 years he probably travelled more continuously in the interests of the church than any other man of the century. He was four times elected president of the British conference, and for many years acted as its secretary.

In 1839 he was sent as delegate of the British conference to the Methodist Episcopal church of the United States, and during this stay his marvellous eloquence attracted vast crowds.