Galvanic See Galvanism Battery.
Game Of Ball. See Base Ball.
See Garcilaso de la Vega.
Gaspar Barlaeus. See Baerle.
Gaspar Becerra, a Spanish sculptor and fresco painter, born at Baeza in 1520, died in 1570. He studied under Michel Angelo at Rome, and on his return to Madrid executed several works in fresco for the palace, and adorned many churches. His masterwork is a statue of the Virgin.
Gaspar Cortereal, a Portuguese navigator, died about 1501. He was of a distinguished family, engaged in the colonization of the Azores. In 1500 he was appointed by the king of Portugal to command an expedition to explore the northern coasts of North America. He sailed from the Tagus in that year with two ships, ranged the shores of the country afterward called Canada, and freighted his ships with 57 Indians, whom on his return he sold as slaves; and the name Labrador (laborer), afterward transferred to a more northern region, is a memorial of his visit. Soon afterward he set sail from Lisbon on a second voyage to the same regions, but never returned. His brother Miguel sailed in search of him in 1502, and was never afterward heard from.
Gaspard De Azevedo Y Ziniga, count of Monterey, and viceroy of Peru and Mexico, died March 16, 1606. He succeeded Luis de Velas-co in the viceroyalty in 1603. He equipped a fleet to search for the great southern continent, which, under the command of Pedro Fernandez de Quiro, discovered several islands.
Gaspard Van (Lat Baerle. Barlceus), a Dutch poet, theologian, and historian, born in Antwerp, Feb. 12, 1584, died in Amsterdam, Jan. 14, 1648. He studied theology at Leyden, and in 1617 was elected professor of logic there. He adopted the principles and wrote in defence of Arminius and the Remonstrants, for which he was at length deprived of his professorship. He then studied medicine and obtained a doctor's degree from Caen, but remained at Leyden, supporting himself by giving private instruction, till 1631, when he was elected professor of philosophy and rhetoric in the newly founded athemeum at Amsterdam. He was one of the best Latin poets of that period, and has left records of the government of Count Maurice of Nassau in Brazil, and of the reception given to Maria de' Medici at Amsterdam in 1638.
Gasparo Tagliacozi, Or Ta-Gliacozzio (Taliacotius), an Italian surgeon, born about 1516, died in Bologna, where he was professor of anatomy and surgery, in 1599. He attained high renown for his medical lectures, but is now mainly remembered for what has been named from him the Taliacotian operation for the restoration of lost noses, ears, etc. Though this operation was not original with him, yet he carried it to greater perfection and was more successful than any of his predecessors. His process was fully detailed in his work De Gurtorum Ghirurgia per Insi-tionem Libri II. (2 vols, fob, Venice, 1597; new ed., Berlin, 1831). (See Autoplasty).