An English Author Joseph, born at Dunsford, Surrey, in 1722, died at Wickham, near London, Feb. 23,1800. He was educated at Winchester and Oxford, and became curate of Basingstoke. In 1746 he published " Odes on Various Subjects" (4to, London), and in 1748 was presented to the rectory of Winslade. He made a translation of the Eclogues and Georgics of Virgil, added to it Christopher Pitt's version of the Aeneid, and published the whole in 1753 (4 vols. 8vo). Soon afterward he contributed 24 critical papers to the " Adventurer." In 1754 he was made rector of Tunworth, and in 1755 second master of Winchester school. In 1756 he published the first volume of his "Essay on the Writings and Ge"nius of Pope," the work upon which his reputation chiefly rests, and of which the second volume did not appear till 1782. From 1766 to 1793 he was head master of Winchester school, in 1782 was made a prebendarv of St. Paul's, and in 1788 of Winchester. His edition of Pope's works (9 vols. 8vo) appeared in 1797, and about the same time he began an edition of Dryden, which was completed after his death (4 vols. 8vo, 1811). - See " Biographical Memoirs of the late Rev. Joseph Warton, D. D.," by the Rev. John Wooll (4to, London, 1806).
Thomas, brother of the preceding, born in Basingstoke in 1728, died in Oxford, May 21, 1790. In May, 1743, he became a commoner of Trinity college, Oxford, and in 1745 contributed to "Dodsley's Museum" a song and a prize essay. In 1747 he published a poem on "The Pleasures of Melancholy," and in 1749 "The Triumph of Isis," an answer to Mason's anti-Jacobite poem, "Isis, an Elegy." In 1751 he became a fellow of Trinity college, where he spent the remainder of his life. His " Observations on the Faerie Queene of Spenser" (1754) gave him a high reputation as a critic. From 1757 to 1767 he was professor of poetry, an office held by his father, Thomas Warton, D. D., in 1718-28. He published an edition of Theocritus (2 vols. 4to, 1770), and Inscriptionum Romanarum Metricarum Delectus (4to, London, 1758). Among his remaining works are: "The Oxford Sausage, or Select Pieces written by the most celebrated Wits of the University of Oxford" (1764); an edition of the Greek anthology (1766); and " The History of English Poetry, from the close of the Eleventh to the commencement of the Eighteenth Century, to which are prefixed two Dissertations: 1, on the Origin of Romantic Fiction in Europe; 2, on the Introduction of Learning into England" (vol. i., 1774; ii., 1778; iii., 1781; and a fragment of vol. iv., to the end of the reign of Elizabeth). In the edition of Richard Price many of Warton's mistakes are corrected (4 vols. 8vo, London, 1824; new ed., 3 vols., 1840). In 1785 he was elected Camden professor of ancient history, and succeeded Whitehead as poet laureate.
In 1802 Dr. Mant, bishop of Down, published an edition of " The Poetical Works of the late Thomas Warton, B. D." (2 vols. 8vo), with an account of his life.