Giovanni Antonio Razzi

Giovanni Antonio Razzi, called IL Sodoma, an Italian painter, born in Vercelli, Piedmont, about 1479, died in Siena, Feb. 14, 1554. He formed his style on that of Leonardo da Vinci, and was early employed by Pope Julius II. to execute a series of works in the Vatican, afterward in part obliterated to make room for frescoes of Raphael. In the Chigi palace, now Farnesina, he painted in fresco the "Marriage of Alexander and Roxana" and the "Family of Darius." His best works are at Siena, including the "Adoration of the Magi" in the church of S. Agostino, and the "Flagellation" in the convent of S. Francisco.

Giovanni Battista Brocchi

Giovanni Battista Brocchi, an Italian mineralogist and geologist, born at Bassano, Feb. 18, 1772, died at Khartoom, Nubia, Sept. 25, 1826. In 1808 he was appointed inspector of mines, and in 1814 he published a work on the structure of the Apennine range, with an account of the fossils of its strata. He corrected the erroneous view of Brieslak, who supposed Rome to occupy the site of an extinct volcano, to which he ascribed the tufa and other volcanic materials found on the seven hills. In 1823 Brocchi received a commission from Me-hemet Ali to examine Sennaar, but died from the effects of the climate.

Giovanni Battista Caprara

Giovanni Battista Caprara, an Italian prelate and statesman, born in Bologna, May 29, 1733, died in Paris, June 21, 1810. He was not 25 years old when appointed by Pope Benedict XIV. vice legate at Ravenna. He was afterward papal nuncio successively at Cologne, Lucerne, and Vienna, and in 1792 was made cardinal. In 1800 he was created. bishop of Jesi. Having been appointed in 1801 legate a latere to the French republic, he succeeded in arranging the terms of the concordat, which were agreed upon July 15,1801; and in April, 1802, that document was promulgated at Paris, and the Roman Catholic form of worship was inaugurated at the church of Notre Dame with great splendor. In May, 1805, he crowned Napoleon at Milan as king of Italy. Returning to Paris as legate of the pope, he died there.

Giovanni Battista Casti

Giovanni Battista Casti, an Italian poet, born at Prato, Tuscany, in 1721, died in Paris, Feb. 6, 1803. He was for some time professor in the seminary of Montefiascone, and afterward obtained a canonry in the cathedral there. Having gained the favor of Joseph II. of Austria, he spent several years as unpaid attache to foreign embassies, and at the death of Me-tastasio in 1782 he received the appointment of poet laureate at the court of Vienna; but he relinquished this office after the death of the emperor Joseph, and spent the last years of his life in Paris. In early life he had written 18 poetical tales, and afterward added 30 more, making altogether 48, published in Paris in 1804, under the title of Novelle galanti, all loose. His fame depends on a political satirical poem, Gli animali parlanti (Paris, 1802). It has been translated into French and Spanish, and there is an abridged English version. He also produced several burlesque operas.