Charles Swain

Charles Swain, an English poet, born in Manchester in 1803, died near there, Sept. 22, 1874. He learned the business of dyeing, but at the age of 30 became an engraver. In 1828 he published "Metrical Essays," followed by "Beauties of the Mind" (1831) and "Dryburgh Abbey " (1832), an elegy on Sir Walter Scott. His subsequent publications comprise "A Memoir of Henry Liversedge " (1835); " Rhymes for Childhood" (1846); "Dramatic Chapters, Poems, and Songs" (1847); "English Melodies " (1849); " Letters from Laura d'Au-verne " (1853); and " Art and Fashion " (1863). Swain was known as the "Manchester poet." A collection of his poems has appeared in the United States (Boston, 1858; new ed., 1872).

Charles The Fat (Of France)

Charles The Fat. See Charles THE Fat, Germany.

Charles Theodore Beauvais

Charles Theodore Beauvais, a French general, born in Orleans, Nov. 8, 1772, died in Paris in 1830. He entered the army as a private, rose rapidly to the rank of adjutant general, went to Egypt with Bonaparte, but resigned on account of some disagreement with his chief, and while returning to France was made prisoner by a corsair and taken to Constantinople, where he was detained for 18 months. He reentered the army in 1809, served in Spain, was afterward sent to the Rhine, commanded at Bayonne in 1815, and was dismissed on the second return of the Bourbons. He then devoted himself to literary pursuits, compiled a popular publication, Victoires et conquetes des Franpais (28 vols., 1817 et seq.), and edited the Correspondence ojfficielle et coiifidentielle de Napoleon Bonaparte avec les cours etrangeres (7 vols. 8vo, 1819-'20).

Charles Thomas Newtojv

Charles Thomas Newtojv, an English archaeologist, born in Herefordshire in 1816. He graduated at Oxford in 1837, and from 1840 to 1852 was an assistant in the department of antiquities in the British museum. In 1856, while vice consul at Mytilene, he discovered at Boodroom (anc. Halicarnassus) the site of the Mausoleum. (See Halicarnassus.) He was engaged in other interesting excavations from 1856 to 1859, and enriched the British museum with numerous sculptures, inscriptions, vases, coins, and other relics. In 1860 he became consul at Rome, and in 1861 keeper of the Greek and Roman antiquities in the British museum. His wife, who was known as an artist, died Jan. 2, 1866.

Charles Timothy Brooks

Charles Timothy Brooks, an American author, born in Salem, Mass., June 20, 1813. He graduated at Harvard college in 1832, and in 1837 was settled as a Unitarian clergyman in Newport, R. I., where he has ever since resided. He published there in 1851 a pamphlet entitled " The Controversy touching the Old Stone Mill." He is an accomplished scholar, and especially devoted to German literature. He has published a translation of Schiller's " William Tell; " a volume of miscellaneous poems from the German, in the series of " Specimens of Foreign Standard Literature;" a translation of Schiller's " Homage to the Arts," etc.; " German Lyrics;" " Songs of the Field and Flood;" a translation of Goethe's "Faust;" translations of " Titan," " Hesperus," and other works of Richter; besides a romance, poems, and a volume of sermons.