Barge, an old town of Piedmont, at the foot of the Monbracco, about 30 m. S. W. of Turin; pop. about 7,000. It has a college, a good trade, manufactories of firearms, and slate quarries. It suffered severely from an earthquake in 1808.
Baridut, a town of S. Russia, in the government and 138 m. E. of the town of Yekateri-noslav; pop. in 1867, 10,392. The town has large establishments for rendering tallow, and near it are coal mines and alabaster quarries.
Barima, a river of South America, rising in the Imataca mountains of Venezuela, flowing E. into British Guiana, and then N. W. to the estuary of the Orinoco, which it enters just W. of the headland of Barima, in lat. 8° 46' N., lon. 60° W. Sixty miles above its mouth a natural canal 8 m. long connects it with the Guaini, a stream navigable for 70 m., having a depth of from 4 to 11 fathoms. The country bordering both streams abounds in the valuable black mora timber, and a great variety of other useful wood, as the bullet tree, red cedar, lancewood, silverballs, etc. The climate of this region is extremely unhealthy.
Barking, a market town and parish of Essex, England, 6 m. E. of London; pop. of the town in 1871, 6,574. It is on a navigable creek near the Thames, and is inhabited chiefly by fishermen, bargemen, and market carriers. Barking abbey, one of the oldest and richest nunneries in England, was founded about 677. In 870 it was burnt to the ground and the nuns were killed or dispersed by the Danes. In the 10th century it was restored by King Edgar. Several queens of England and other noble ladies were among its abbesses. The abbess of Barking was one of the four persons who were baronesses ex officio. Under Henry VIII. it was suppressed and the abbess and nuns were pensioned, and Charles I. sold the estate. Hardly a vestige of the building remains.
Barletta, a walled town and seaport of S. Italy, in the province of Terra di Bari, on the Adriatic, 33 m. N. W. of Bari; pop. in 1872, 28,163. It has wide streets, a colossal bronze statue supposed to be of the emperor Heraclius, and a Gothic cathedral in which Ferdinand I. of Aragon was crowned. There is a good harbor, partly artificial, and considerable commerce is carried on with Greece and the Ionian Islands. Barletta is supposed to occupy the site of a Greek town called Barduli. While it was besieged by the French in 1503, a combat was fought by challenge between 13 French and 13 Italian cavaliers, respectively under Bayard and Prospero Colonna. At the first collision seven of the French knights were unhorsed, but Bayard and his remaining comrades fought with such skill that the tournament ended as a drawn battle.
Barlow, Or Barlowe, William, an English theologian, died Dec. 10, 1569. Before the reformation he belonged to the order of St. Augustine, was elected prior of the house at Bisham in Berks, and in 1535 was sent by Henry VIII. on an embassy to Scotland. Securing the favor of the king, he was successively appointed to the bishoprics of St. Asaph, of St. Davids, and of Bath and Wells. He formally left the Roman Catholic church, and married, and during the reign of Edward VI. he was distinguished for his Protestant zeal. Under Mary he lost his bishopric, and for a time his liberty, and retired to Germany till the accession of Elizabeth. In 1559 he was made bishop of Chichester, and continued in this see till his death. He left a work entitled "Cosmography," and several slight controversial treatises. He had a numerous family, and his five daughters all became the wives of bishops.