Johann Von Staupitz

Johann Von Staupitz, a German theologian, born in Meissen, died in Salzburg, Dec. 28, 1524. He was an Augustinian monk, obtained from the pope in 1501 general privileges for the newly established university at Wittenberg, of which he was made dean on its opening in 1502, and in 1508 caused Luther to become a professor there. He approved of the theses of Luther against papal indulgences, but not publicly. In 1518 he demanded at Augsburg that Luther should not be condemned unheard and untried. He became court preacher at Salzburg, and in 1522 abbot of a Benedictine convent. He is the author of De Amove Dei (Leipsic, 1518), and several other writings of a mystical character.

Johann Wilhelm Adolf Kirchhoff

Johann Wilhelm Adolf Kirchhoff, a German philologist, born in Berlin, Jan. 6, 1826. He is a son of the historical painter Johann Jakob Kirchhoff. After teaching in a gymnasium, he became in 1865 a professor in the university of Berlin, and in 1867 succeeded Bockh as a director of the philological seminary. His works include editions of Plotinus (2 vols., Leipsic, 1854) and Euripides (2 vols., 1855, and 3 vols., 1867-8), Die homerische Odyssee und ihre Entstehung (1859), and Die Composition der Odyssee (1869). He is a high authority on the old Italic languages and on palaeography. For the academy of sciences he edited part of the Corpus Inscriptionum Grce-carum (1859), containing the Christian inscriptions, and Corpus Inscriptionum Atticarum (1872 et seq.).

Johann Wilhelm Ludwig Gleim

Johann Wilhelm Ludwig Gleim, a German poet, born at Ermsleben, near Halberstadt, April 2, 1719, died in the latter town, Feb. 18, 1803. He published odes, fables, tales, and songs, which obtained for him the title of the German Anacreon. His Siegeslied nach der Schlachtbei Rossbach is the most famous of his battle songs. Gleim was very popular in Germany, and exercised for about 40 years a master influence on literature. He was a bachelor, but his home, kept by his accomplished niece Sophie Dorothea Gleim (celebrated in his songs under the name of Gleminde), was a favorite resort of poets and scholars. An edition of his works (7 vols., Halberstadt, 1811-'!3) was completed by an 8th volume (Leipsic, 1841).

Johann Wolfgang Dobereiner

Johann Wolfgang Dobereiner, a German chemist, born near Hof, Dec. 15, 1780, died in Jena, March 24, 1849. He was professor of pharmacy and chemistry in the university of Jena from 1810 till his death, and had intimate relations with Goethe and the grand duke Charles Augustus of Weimar; their correspondence with him was published in 1856. He made several chemical discoveries, among them the combustibility of platinum, the apparatus for suddenly producing light by directing a jet of hydrogen upon a piece of platinum sponge being known as Dobereiner's lamp. His principal works are: Zur pneumatischen Chemie (5 vols., Jena, 1821-'5), Zur Gahrungschemie (1822), and Zur Chemie des Platins (Stuttgart, 1836). With his son Franz, the author of Kameralchemie (Dessau, 1851), he published Deutsches Apothekerbuch (3 vols., Stuttgart, 1840-'44).