Jan Tan Der Heyden, a Dutch painter, born at Gorkum about 1637, died in Amsterdam in 1712. His best works represent the most picturesque views and public buildings of Amsterdam and other cities of the Netherlands, Germany, and England. He was a master of chiaroscuro and perspective, and his paintings were generally embellished with figures by Adrian van der Velde and by Lingelbach. The finish of his productions was remarkable. He was director of fire-extinguishing companies, and in 1690 published an illustrated work on his improvements in fire engines.
Jan Tennisz Blankhof, called Jan Maat, a Dutch painter of marine pieces, born at Alk-maar in 1628, died in 1670. He was a pupil of Caesar van Everdingen, and also studied in Rome. His pictures generally represent Italian ports and the coasts of the Mediterranean, and several of his storm scenes possess much merit.
Jan van Baan, a Dutch painter, born in Haarlem, Feb. 20, 1633, died at the Hague in 1702. He confined himself almost exclusively to portraiture, and was an imitator of Vandyke, to whom he was little inferior in color and expression, He painted portraits of the most eminent men of his own country, and of Charles II. of England and many of his court, He declined an invitation of Louis XIV. to visit Paris, on the ground that it would be unbecoming in him to trace the features of the despoiler and conqueror of his country.
Jan Van Cleef, a Flemish painter, born at Venloo in 1646, died in Ghent in 1710. His works are to be found in many churches of Flanders and Brabant. In Ghent, where they are very numerous, there is a fine picture by him in the convent of the Black Nuns, representing a sister of the order succoring persons stricken with the plague.
Jan Van Der Heiden, a Dutch painter, born at Gorkum in 1637, died in Amsterdam, Sept. 28, 1712. He excelled in landscapes, and in painting public buildings and churches, but not in figures, which were added by other artists, chiefly by Adrian Vandervelde. His works include " The London Exchange," the new'market and other objects in Amsterdam and Rotterdam, " The Calvary at Cologne," "A Village on the Banks of a River," and " A Street of Rome." The government pensioned him for improvements in fire engines.
Jan Van Der Hoeven, a Dutch naturalist, born in Rotterdam, Feb. 9, 1801, died in Leyden, March 10, 1868. In 1819 he entered the university of Leyden, where he remained till 1822, studying chiefly natural philosophy and medicine. He began the practice of medicine in his native city, but in 1826 was appointed extraordinary and in 1835 ordinary professor of zoology at Leyden. His principal work is Handboek der Dierkunde (Leyden, 1827-33), translated into English by the Rev. W. Clark ("Handbook of Zoology," 2 vols. 8vo, London, 1856-'8.)
Jane Shore,an English woman, the wife of Matthew or William Shore, a goldsmith in London, and mistress of King Edward IV. She was beautiful and amiable, and Sir Thomas More says that the king's favor " she never abused to any man's hurt, but to many a man's comfort and relief." After the death of the king she became attached to Lord Hastings; and when Richard III. had resolved on the destruction of that nobleman, he accused Jane Shore of witchcraft and of having withered his arm by sorcery. The king, though he sent her to prison and confiscated her goods, did not attempt to maintain his charge of witchcraft ; but the bishop of London caused her to do public penance for impiety and adultery. After the death of Hastings, Thomas Lynom, the king's solicitor, desired to marry her, but was prevented by the king. She lived till the time of Henry VIII., and tradition represents her as dying of hunger in a ditch. A celebrated tragedy by Rowe is founded on her story.